Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
CARD GENERAL MEETING Tokyo, 3th-4th of JUNE 2009 --------- Presentation of the National Strategy for the Developpement of Rice in Cameroon Tobie ONDOA MANGA Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Cameroon . Plan of the expose. 1- Summary 2- Introduction
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Tokyo, 3th-4th of JUNE 2009
Presentation of the National Strategy for the Developpement of Rice in Cameroon
Tobie ONDOA MANGA
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development,
Several rural development policies have been put in place according to the economic situations
* Five year development plans
Between 1970 and 1990, to counter problems of food insecurity, State support for irrigated rice farming (17 000 ha developed and managed by state corporations).
* The SAP with the disengagement of the State saw a collapse of the production of rice due to lack of support for the corporations
* Today: the production of rice can satisfy only approximately 20% domestic demand because:
Of an insufficient support of other types of rice farming at low production costs.
The strategy of development of the rural sector revolves around four axes:
Its implementation, suffers from an insufficiency of resources.
The cereal imports witness an increase of 4% per annum because of the evolution of the feeding practices over the last years.
Types of actors of the sector
Researchers: employ themselves in the generation of knowledge and technologies and their experimentation, the training of the actors of development, the development of teaching supports and the production of pre-base seeds.
Multipliers of seeds: active in a contractual way around the perimeters farms of development corporations,
Suppliers of equipment: generally local craftsmen having average logistics to satisfy the local requests. Also, certain producers prefer to resort to service providers for the operations of ploughing, harvesting and hulling.
The rice growers around the perimeters of corporations have access to land through the payment of a royalty and fertilizers to tradesmen. Some are obliged to contract appropriations of inputs which they pay back in kind at a rate of 3 to 4 bags of paddy for a bag of fertilizer
The majority of the producers in these perimeters exploit parcels of an average size of a half to a quarter of hectare.
Corporations own land which they put at the disposal of the rice growers against payment of rights of exploitation.
Transformers and tradesmen: the private ones exist since 1990, their functions in the past were carried out by the farming companies. The transformation is done with small de-hullers or with the wood mortar.
Tradesmen: the producers sell their rice in the form of paddy or hulled. More and more, they have recourse to their local organizations if they exist; this confers on them a better ability to negotiation with producers.
Question of the type of production, the transformation and marketing: Rice production concerns both the men as well as the women because it requires much labour.
The retail sale of the milled rice is ensured by women in the rural and urban markets whereas the sale of paddy out of bags is carried by the men who are heads of households.
(research, popularization, tally legislative and lawful…)
The rice cultivation is practiced in almost all the regions of Cameroon.
The potentials of output in irrigated rice farming exceed the 8 tons per hectare. For rain-fed cultivation, outputs of 5 tons to the hectare are obtained particularly in flooded valleys .
Identification of institutional and political challenges and opportunities
the SNDR initiated by the State since 2008, was discussed in February 2009 with the actors of the rice sector, after the support of CARD to its formulation. and presented on April 7 2009 to the Technical and Financial Partners of the rural sector with a favorable reception.
It proposes to reduce gradually and to eliminate rice imports by the improvement of the production and the competitiveness of local rice.
To this end, it aims:
(i) production on a large scale of the certified rice seeds by the private sector and of the seeds controlled by the peasants through the Community seed systems;
(ii) the modernization of the apparatus of production through light mechanization and the efficient use of the inputs;
(iii) the organization of the sector through the promotion of the organizations of producers and the installation of multi-actors and multi-institutional platforms;
(iv) the durable management of the water resources and land through good farming methods;
(v) the cover the national needs and in the long term the conquer regional markets
(vi) the promotion of employment in rural areas in particular for the women and the young people.
the price objective is the drop in the marketing and production costs in order to make local rice competitive compared to the imported rice in the great centers of consumption.
As for marketing, stress will be laid on a drop in transport charges in particular the reduction of the costs of approach.
The Prospects for productions and outputs of rice over the 10 next years are given in the table on the following page.
Marketing and distribution of fertilizers:
Irrigation et investments for the control of water:
-- support producer organisation in the management of installations;
Access and maintenance of the agricultural equipment:
Dissemination of the results of research and reinforcement of the capacities:
- siftings of the NERICA rice varieties to identify the most adapted.
Support with the structuring and the professionnalisation:
Access to appropriations of adapted financing:
putting in place credit lines for the financing of the activities of production and marketing of the rice and hence a reliable information system; the organization of marketing and quality control for importation.