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Welcome to “WiSE” (Workshops in Speaking English) Tonight: “American” food Led by Brea Barthel What is “American” food? That’s hard to answer! America is a nation of immigrants Many different cooking styles Regional specialties

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welcome to wise workshops in speaking english
Welcome to “WiSE”(Workshops in Speaking English)

Tonight:

“American” food

Led by Brea Barthel

what is american food
What is “American” food?

That’s hard to answer!

  • America is a nation of immigrants
  • Many different cooking styles
  • Regional specialties
  • Eating habits change through time (low-carbohydrate; vegetarian; etc.)
where do americans eat meals
Where do Americans eat meals?
  • Cooking at home
  • “Ordering in” (having food delivered)
  • Take-out (or getting food “to go”; picked up at a restaurant)
  • Fast food (eaten in the car or in the “fast-food joint”)
  • Eating out at a restaurant
americans often eat on the run
Americans often eat “on the run”

Source: Marketing study cited in CNN, 10/4/05 (http://money.cnn.com/2005/10/04/news/funny/takeout/)

so what is american food
So what is “American” food?

Dinners for white, working-class Euro-American families often include:

  • Meat (often in large pieces)
  • Potatoes
  • A vegetable (often canned)
  • A salad of lettuce & tomato
  • Dessert (ice cream, pie, or cookies)
potatoes
Potatoes?!
  • French fries
  • Potato chips
  • Mashed
  • Home fries
  • Hash browns
  • Scalloped
  • Baked
  • And more!

photo:

http://waynesword.palomar.edu/vege1.htm

potatoes8
Potatoes!!
  • Americans 2-19 years old receive 40 percent of their calories from fat and added sugar.
  • French fries would be the most common vegetable eaten…
  • But are potatoes a vegetable?
  • Yes, according to the US Department of Agriculture.
  • The USDA proclaimed French fries a vegetable in 2004!

Sources: Jan 04 Journal of the American Dietetic Association (15-24 month-olds); USA Today 6/15/04 (USDA); http://vitamindiscount.com/newsroom/pressreleases/pr20030102.cfm(2-19)

so how do you order in an american restaurant
So how do you order in an American restaurant?
  • That depends on the type of restaurant
  • Let’s assume you are going out to a nice sit-down restaurant
  • Your dinner may have a few “courses”
  • Here are some things to consider…
courses of a dinner
“Courses” of a dinner
  • Appetizer: small “nibbles” to eat while you wait for the main meal
  • Soup
  • Salad
  • “Entrée” (main dish, usually meat or fish)
  • “Side dishes” with the entree (potatoes, vegetables)
  • Dessert
but first cost considerations
But first: cost considerations
  • Sometimes the entrée price includes salad and/or side dishes
  • Sometimes other items are paid for separately (or “a la carte”)
  • Drinks are usually “extra”
  • For sit-down meals, you should leave a tip of 15% of the total price
lots of choices
Lots of choices!
  • Soup? Cup or bowl?
  • Entrée? How prepared? (rare, medium, or well-done; baked or broiled)
  • Salad? Which “salad dressing”? (French, Italian, Russian, Blue Cheese, Honey Mustard, or others)
  • Potatoes? What kind? (French fries, baked, mashed)
  • Baked potato? With or without “sour cream”?
  • Coffee? Regular or decaf? Black, cream, or sugar?
  • Pie? Plain or “a la mode” (with ice cream)?
examples
Examples

In a fancy restaurant:

  • “I’d like the London Broil [a cut of beef]with a baked potato, no sour creamand Italian dressing for the salad.”

Or, the more likely meal out:

  • “Give me a Whopper with medium fries & a Coke.”
fancy restaurants have lots of dishes and utensils
Fancy restaurants have lots of dishes and utensils!
  • Salad fork
  • Dinner fork
  • Dinner plate
  • Knife
  • Soup spoon
  • Teaspoon
  • Salad plate
  • Soup bowl
  • Cup & saucer
  • [“Bread & Butter” plate and glass not shown]
related terms
Related terms
  • Banquet: fanciest type of sit-down meal
  • Sit-down dinner: Food is served ahead of time on the plate, and delivered to your table
  • Buffet: Food is in bowls on a side table, and you help yourself
  • Family Style: Food is in bowls that you “pass around,” usually clockwise
  • Picnic: Outdoor informal meal, often with hot dogs or hamburgers
  • “Pot Luck”: a buffet meal where the guests each bring a “dish” to share
dining etiquette expected behavior
Dining “etiquette” (expected behavior)
  • Place your napkin on your lap before you start to eat; put it on the table when you’re done.
  • Keep your mouth closed when you chew
  • Swallow before you speak
  • Usually keep your fork in the left hand to cut, but the right hand to eat
  • The knife usually rests across the top of your plate after the first time you use it.
  • Always say thank you to your host
  • Always tip your waiter after a sit-down meal
it s time for you to talk
It’s time for you to talk!
  • Practice ordering a meal at Friendly’s restaurant.

Or:

  • What are meals like in your country?
  • Have you eaten at an American’s house?
  • Have you eaten in an American-style restaurant?
  • Or, talk about anything!