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Spatial Distance Affects Implicit Impressions of Others SoYon Rim, James S. Uleman, and Yaacov Trope Department of Psychology, New York University RESULTS CONCLUSIONS INTRODUCTION METHODS Integrating two research domains…
SoYon Rim, James S. Uleman, and Yaacov Trope
Department of Psychology, New York University
Integrating two research domains…
Spontaneous Trait Inferences (STIs) (Uleman, Newman, & Moskowitz, 1996)
Ex. She solved the mystery halfway through the book. (infer clever)
Construal Level Theory (CLT) (Trope & Liberman, 2003)
We hypothesized that perceivers form more STIs about spatially distant others than about spatially near others from identical behavioral information.
Two possible alternative hypotheses:
Could perceived familiarity or similarity to target actors explain the results?
Some behavioral sentences imply traits and others explicitly contain traits:
Phase 2: Ps shown actor-trait pairs and asked to determined whether the trait was explicitly present in the sentence they read about the actor in the photo earlier
Further Questions to Explore:
Sample actor/behavior pair
He returned the lost wallet with all the money in it.
Sample actor/trait pair
Fujita, K., Henderson, M. D., Eng, J., Trope, Y., & Liberman, N. (2006). Spatial distance and mental construal of social events. Psychological Science, 17(4), 278-282.
Todorov, A., & Uleman, J. S. (2002). Spontaneous trait inferences are bound to actors’ faces: Evidence from a false recognition paradigm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1051-1065.
Trope, Y., & Liberman, N. (2003). Temporal construal. Psychological Review, 110, 403-421.
Uleman, J. S., Newman, L. S., & Moskowitz, G. B. (1996). People as flexible interpreters: evidence and issues from spontaneous trait inferences. In M. P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 28, pp. 211-279). San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 211-279.
Participants: 45 NYU undergraduates
Procedure: False Recognition Paradigm (Todorov & Uleman, 1994)
Phase 1: Ps memorized photographs paired with behavioral sentences under 1 of 2 distance manipulation instructions:
Spatially Distant Condition: Actor/behavior pairs are NYU students studying abroad in Florence, Italy
Spatially Near Condition: Actor/behavior pairs are NYU students studying in Manhattan, NY
***Spatial distance manipulation developed and validated by Fujita, Henderson, Eng, Trope, & Liberman, 2006
As expected, Ps in the spatially distant condition falsely recognized implied traits to a greater extent than Ps in the spatially near condition, F(1,39) = 11.53, p<.005.
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