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Spatial Distance Affects Implicit Impressions of Others SoYon Rim, James S. Uleman, and Yaacov Trope Department of Psychology, New York University RESULTS CONCLUSIONS INTRODUCTION METHODS Integrating two research domains…
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SoYon Rim, James S. Uleman, and Yaacov Trope
Department of Psychology, New York University
Integrating two research domains…
Spontaneous Trait Inferences (STIs) (Uleman, Newman, & Moskowitz, 1996)
Ex. She solved the mystery halfway through the book. (infer clever)
Construal Level Theory (CLT) (Trope & Liberman, 2003)
We hypothesized that perceivers form more STIs about spatially distant others than about spatially near others from identical behavioral information.
Two possible alternative hypotheses:
Could perceived familiarity or similarity to target actors explain the results?
Some behavioral sentences imply traits and others explicitly contain traits:
Phase 2: Ps shown actor-trait pairs and asked to determined whether the trait was explicitly present in the sentence they read about the actor in the photo earlier
Further Questions to Explore:
Sample actor/behavior pair
He returned the lost wallet with all the money in it.
Sample actor/trait pair
Fujita, K., Henderson, M. D., Eng, J., Trope, Y., & Liberman, N. (2006). Spatial distance and mental construal of social events. Psychological Science, 17(4), 278-282.
Todorov, A., & Uleman, J. S. (2002). Spontaneous trait inferences are bound to actors’ faces: Evidence from a false recognition paradigm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1051-1065.
Trope, Y., & Liberman, N. (2003). Temporal construal. Psychological Review, 110, 403-421.
Uleman, J. S., Newman, L. S., & Moskowitz, G. B. (1996). People as flexible interpreters: evidence and issues from spontaneous trait inferences. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 28, pp. 211-279). San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 211-279.
Participants: 45 NYU undergraduates
Procedure: False Recognition Paradigm (Todorov & Uleman, 1994)
Phase 1: Ps memorized photographs paired with behavioral sentences under 1 of 2 distance manipulation instructions:
Spatially Distant Condition: Actor/behavior pairs are NYU students studying abroad in Florence, Italy
Spatially Near Condition: Actor/behavior pairs are NYU students studying in Manhattan, NY
***Spatial distance manipulation developed and validated by Fujita, Henderson, Eng, Trope, & Liberman, 2006
As expected, Ps in the spatially distant condition falsely recognized implied traits to a greater extent than Ps in the spatially near condition, F(1,39) = 11.53, p<.005.
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