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2 Peter and Jude. Responses to the threat of corruption. The threat of corruption (2 Peter/Jude). External corruption (Jude) The “ Others ” Internal corruption (2 Peter) “ False teachers ” The response of compassionate rescue The nature of Christian waiting

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2 peter and jude

2 Peter and Jude

Responses to the threat of corruption

the threat of corruption 2 peter jude
The threat of corruption (2 Peter/Jude)
  • External corruption (Jude)
    • The “Others”
  • Internal corruption (2 Peter)
    • “False teachers”
  • The response of compassionate rescue
  • The nature of Christian waiting
  • The nature of the Christian literature

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

jude and the apocalyptic genre use of non canonical literature in the nt
Jude and the Apocalyptic Genre/ Use of non-canonical literature in the NT

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

introduction to jude
Introduction to Jude
  • Author
  • Recipients
  • Date
  • Nature of the work

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

introduction to apocalyptic
Introduction to Apocalyptic
  • Spatial axis
  • Temporal axis
  • Ethical purpose

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

salutation
Salutation
  • Brevity
  • Author
  • Recipients
    • Identified as Christians (“Beloved”)
    • Not identified by location

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

thematic statement
Thematic statement
  • Dear friends, although I was very eager to write to you about the salvation we share, I felt I had to write and urge you to contend for the faith that was once for all entrusted to the saints.

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

proof for the thematic statement
Proof for the Thematic Statement
  • Israel in the wilderness
  • Fallen Angels in Gen 6
  • Sodom and Gomorrah
  • Michael and the devil
  • Cain, Balaam, Korah
  • Enoch
  • Use of non-canonical scripture

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

final prophecy
Final Prophecy
  • Prophecy from the apostles
  • Concerns the last times
  • Scoffers follow desires/ natural instincts
  • Do not have the Spirit

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

closing exhortation
Closing Exhortation

Build selves up in the faith

Pray in the Holy Spirit

Keep yourself in God’s love

Wait for Jesus/ eternal life

Be merciful to “those who doubt”; rescue the “Others” carefully

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

closing doxology
Closing Doxology
  • To him who is able to keep you from falling
  • The only God our Savior

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

second peter
Second Peter

Outline and Detailed Study

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

summary of introduction
Summary of Introduction:
  • Date
  • Author
  • Recipients

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

date several factors are important
Date - several factors are important:
  • After Jude, for it uses Jude
  • After Paul's letters were known (3:15-16)
  • After the apostolic generation or perhaps the missionaries to that group had died (3:4)
  • Probably after a first letter (probably not 1 Peter).

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

author
Author
  • Author has written at least once previously to these churches
  • Author tends to be autobiographical (unlike 1 Peter)
  • Author feels free to use Jude via aemulatio
  • Author knows 1 Enoch, but omits the direct quotation from Jude.
  • Author's concerns are not the Christological issues of the second century.
  • Author uses Hellenistic style and language

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

recipients
Recipients
  • Bothered by false teachers:
    • These once accepted Christian morality, but have now departed from it (1:3-11)
    • Their crimes are
      • reviling angelic/demonic beings
      • sensuality
  • These Christians are struggling with parousia delay (ch. 3)

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

outline
Outline:
  • Basic Outline:
  • Bauckham's Outline:

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

content bauckham s outline
Content (Bauckham's outline)
  • The following lecture(s) will follow the outline in Bauckham’s commentary

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

greeting 1 1 2
Greeting (1:1-2)
  • Titles differ from that in 1 Peter, the latter being more formal.
  • The letter is addressed to Christians who:
    • Are come to faith through Jesus' righteousness.
    • Have received a faith equally privileged (or precious) as that of the apostles.
    • Recognize Jesus as both God and savior
    • Grace and peace come from the knowledge of God

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

thematic sermon 1 3 11
Thematic sermon (1:3-11)
  • Jesus' gift (1:3-4)
    • Based on his divine power
    • Evil is corruption due to “desire” (epithumia)
    • Focused in the knowledge of Jesus
      • Epignostic soteriology
    • Result is some rather exalted promises:

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

christian virtue 1 5 9
Christian virtue (1:5-9)
  • Faith
  • Virtue (moral excellence)
  • Knowledge
  • Self-Control
  • Patient endurance
  • Piety, godliness (Hellenistic)
  • Brotherly love
  • Love

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

conclusion 1 10 11
Conclusion (1:10-11)
  • Based on the above, one should "make all the more effort" to "ratify" or "guarantee" the calling of God
  • The alternative

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

apology for the sermon 1 12 21
Apology for the sermon (1:12-21)
  • Peter's death = need for reminder (1:12-15)
    • He speaks of his present body as a "tent" cf. 2 Cor. 5:1
    • His death is an "exodus"
    • This is what gives the letter its testametal nature

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

peter s experience veracity 1 16 18
Peter's experience = veracity (1:16-18)
  • The apostles have not followed "myths" in the gospel
  • They are "eyewitnesses" of the manifest glory of Christ
  • Jesus "receives" honor and glory in transfig.

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

prophetic word other proof of veracity 1 19 21
Prophetic word = other proof of veracity (1:19-21)
  • echomen bebaioteron . . . = to have a most firm grip on
  • They should do the same, for scripture is a light in the dark.
  • Christ is the morning star; the arising is the parousia
    • The parousia is the full revelation to which the prophets point.
    • Prophecy is God-given (1:20-21)
      • The prophets spoke by divine inspiration:

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

peter s response to the false teachers 2 1 22
Peter's Response to the False Teachers 2:1-22
  • Prediction of False Teachers.
    • He compares false teachers to false prophets
    • Characteristics
      • "deny Christ"
      • Results
        • Many follow them into dissolution
        • Gospel is slandered
      • Teachers will be condemned

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

the certainty of judgment 2 4 10a
The Certainty of Judgment 2:4-10a
  • The judgment of the angels
  • The judgment of the flood
    • The flood's devastation
    • Noah's deliverance
  • The judgment of Sodom
    • The city's destruction
    • Lot's righteousness and suffering
  • God is quite capable of saving the righteous and punishing the wicked

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

denunciation of false teachers 2 10b 22
Denunciation of False Teachers 2:10b-22
  • Their slander of angels 2:10b-13a
  • Their moral corruption 2:13b-16
  • Their lack of promise 2:17-22

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

the issue of the parousia 3 1 13
The Issue of the Parousia 3:1-13
  • Prediction of Scofffers 3:1-7
    • Purpose of the letter 3:1-2
      • The first letter
      • Prophets and apostolic teaching
    • Description of the scoffers 3:3-4
      • Two charges are laid:
        • scoffing at Parousia
        • following their desires
    • God's word is firm
  • Three Periods of world history:
  • God is Forbearing 3:8-10

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

exhortation 3 11 13
Exhortation 3:11-13
  • To "holy and godly conduct"
  • To "eschatological waiting" cf. Jude 21 and gospels
  • This "hastens" (speudontas) the parousia
  • The new heavens and earth

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

conclusion 3 14 18
Conclusion 3:14-18
  • Exhortation to peace 3:14-16
  • Exhortation to growth 3:17-18a
  • Concluding doxology 3:18b

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

2 peter
2 Peter
  • This is the outline of the instructor, following some of the principles of ancient letter writing and rhetoric

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

salutation 1 1 2
Salutation (1:1-2)

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

letter opening 1 3 15
Letter Opening (1:3-15)
  • Opening Sermon (1:3-11)
    • Historical Introduction: the Divine Benefaction
    • Call to virtue
  • Purpose Statement (1:12-15)

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

letter body 1 16 3 13
Letter Body (1:16-3:13)
  • The Implications of the Transfiguration (1:16-21)
  • Condemnation of false teachers (2:1-22)
    • Introduction to the false teachers (2:1-3)
    • Scriptural arguments why God will judge the false teachers 2:4-10a
    • The arrogance of the false teachers 2:10b - 12
    • The immorality of the false teachers 2:13-16
    • The condemnation of the false teachers 2:17-22

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

letter body continued
Letter body continued
  • Conclusions about the Day of the Lord (3:1-13)
    • Introduction to the day of the Lord 3:1-2
    • The denial of the day of the Lord refuted from scripture 3:3-7
    • The reason the day of the Lord appears delayed 3:8-9
    • Conclusions: Nature and implications of the day of the Lord 3:10-13
  • Summary concerning the Christian life (3:14-16) Body closing

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter

letter closing 3 17 18
Letter Closing (3:17-18)

General Epistles - Peter 5 - Jude + 2 Peter