capitalism and domestic politics 1890 1930
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Capitalism and Domestic Politics (1890-1930)

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Capitalism and Domestic Politics (1890-1930). Economic Development and Social Change Ideological and Political Conflicts Party Politics. Social Change. Population growth: 35 million (1873) to 60 million (1925) Differences between urban and rural population in income, life style and values

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capitalism and domestic politics 1890 1930

Capitalism and Domestic Politics (1890-1930)

Economic Development and Social Change

Ideological and Political Conflicts

Party Politics

social change
Social Change
  • Population growth: 35 million (1873) to 60 million (1925)
  • Differences between urban and rural population in income, life style and values
  • Absentee landlords and increased tenancy (45%)
  • Tenant associations and disputes
  • Unions expanded in WWI and after and move to the left
ideological and political conflicts
Ideological and Political conflicts
  • Conservatives: Confucian ethics, Shinto myth of emperor in textbooks, press and national holidays
  • Local Improvement Movement: rural cooperatives and savings associations, youth associations, Military Reserve Association
  • Liberalism: education and self-improvement. Policies to prioritize economy and human rights
  • Parties’ political and social reforms
socialism
Socialism
  • Radical socialism and moderate Christian socialism
  • Socialist League (1920), JCP (1921)
  • Excess of factionalism and lack of mass participation
party politics
Party Politics
  • Politics of protest before 1890
  • Compromise after Sino-Japanese War: integration of parties into government
  • Conflict between Yamagata and Ito
  • Founding of Seiyukai (1900)
  • Katsura-Saionji Truce (1901-12)
  • Hara Kei and strengthening of Seiyukai
party politics1
Party Politics
  • Taisho Crisis and the founding of Kenseikai (1916)
  • Hara Kei formed a party government in 1918 but little reform towards popular democracy
  • Kato Takaaki (1924-26) and reforms (universal suffrage)
  • Weak power base: lack of popular support for corruption
party politics2
Party Politics
  • Politics of protest before 1890
  • Compromise after Sino-Japanese War: integration of parties into government
  • Conflict between Yamagata and Ito
  • Founding of Seiyukai (1900)
  • Katsura-Saionji Truce (1901-12)
  • Hara Kei and strengthening of Seiyukai
study questions
Study Questions
  • What were ideological and political agendas of the conservatives, liberals and Socialists?
  • How did the parliamentary politics evolve from protest of the opposition into party governments? Why did Japanese fail to develop a viable parliamentary democracy?
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