The Early Middle Ages. 7 th to the 10 th Century Roman Empire Decline German Invasions Affecting Artistic Development and Other Radical Changes in Social & Political Organizations In addition to the German invasions were those from Islam. Islamic Art. Idolatry forbidden
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7th to the 10th Century
Roman Empire Decline
German Invasions Affecting Artistic Development and Other
Radical Changes in Social &Political Organizations
In addition to the German invasions were those from Islam.
A place to pray and face towards Mecca
Sahn: enclosed courtyard that all mosques have.
Qibla: prayer wall
Mihrab: small nitche to indicate the direction of Mecca.
Large and elaborateIslamic Art Expressions
Hagia Sophia changed into a mosque
(11.1,11.2, 11.3 & 11.4)
Christians later turned this into a cathedral but it still conveys the original orientation of Islam.
SuttonHoo purse cover from East Anglia, England, 630 AD
Merging animal forms suggest invasion
Famed was this Beowulf: far flew the boast of him,son of Scyld, in the Scandian lands.So becomes it a youth to quit him wellwith his father's friends, by fee and gift,that to aid him, aged, in after days,come warriors willing, should war draw nigh,liegemen loyal: by lauded deedsshall an earl have honor in every clan.
Lion Symbol of St. John, from the Book of Durrow, After AD650. Represents St. John, Evangelist as a lion . . . .later an eagle.
11.7 Tunc Crucifixerant XPI, from the Book of Kells (Matthew 27:38) Then they crucified Christ & with him two thieves
11.8 Four Evangelists, from a Carolingian Gospel Book
Plans for monstery of St.Gall, Switzerland; plan placed church in the center; building around in order of importance of education