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RTPI London - King’s Cross Regeneration Site London Borough of Camden Bethany Arbery. Camden Well connected Diverse Home to 215,000 3rd highest GDP Creative and Cultural Medical & Educational. Camden - The Local Development Framework Sustainable growth:

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slide1

RTPI London - King’s Cross Regeneration Site

London Borough of Camden

Bethany Arbery

slide2

Camden

  • Well connected
  • Diverse
  • Home to 215,000
  • 3rd highest GDP
  • Creative and Cultural
  • Medical & Educational
slide3
Camden - The Local Development Framework

Sustainable growth:

  • c. 35,000 additional people
  • c. 13,000 additional homes
  • c. 40,000 additional jobs
  • Areas of Growth and areas of restraint
  • Expanded infrastructure
  • Strong emphasis on sustainability

Growth concentrated in key ‘growth areas’

  • King’s Cross
  • Tottenham Court Road
  • Euston
  • Holborn
  • West Hampstead
slide4
King’s Cross – The Story so far
  • Focus of major Transport Investment.
  • Channel Tunnel Rail Link 1993 – 2013;
  • St Pancras Station - Nov 2007;
  • New Thameslink Station;
  • LUL Improvements including Northern Ticket Hall – Nov 2009;
  • Western Concourse and KX Station improvements – 2012/13
  • KX Central – 67 hectares of former railway lands for re-development.
slide6

Timeline:

  • March 2000 - Camden Unitary Development Plan including Kings Cross Chapter  
  • 2001-2004 - Pre-application discussions on KX Central site
  • June 2002 - Kings Cross Camden and Islington Vision
  • Jan 2004 - Kings Cross Planning Brief
  • May 2004 - KX Central applications submitted
  • Sept 2005 - Revision to KX Central applications submitted
  • March 2006 - KX Central considered at LBC DC Committee
  • November 2006 - DC Committee final approval with S106 
  • May 2007 - Judicial review dismissed
  • June 2007 - Implementation of KX Central development
slide7

Outline Permission and Reserved Matters

  • Means of access, siting and landscaping
  • Approved documents include Parameter Plans and Development Speciation which:
    • Define Development Zones (labelled A – V)
    • Uses and maximum floorspace in each zone
    • Building height, scale, massing and plot layouts
    • Servicing, roads and junctions
    • Landscaping and public realm areas
  • Matters of detailed design and external appearance are outstanding and are approved under each Reserved Matters application
slide9

King’s Cross Central – A summary

  • High density 713,090 sqm of mixed use development
  • 1700 homes (750 affordable) plus student accommodation
  • 50 new buildings, 20 new streets, 10 new major public spaces, new use for 20 historic buildings, 400 trees
  • 40% of site is Public Realm or open space
  • 25,000 jobs
  • School, leisure facilities, parks, health care provision, community meeting space and a host of other social and community benefits
  • S106 with 40 heads of terms secured a range of benefits and community obligations.
slide10

S106 – Planning Obligations

  • Employment and training – construction
  • Employment and training – post construction
  • Community enterprise
  • Small business space
  • Local Business Support and local purchasing strategy
  • Business volunteering
  • Social and community fund
  • Community meeting facilities
  • Community safety
  • School and Children’s Centre
  • Supporting local schools
  • Leisure
  • Health
  • Public realm
  • Improvement to adjacent streets and open spaces
  • Public art
  • Camley Street Natural Park/Pedestrian bridge
  • Canal and water space enhancement
  • Implementation panels
  • Access and inclusivity
  • Environmental sustainability, Energy, Construction materials, waste, water
  • Carbon fund
  • Gas holder guide frames
  • Code of construction practice
  • Parking
  • Green travel initiatives
  • Bicycle storage facility
  • Improvement to bus services
  • Cross River Tram
  • Maiden Lane station
  • Nightclubs and casinos
  • Retail
  • Nursing home
  • Housing and Affordable Housing
slide11

Processing Reserved Matters

  • Pro-active, early engagement, collaborative approach
  • Design Panel
  • Access Forum
  • Planning Performance Agreement – timely and quality decisions
  • Fortnightly meetings to ensure overview of progress on site
  • Introducing new officers to the project
slide12

50% of site now has Reserved Matters approval:

North of the Canal

Eastern Goods Yard - new campus for University of the Arts and office/retail space

T1 – CHP energy centre, multi-storey car park, multi-use games area, private and affordable residential, shopping/food and drink uses

J – Open market and affordable housing, shopping/food and drink uses

P1 – Two-form entry school, plus Frank Barnes School for the deaf, market and affordable housing

R2 – Office accommodation with flexible shopping/food & drink uses, small office space and/or exploratory centre

R4 and R5 – Affordable housing including supported housing/extra care facilities with shopping/food and drink uses at ground floor

T6 - Student housing

Regeneration House - offices.

South of the canal

Principal access routes – Goods Way, Station Square, Pancras Square and King’s Boulevard

B1, B2, B4, B6 and B3 - Offices including leisure centre, library and access centre within B3 and bike storage facility and police office in B1.

E1 - offices

Great Northern Hotel – Refurbishment and re-use as a boutique hotel

Shared Zone B basement – Communal servicing facilities for the Zone B building

Preliminary pre-application discussions on a number of other sites include Google (Zone A) and Aka Khan (various plots including T5) .

slide17

King’s Cross Central – The Future

  • Granary Square opened June 2012
  • First affordable housing letting opened July 2012 (R4, R5)
  • Private (J) and Student Housing (T6) to follow in 2013/4
  • First major office (Zone B) buildings south of canal in 2014
  • Estimated completion of new school (P1) and leisure facilities (B3) from 2014/5
  • Estimated 1000 homes on KX Central from 2016/17
  • Estimated final build out of KX Central from 2017/18 onwards
  • Estimated completion around 2020
slide18

Lessons Learnt

  • Outline application approach with reserved matters has worked well. Good balance between certainty and flexibility.
  • Be prepared to allow minor piecemeal changes (deed of variations) to reflect recession and where insufficient capital (and revenue) programmes to deliver council and stakeholders (e.g. RSL’s, PCT) S106 commitments rather than allowing wholesale change and renegotiation of S106.
  • It is good to re-visit elements of scheme where there is scope for improvement, for example T6 was approved as full planning application it being taller than the outline permission.
  • On a more practical side we have found the use of PPAs of benefit to both the developer and the Council, ensuring the deliver of timely and quality decisions on reserved matters and approval of details as well as appropriate monitoring of the delivery of S106 obligations.
  • Our focus is now moving to the wider King’s Cross area i.e. King’s Cross Place Plan.
slide19
King’s Cross - Place Plan

One of 9 areas of focus for place-shaping in Camden

Chosen due to significant change and investment underway and planned

But neighbouring communities among most deprived in Camden and London

Set overall vision for the wider KX area and a set of strategic and tactical interventions

Will address a range of issues including:

Major developments and relationship with existing communities.

Wider opportunities in ‘hinterland’ area (Camley St etc).

Legibility and Pedestrian connectivity (between communities and through the wider area including across Euston Rd).

Links with Euston & High Speed 2.

Community Safety.

Business support and employment

slide20

Granary Square

For more information: www.camden.gov.uk or www.kingscross.co.uk

Contact me: bethany.arbery@camden.gov.uk