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Pictures of the Third Sino-Nordic Women and Gender Studies Conference. Made by: The Gender and Participation Research Center of Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences December 2008. Pictures of the Third Sino-Nordic Women and Gender Studies Conference.
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Made by: The Gender and Participation Research Center of Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences
“The Third Sino-Nordic Women and Gender Studies Conference” was held in Kunming Dianchi Spring Garden from Nov.4th to 7th 2008.Co-organized by Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences, Social Gender and Participatory Office of YASS, Nordic Asian Research Institute and Nordic Center of Fudan University。Undertook by Social Gender and Participatory Office, YASS.
Main theme of the conference is ”Gender at the interface of global and local, from perspectives of China and Nordic countries”.Based on the gender research of China and Nordic countries,the conference analyzed different levels of influence brought about by globalization and also conducted cross culture comparative studies,exchange views on the changing process of globalization and localization, aiming at enable our understanding of similarities and differences from macro and micro perspectives within the social sciences, and to promote future academic cooperation and collaborition.
(The conference obtained funds from: Sweden Bank 300 anniversary Fund, Faculty of Social Sciences Aalborg University, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Nordic Center of Fudan University and Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences.)
Participants of the conference include scholars from: Denmark, Sweden, Norway,U.S and Britain total 20 foreign scholars, also includes experts from Beijing, Shanghai, Wuhan, Changsha, Nangning, Xian, Jinan, Shijiazhuang as well as Yunnan,Guizhou, Guangxi, Hongkong and Taiwan. Experts and scholars from colleges and research institutes in Kunming also attended the conference, total participants accounted for over 100 in person.
Deputy director of the Yunnan Provincial People’s Congress Mr. Yang Baojian presented in the opening ceremony and delivered important speech, he pointed out that Yunnan enjoys unique advantages on developing women and gender research, and great progresses have been achieved in this filed. He also extend warm welcome to scholars in and aboard to carry out research here. He reiterated that women study and gender equality promotion in Yunnan were highly praised by the international world, as early as 8 years ago some overseas scholar commented that at present, there are 3 areas where women study are most active, namely Beijing and Tianjin area, Shanxi Province centered around Xian and Yunnan Province centered around Kunming.
Related to the current situations in and aboard, Chairwomen of Yunnan Provincial Women’s Federation Ms. Hu Youlan briefly introduced gender equality promotion in China and Nordic countries, confirmed achievements that have been made, and pointed out our common challenges in face of globalization.
“The Third Sino-Nordic Women and Gender Studies Conference”lasted for 4 days, in the first two days, in form of keynote speakers conference, discussions centered around 3 major themes...Theme 1 Gendering “Globalization”
Professor Kari Melby from Norway addressed the conference with her speech titled “What is Nordic in the Nordic Gender System?” based on other two research achievements as “Marriage pattern in Nordic countries” and “Politics of Gender Equality and Social Welfare in Scandinavia” respectively, exploring marriage reform in 20th century in Nordic countries.
Professor Birte Siim from Aalborg University discussed “Challenges Presented by Globalization and Migration-combination of gender equality and culture diversity” in her speech. She contributed diversity and inequality within countries and in-between to globalization and increased migration, brought upon new problems for the public policy concerning economics. She highlighted challenges rising from globalization and migration, with special attention to the combination of gender and diversity. She declared there are two objectives for this research. First, rethinking of civil rights and ownership under the global and local relationship and multi-cultural background. Second, discussing gender equality and multi-culture combination under the Nordic background.
This theme include: relationship between women organization and state, grass root women organization and globalization, gender mainstreaming model and reseach of gender issue in China and Nordic countries.
Professor Drude Dahlerup from Stockholm University spoke on “The Global Trend of Gender Quotas-Will the Inclusion of Women Further Democratization?”, pointed out that with increasing appeal for improving women’s political voice, many countries have corrected gender discrimination by adopting electoral gender quotas, which is valuable in achieving gender equality in various kinds of politics, and is precisely where democracy developed.
Professor Tan Lin from Women Research Institute of All China Women’s Federation and Associate Professor Cai Yiping explored around “Women’s Movement and Gender Mainstreaming for States in Transforming Stage”, reviewed advocate actions and women organizations pushing forward gender equality to make it a law in years after 2005, named progresses that have been achieved and seeking for strategies based on wins and losses.
This theme convered women, work and poverty issues under the gobalization, gender and education, increasing change of life style and identity.
Group discussion divided into two, started from Nov.6th, focusing around main objectives and three themes of the conference, with each one going into more indepth exploration.Over 30 participants engaged in the more detailed analysis from wider perspectives to these issue. They introduced themselves or the organizations where they came from, current reseach direction, resesrach projects, methodology as well as findings, thinkings, countermeasures and suggestions.
Discussions in branch groups are extremely open and profoundly explored—each speaker has 15 minutes for presentation, followed by 30 minutes of discussion on the same topic. Questions were coming from different aspects, concrete and in very detail while responds also talking from broader sense without missing the major points. Atmosphere around both tense, warm and active. Speakers enriched and complete their points and participants also get enlightened.
Gui Huimin from Women Development and Rights Research Center of Northwest Industry University addressed on “Transnational Feminism and the Gender Politics of legal Texts-Gender Equality and Equality between Man and Women”.
Zhang Qi from Hua Kun Female Life Investigation Center introduced DVN and UNWDF, advocate signing to join anti-violence against women. Her presentation is titled as “Anti-violence Against Women: Actively Participating in the Network-based Public Advocacy”.
Associate professor Du Xiangyun with Development and Planning Division of Aalborg University delivered a speech named “Feminist Pedagogy on Science and Technology Education– A proposal of the Problem and Project based Learning Approach”. Du pointed out that “popular education for every citizen” is the top strategic choice for knowledge-based social equality, and recommended “popularized science and technology education”
Associate professor Luo Wei with South China Normal University holds the way of nature liberation and women liberation as identical based on eco-feminism in her presentation entitled “An analysis of environmental problem in globalization: perspective of eco-feminism”. She argued that both nature and women are subject to control and exploitation in patriarchy society, the key to solve the environmental problem is to change the commonsense value system and belief sets grounded in the patriarchal rules. According to this, eco-feminism consider environmental problem as social problem, extend relationship change from man-to-nature-man, man-to-society, therefore, criticize the concept of “development” in globalization process.
Yu Qi, a master degree student from Shanghai University in her paper entitled “Criticism of Globalization by Eco-feminist of the Third World-with Vandana Shiva’s Analysis of India’s Green Revolution as an Example” concluded that globalization has intensified he unbalanced development between different countries, widened the gap between rich and the poor, and exerted far-reaching influence on the living environment of different countries, especially he developing countries. In this paper, through the eco-feminist Vandana Shiva’s analysis of the research data on India’s green revolution, find out the way as to how mankind should get oout of the current difficult position and solve the eco-crisis.
Luo Yan, a master degree candidate with Nationality Institute of Yunnan University entitled her paper as “The expansion of the tea under the background of economic globalization-a case for the Mengsong village in Jinghong”. In this paper, the author takes Mengsong Village in Jinghong City of Xishuangbanna as an example, which is involved in “Pu’er Myth”, uses the theory of ecology anthropology, eco-feminine to reveal how the process of marketability and economic globalization aggravates local ecological and social vulnerability.
Associate professor Hilda Roemer Christensen with Copenhagen University take “Gender mainstreaming, women’s movements and equality for all-Europe as a laboratory of the world?” as her topic, arguing gender mainstreaming as a core equality strategy in the context of women’s movements and he equality for all campaign launched by the European Union in 2007. The focus will be on the dynamic and innovative processes between the women’s movements/NGOs and the political and administrative levels both at the EU and at national levels. She asked whether current strategies of gender mainstreaming and equality mainstreaming enforce or counteract each other.
Zhao Jie , director of the Gender and Participation Research Center of Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences titled her paper as “Gender and Development in Yunnan: At Interface of the Global and Local”. Relating to gender and development in Yunnan, focusing on: 1.who they are, concerning gender issues and activities carried out in Yunnan under the flag of gender equality. She asked questions as which organizations or agencies are they belonging to –UN, district, country, community, grass-root level? Or what else? 2. which strategies and approaches are they applying? Reproductive health promotion, against violence based on gender discrimination, female political participation or environment development to do GAD 3. what GAD’s impact are, what changes have happened on people and on society in terms of gender system involving consciousness, behaviors and social relationship or individual identity. Reflecting GAD in Yunnan, what are the final results and what are the conditions for its existence to sustained in root level.
“Women In-between: Global Enterprises and Local Women Workers in Asia” was written by Ragnhild Lund and Merete Lie from Aalborg University
Presentation for professor Shen Haimei with Yunnan University is on “International NGO Projects and Women Development in Yunnan”. Based on the review of the historical process of international NGOs projects in Yunnan, such as community comprehensive development and women needs, women reproductive health, micro-loan for women, women headship building, female immigrant and women rights project etc, from the challenges of NGOs in Yunnan, tries to give response to the theme of globalization and localization, and understand the significance of globalization in GAD field.
Fang Gang with Beijing Forestry University take “Reconstructing Masculinities and Male Participation under Internationalization Background” to consider the problem of social gender in the aspect of masculinities study. He argues that during the process of advancing the social gender equality, males participating is not enough. Globalization provided the opportunity for the transformation of Chinese masculinities. He puts forward that male participation should be encouraged both with rules and regulations and with individual method. He proposed concepts as “male consciousness”, “male emancipation”, “duality of Male Consciousness”, claiming that males should be called to be conscious of harms conventional hegemonic masculinities have done to both males and females, and only when such consciousness and emancipation be based on the awareness of the fact that , under patriarchal culture and system, females bear grater oppression can the advance of gender equality be guaranteed.
Professor Zhang Liming from Yunnan University take his paper entitled “Rethinking gender mainstreaming in China on the background of globalization” to demonstrate three phases gender mainstreaming has been through in China, heated women studies, heated women program and heated public policy analysis respectively in China. He also reflected in the gender mainstreaming experience in China, and put forward his own points on promoting the level and improving quality of gender mainstreaming.
Professor Luo Xiaoge talked about Jiangyong Women’s Script-Nu Shu, also called “female characters” in her paper named “The relationship between grassroots organizations of women and globalization”. The so-called character is well beyond understanding of men, exclusively handed down among women and pronounced by standard of local dialect, find only in the border between Human and Guangxi. She take “Nu Shu” as an example, focusing on the relationship between grass-root organization of women and globalization from 3 aspects as: Jingyong Women’s Script, the natural way of life among non-governmental sworn sisters, the excavation and influence casted on the script by female research groups and academic societies in the context of globalization, the ecological protection to the script under the project of international fund.
Vice chairperson of Hunan Provincial Women’s Federation Xiao Bailing introduced experience of Hunan WF in promoting the gender mainstreaming in her paper entitled “The strategies and thoughts in promoting the gender mainstreaming of women’s federation in the background of globalization- A case study of promoting rural women political participation in Hunan Province”. This strategy involved investigation and data analysis to affect policy-making process, providing suggestions for government decision-making, proposed new ideas, create environment, strengthening cooperation to further tackle political problems to protect women’s rights and interests.
Wen Yiqun with GPRC of YASS pointed out in her paper entitled “The participation in politics for rural women in the transition period in China” that history is destined to have rural women participate in public affairs administration, and raising awareness of participation in politics and capacity building for rural women have become pressing task. She argues that the number of women officials is not the only measure for women’s participation in politics, regulation should also be put into place, in addition to build hidden social support system. Ordinary women and men are also part of the solution.
Professor Ann-Dorte Christensen introduced notion of belong in her paper named “Belonging and Unbelonging in an Intersectional Perspective”. It has been used in many way to constitute gender, citizenship and globalization in recent years. She both introduced theory framework in the first part and explored belonging and unbelonging based on case studies in Denmark.
Huan Yujie with Shanghai Population and Development Research Center presented her paper “The impact of government participation on floating women population’s social integration”. Pointed out that women floating population are increasing at a fantastic speed. Social belongingness have been greatly increased due to government involvement in areas of reproduction and health care. Floating rural women ranked high than average men in terms of satisfactory with residential place and willingness to stay, therefore, it is an important way for government to provide social public services to help them acquire a sense of belongingness.
In her article entitled “Female Migration in the Context of Globalization in China-Margined and Development”, Professor Wang Jufen with Social Development and Public Policy Institute of Fudan University applied part of the research data from “women floating and migration in globalization” cooperated between Fudan University and Norway Science and Technology Institute to analyze effects on women and their families from floating and migration.
Topic for professor Wang Qi with Oslo University is “Intersectionality-Gender, Class and Ethnicity in China and the Nordic Countries”, in which the author talked the notion of intersectionality and gender, class and ethnicity in China and Nordic countries in the face of growing globalization. It argues that both socialist China and Nordic welfare states have created a homogeneous “welfare-receiver community”. In socialist China, it was the population of urban registration and in Nordic countries is was the natives. Although to certain degree and in certain scope gender inequality still exists in both, members of the “welfare-receiving community”, both men and women, enjoy state protection and welfare service. In face of globalization, however, world economy has propelled capital, manpower flow and labor migration, resulting in cross-regional and cross-national re-embedment of individuals. In China the major challenge is how to deal with the rural population which was outside the state designated “welfare-receiver community” but members of it are now physically working in urban cities, while in Nordic countries the question is how to incorporate immigrants of various nationalities/religions into the secular Nordic welfare and citizenship regime that the native people are proud of.
Assistant researcher Yang Jing take literature of the Annual Meeting of Gender and Development in China Network as an example in her article named “The Travelling of Gender in China: Absorption and Elimination” to discuss gender theory travelling in China from four aspects: the geographical route, meaning track, localization and the role of the intellectuals respectively. She pointed out that the travelling in China is a process of both absorption and elimination.
Professor Anette Borchorst with Aalborg University briefed on “Scandinavian Welfare Policies, Gender Equality and Globalization.
Research fellow Wu Ga with Tourism and Management Institute of Hong Kong Chinese University addressed on “Cross-Disciplinary Literature on Gender and Civil Society in the Globalized Era: Classification”.
Doctor physician Chen Liang and Li Qiong with Yunnan Yuxi Disease Prevention and Control Center introduced “Hongta District HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Project for Female Migrant Workers”, which is of practical and expansion value.
Deputy director of GPRC of YASS Dr. Du Juan presented her paper entitled “Studies on Factors of Influencing female sex workers to use Female Condom”.
Director of Social Work Department of Chinese Women’s Institute, Shandong Branch Li Guiyan argues in her “Equal Education for Girls from Gender Perspectives” that boy student and girl student are not equal yet in terms of educational objective, opportunity, content, resource, strategy and result. Realization of this should start with increased educational investment, improved educational model, enhanced teaching staff and let girl student actively playing an important role.
Assistant Researcher with Yunnan Nationality University Wu Chengri introduced her paper entitled “Yunnan Muslim Women Mosques and Reflection”. Through investigations and visits to this mosques, and based on the understanding that mosque culture worked on moral and physical body of women, she pointed out that gender development in Muslim world facing a number of risks, including western hegemony and market economy. She also contribute ideology of family life to a series of beliefs and practices.
Professor Birte Siim from Aalborg University delivered her speech entitled “The Challenges from Globalization and Migration-he intersections of gender equality and cultural diversity”.
Division Chief Zheng Xiaoyun with Scientific and Research Department of Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences addressed the meeting with his paper entitled “The Ethnic Cultural Reconstruction under the Globalization: Topic on Dai Women in Yunnan China”. He reiterated globalization and ethnic culture as a pair of interactive relationship. Effects from globalization will resulted in reconstructed ethnic culture and also brings new opportunities for development. In the process, the point is how to reconstruct? In case of Dai women, grasp opportunities brought about by globalization based on traditional culture will make development a real difference.
Director Jiang Yabin with Yunnan Provincial Social Sciences Association presented his paper entitled “Actively Participate or Passively Accept?” He introduced a story of development in Yuanyang County’s minority women with respect to the influence of China’s opening up policy and tourism promotion. Reveal different development opportunities brought about by different attitudes, and further explored different effects towards various culture as a result of globalization and social change.
Doctor degree candidate Pan Chunmei presented on “Women’s Status in Modern Context and Women’s Role in Qing Kou Village of Hani Minority”. She elaborated on whether “women status” is a “pure fact” or a “modern constitution” in theory, and presented women status in different contents and forms. Applying to Qing Kou Village case, she revealed insights of constitution in terms of theory and in practice to help with better understanding in common social practices.
The Third Sino-Nordic Women and Gender Studies Conference was formally declared close on Nov. 7th at 12pm, chaired by Professor Min Dongchao with Shanghai University.
The Third Sino-Nordic Women and Gender Studies Conference was formally closed in the Internatinale
(Composed & Made by：Wen Yiqun, Li Hanjing, Zhao Juan)