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UNESCO’s contribution to the implementation of the AU/CPA for science and technology Shamila Nair-Bedouelle Head of Un

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UNESCO’s contribution to the implementation of the AU/CPA for science and technology Shamila Nair-Bedouelle Head of Unit, AU/CPA Implementation Division for Science Policies and Sustainable Development, Natural sciences Sector,

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UNESCO’s contribution to the

implementation of the AU/CPA for

science and technology

Shamila Nair-Bedouelle

Head of Unit, AU/CPA Implementation

Division for Science Policies and Sustainable Development, Natural sciences Sector,

Addis Declaration on S&T and Scientific Research for Development
    • called upon UNESCO to assist Member States and the AU to implement the Summit decision on S&T
  • UNESCO adopted 3 flagship projects, GA 2007:
  • - Capacity building in STI
  • - Enhancing ST education
  • - The African Virtual Campus

UN Regional Development Efforts


  • UN Secretary-General’s reform agenda
  • Coherence of activities of UN agencies
  • Regional consultation meetings (5 regions)
  • 5th Regional Consultation, May 2003 established
  • « UN Science and Technology Cluster »
  • UNESCO as Convener and UNECA as Vice Convener

UN S&T Cluster

Established: 2003

Members: 13 UN Agencies


Work closely with AU/NEPAD’s Plan of Action in Science

Assist in preparation of First AMCOST 2003, Second and Third

Contribution and support to the CPA

Align Agency activities in support of the CPA

african science technology and innovation policy initiative astipi
African Science Technology and Innovation Policy Initiative ASTIPI


  • Review / formulate national STI policies for those African countries lacking STI policies
  • STI Policy Specialists trained
  • ASTIPI post graduate course designed and implemented

Current status of

UNESCO STI policy review


STI Policies formulated

STI Policy Reviews 2008-2009

unesco international review of s t statistics and indicators uis au nepad
UNESCO International Review of S&T Statistics and Indicators UIS + AU/NEPAD


  • review priority science policy information needs
  • examine existing S&T statistical and indicator systems, build institutional capacities
  • promote adaptation and adoption of internationally compatible policy relevant STI indicators and methodologies
  • develop an African network for STI indicators.
countries that have participated in s t statistics workshops 2005 7

Countries covered

Countries covered but absent

Countries not yet covered

Countries not targeted

Countries that have participated in S&T Statistics workshops 2005-7
how many researchers are there researchers per million inhabitants latest available year

0–100 per million

101–300 per million

301–1000 per million

1001–2000 per million

2001 per million and above

Data not available

How many researchers are there?Researchers per million inhabitants, latest available year

Source: UIS, September 2007


African STI Observatoy

  • Performance of institutions and R&D activities
  • Map Africa wide STI capacity

- Produce basic indicators

- Human resources

- Funding

- Patents

- Publications

- Research institutions

governance of science role of parliament
Governance of Science: role of Parliament
  • The need for closer co-operation among policy-makers, parliamentarians, scientists, journalists, industry (public and private) and civil society;
  • The setting-up of parliamentary science committees in Africa
  • A first Parliamentary Science Forum took place in Brazzaville on 11-14 March 2008.
women in science
Women in Science

International Report on S.T. and Gender 2007

  • ‘Statistics on Science, Technology and Gender (STG)’ with an Annex on statistical overview.
  • Collaboration with European Commission (Research Directorate-General) and a group of worldwide experts.
  • UNESCO will cooperate with AUC in the development of the Pan-African Association of African Women in Science and Technology (AAWOST)


University-Industry-Science Partnership

UNISPAR (1993)

  • Capacity building in governance of S&T parks
  • World Technopolis Association (WTA)
  • International Association of Science Parks (IASP)
  • S&T Parks
    • economic and technological development complexes
    • promote STI and commercialization of research

UNESCO’s activities in promoting

science and technology through

the African Virtual Campus

e learning

M. Miloudi

UNESCO, Natural sciences Sector,

Division for Science Policies and Sustainable Development

the african virtual campus objectives
Contribute to building the capacities of the African States in ICT, science and technology

Teachers trained in science, engineering and technology through e-learning

Promoting technical and Vocational Education & Training

Training of the human resources (middle / senior management)

Teacher training in the secondary and primary levels

Access to ICT infrastructure

Adult learning, distance learning

TheAfrican Virtual Campus Objectives
the mediterranean avicenna virtual campus eu unesco
The Mediterranean Avicenna Virtual Campus (EU - UNESCO)
  • A self-sustaining model which builds capacity in ICT infrastructure and e learning in 14 partner countries.
  • An appropriate solution for the development of education at different levels in line with the targets to 2015 of the UNESCO EFA programme
avicenna main achievements
Avicenna - Main achievements
  • 981 teachers/ tutors trained
  • 1500 blind students used the adapted online courses in 2007 (e-learning for blind students)
  • Avicenna Virtual Library shared by the partners;
  • 206 online modules of 20 hours each

Production processand Assurance Quality Control System (AQUAS)

Quality-label request



Control Committee


  • Approval production
  • Modules selection
  • Agreement of production
  • Technical & Pedagogical
  • module Validation
  • Modules proposals
  • Agreement of production request
  • Quality-label request

Modules with Quality -Label

  • Avicenna Modules
  • Technical & Pedagogical
  • Assistance
  • Modules Proposal
  • Modules Production








Avicenna Knowledge Centre (AKC)

or E-Learning Centre


Class Room

Self Service

Production Room

Technical Room


& Information

Meeting Room

& Library


  • Provide training sessions to the teachers on the engineering production of the online courses.
  • Provide training sessions for tutors and technical support and information for students;
  • Manage and Maintain the Virtual Library;
  • Develop relationships between the e-Learning centres of the regional network and also the centre is in charge for the development of the national virtual campus network.
  • Develop scientific groups through the network
  • Organise national seminars and dissemination activities
  • Provide support for the handicapped students (Blind and Deaf students)
  • E-Learning Centre Staff
  • Director
  • Educational Expert
  • Technical Expert
  • Technician
  • Secretary





  • - 54 Avicenna centres (5 regions)
  • Network will be used by all the
  • African universities
  • Project approved by the
  • UNESCO Executive Board and
  • GENERAL CONFERENCE (193 member states)
project initiation development
Project initiation development
  • Development in 5 African regions: Northern, Western, Eastern, Central, and Southern
  • 1st centre initiated in Benin, July 2008
  • AVC training, West Africa Nov 2008
  • Funded by Spain and the EU ARAPKE
  • Extrabudgetary and regular project funding
expected results
Network of fully operational “e-Learning Avicenna Centres” one centre per African country;

Specific online training in Sciences Policies and Science Technology and Innovation;

An online “African Virtual Library in S&T” comprising online modules and teaching resource material;

An African platform for the development of the African Virtual Campus to all African countries Teacher training National Campuses;


African experts trained in e-learning concept education (5 per centre - permanent staff);

Teachers trained on the engineering production of online multimedia courses;

Tutors trained in e-learning education methods;

Large-scale student training

Expected results
  • UNESCO: instrument of international cooperation
  • International peace and development can thrive through collaboration and dialogue
  • Maximize science as a cultural value
  • AVCN: infrastructure, technology enhanced learning, and science and technology education extended to all countries in Africa