SUMBER HUKUM INTERNASIONAL. Iman Prihandono, S.H., MH., LL.M. Sumber Hukum. Materiil : bahan-bahan/materi yang membentuk atau melahirkan kaidah atau norma yang mempunyai kekuatan mengikat; dan menjadi acuan bagi terjadinya sebuah perbuatan hukum.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Iman Prihandono, S.H., MH., LL.M
Article 38 (1) of the ICJ Statute
The Court, whose function is to decide in accordance with international law such disputes as are submitted to it, shall apply:
VCLT (1969), art. 53, treaty menjadi batal bila bertentangan dengan norm of general international law. Maka, bukan hierarkis, tapi:
Sumber hukum utama/primer :
Sumber hukum tambahan/subsidier :
Art. 38(1)(b) Statuta ICJ: “International Custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law”
USSR, Breznev Doctrine (1968) Vs. US, Grenada Intervention (1983)
“International Custom, as evidence of a general practice accepted as law”
The Lotus Case (1927) “conscious of having a duty to abstain”.
The Asylum Case (1950)
North Sea Continental Shelf Cases (1969) “reservation to a treaty”.
North Sea Continental Shelf Cases (1969)
The Anglo-Norwegian Fisheries Case (1951): Persistent Objector Vs. Subsequent Objector
Hukum Kebiasaan Internasional (2)
Perjanjian Internasional (1)
VCLT (1969) Art. 2:
“ An international agreement concluded between states in written form and governed by international law, whether embodied in a single instrument or in two or more related instruments and whatever its particular designation”
a. Negara, VCLT (1969) Art. 2(1)a
b. OI, VCOI(1986) Art. 2(1)a
Treaty contract / Contractual treaties:
Contoh: Perjanjian ekstradisi, Perjanjian Kerjasama Keamanan, Perjanjian Perbatasan.
Law Making Treaty:
VCLT Art. 34 Vs. The UN Charter Art. 2(6)
Art. 38(1)(c) “The General Principles of law recognized by civilized nations”.
Art. 38(1)(d) ICJ Statute: Subject to the provisions of Article 59, judicial decisions and the teachings of the most highly qualified publicists of the various nations, as subsidiary means for the determination of rules of law.
Anglo-Norwegian Fisheries Case (1951), measuring T. Sea
Mare clausum (John Selden) (battle of books)
Draft articles on Responsibility of States for internationally wrongful acts adopted by the International Law Commission at its fifty-third session (2001)
Elimination of the Forms of Racial Discrimination Convention (1963)