Repair Methods of the Window and the Door Structures. Rak-43.3313 Repair Methods of Structures, exercise (4 cr) Esko Sistonen. Legislation. The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED 2012/27/EU) http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2012:315:0001:0056:EN:PDF
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Rak-43.3313 Repair Methods of Structures, exercise (4 cr)
‘Identification of cost-effective approaches to renovations relevant to the building type and climatic zone’.
‘A first version of the strategy shall be published by 30 April 2014 and updated every three years thereafter and submitted to the Commission as part of the National Energy Efficiency Action Plans’.
Water leaking as a result of small inclination of weather strip, and unworkable details (e.g. rip moulding)
The living room ceiling paint flakes off as a result of the structural and window frame leaks
Paint of a boarding of a garage door peels off strongly
a thermographic camera
Inward opening two-leaf three-glass window.
Within the inner two glass vacuum glass element (MSE).
2. Argon gas.
4. Spacing frame filled with moisture absorbing granules.
5. Glass - choice of clear, tinted or opaque. All of these can be standard glass or laminated.
6. Light reflecting.
8. Energy loss.
9. Light received.
10. Room temperature.
11. Temperature retained.
It has got photo-catalytic and hydrophilic properties, and works in two stages:
(Stage 1)The coating reacts with natural daylight to break down and loosen organic dirt
(Stage 2) When it rains, instead of forming droplets, the water spreads evenly over the surface of the glass, forming a thin film and helping to wash away any dirt and reduce streaks.
-Local repair methods
-Maintenance methods: surface treatment,..
-New part on top of the old one
-Demolition of the old one and installing the new one
In conserved building windows repair and renewal to be taken into account:
Appearance of the windows must not be changed. Sometimes not to be added a third glass. In renovations to be used hand-made window glasses, if those have been in the building in the past.
- Installing extra frame
- Glass replacement with thermal glazing
- Installing exchange frame
In completely renew old window structure is removed completely and replaced with a new window. With inlet air vent to be improved ventilation performance.
Typical accessories include:
- Open-air valve installation
- Installation of window blinds as well as
- To install insect screens
Coefficient of thermal transmittance, U [W/m2/K]
Thickness of the insulation layer, d [mm]