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Chapter 24 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 24. World War Looms. Bell Ringer: What is this cartoon saying?. The spread of Nationalism in Europe. Treaty of Versailles Stalin & the Soviet Union Totalitarian. The rise of Fascism. Mussolini & Italy Fascism Hitler & Germany Aryan culture Lebensraum. Militarism in Japan.

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Chapter 24


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Chapter 24 World War Looms

    2. Bell Ringer: What is this cartoon saying?

    3. The spread of Nationalism in Europe. • Treaty of Versailles • Stalin & the Soviet Union • Totalitarian

    4. The rise of Fascism Mussolini & Italy • Fascism Hitler & Germany • Aryan culture • Lebensraum

    5. Militarism in Japan • Tojo in Japan • militarism

    6. Civil War in Spain • Francisco Franco

    7. United States Response • Isolationism • Neutrality Acts

    8. Here at home • Axis Powers • U.S. Defense • Third term

    9. The Great Arsenal of Democracy • Lend-Lease Plan • German wolf packs

    10. FDR Plans for War • The Atlantic Charter

    11. The Soviet Union Declares Neutrality • By March 1939,German troops occupy rest of Czechoslovakia • Hitler eyes Poland – would bring two-front war • Stalin & Hitler sign nonaggression pact—will not attack each other • Sign second, secret pact agreeing to divide Poland between them Soldiers in foxhole

    12. Blitzkrieg in Poland • Sept. 1939, Hitler overruns Poland in blitzkrieg, lightning war • Germany annexes western Poland; U.S.S.R. attacks, annexes east; Poland ceased to exist On September 3, 1939 in response to the invasion of Poland, Britain and France declare war on Germany.

    13. The Phony War • French, British soldiers on Maginot Line face Germans in sitzkrieg (sitting war) • Stalin annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; defeats Finland • 1940, Hitler invades Denmark, Norway, then Low Countries

    14. The Fall of France • British, French trapped on Dunkirk; ferried to safety in UK • 1940, Italy invades France from south; Germans approach Paris • France falls; Germans occupy northern France • Nazi puppet government set up in southern France • General Charles de Gaulle sets up government-in-exile in England

    15. The Battle of Britain • Summer 1940, Germany prepares fleet to invade Britain • Battle of Britain—German planes bomb British targets • Britain uses radar to track, shoot down German planes • Hitler calls off invasion of Britain • Germans, British continue to bomb each other’s cities

    16. Luftwaffe bombing raids over Britain - 1940

    17. Roosevelt pushes Congress to pass the cash and carry policy • Germany, Italy and Japan sign a mutual defense treaty, The Tripartite Pact (Axis Powers) • The Selective Service is enacted; boosted defense spending • 1940 Roosevelt proposes the Lend Lease Act • June 1941 Hitler breaks agreement with Soviet Union and invades • Germany sub attacks on U.S. ships • Churchill and Roosevelt meet for the Atlantic Charter- Allied Nations; undeclared naval war with Germany AMERICA MOVES TOWARD WAR

    18. The attack on Pearl Harbor http://www.pbs.org/thewar/detail_5339.htm

    19. A Day that will live in Infamy http://www.pbs.org/thewar/detail_5337.htm

    20. Timeline of Pearl Harbor http://plasma.nationalgeographic.com/pearlharbor/index.html

    21. Bits and Pieces Japan had already invaded China, Manchuria Indochina U. S. cuts off trade with Japan- no fuel or oil Tojo orders navy to prepare for an attack 180 warplanes attack Pearl Harbor Killed 2,403 Americans; sank or damaged 21 ships; including 8 battleships; 300 aircraft damanged Roosevelt addressed Congress, “Yesterday, December 7, 1941 a date that will live in infamy…”