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Word Knowledge.  Pronunciation(s)  Meaning(s)  Grammatical category(ies)  Spelling(s) (if you are literate)  Relationship(s) with other similar words  Idioms containing it  Collocations  How to use it in sentences  Morphology.

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word knowledge
Word Knowledge

 Pronunciation(s)

 Meaning(s)

 Grammatical category(ies)

 Spelling(s) (if you are literate)

 Relationship(s) with other similar words

 Idioms containing it

 Collocations

 How to use it in sentences

 Morphology

Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2011. An Introduction to Language, 9th edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, pp. 37-38.

limited vocabulary knowledge
Limited Vocabulary Knowledge

plan

contact with vs. contact NO WITH

star

geyser

vocabulary size
Vocabulary Size

Number of words:

 1 1/2 year old: 20-50

 Six-year-old: 13,000

 High school graduate: about 60,000

 College student: more

Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2014. An Introduction to Language, 10th edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, p. 33.

word boundary problems
Word Boundary Problems

Mairzy doats and dozy doats

And liddle lamzy divey;

A kiddley-divey too,

Wouldn’t you?

Mares eat oats and does eat oats,

And little lambs eat ivy;

A kid’ll eat ivy too,

Wouldn’t you?

Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2003. An Introduction to Language, 7th edition. Boston, MA: Thomson Wadsworth, p. 70.

words spoken in context
Words Spoken in Context

you

See you (later).

Did you go?

Did you eat that already?

Did you eat yet?

No, did you?

dictionary types
Dictionary Types

General

Monolingual

Bilingual

Etc

Specialized

For computers

For business

For chemistry

For engineering

For linguistics

Etc

Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2011. An Introduction to Language, 9th edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, p. 38.

morphology
Morphology

“The study of the internal structure of

words, and of the rules by which words

are formed, is morphology.”

Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2014. An Introduction to Language, 10th edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, p. 37.

morpheme
Morpheme

“A morpheme—the minimal linguistic sign—is thus an arbitrary union of a sound and a meaning (or grammatical function) that cannot be further analyzed.”

Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2014. An Introduction to Language, 10th edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, p. 38.

examples of morphemes
Examples of Morphemes

1 boy

1 desire

2 boy ish

2 desire able

3 boy ish ness

3 desire able ity

4 gentle man li ness

4 un desire able ity

7? anti dis establish ment ari an ism

Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2014. An Introduction to Language, 10th edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, p. 38.

bound morphemes
Bound Morphemes

Affixes

Prefixes

Suffixes

(Infixes)

(Circumfixes)

Roots

Stems

unaffixed bound roots
Unaffixed Bound Roots

“It had been a rough day, so when I walked into the party I was very chalant, despite my efforts to appear gruntled and consolate. I was furling my wieldy umbrella…when I saw her…. She was a descript person…. Her hair was kempt, her clothing shevelled, and she moved in a gainly way.” [Emphasis added]

“How I Met My Wife,” by Jack Winter. The New Yorker, July 25, 1994. Reprinted in Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2014. An Introduction to Language, 10th edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, p. 43.

english inflectional affixes
English Inflectional Affixes

VERB

-s

-ing

-ed

-en

NOUN

-s

-’s

ADJECTIVE

-er

-est

Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman & Nina Hyams. 2014. An Introduction to Language, 10th edition. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, pp. 46-47.

next week s prize puzzle
Next Week’s Prize Puzzle

Give me an example IN CHINESE of (Prize for first answer for each):

1. A Character that is NOT a Morpheme (Usually they are.)

2. A Morpheme that is NOT a Syllable (Only one exception.)

3. An Infix in Chinese (There are maybe 3)

chinese characters words
Chinese Characters / Words

1 Chinese character =

1 morpheme (usually)

1 Chinese character =

1 syllable (1 exception)

1 Chinese word =

1 or more morphemes/characters