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Shakespeare (1564-1616). Shakespeare. Actor and playwright Theatrical company Globe Theatre Stockholder Greatest plays produced here Burned in 1613. During performance of Henry 8th - cannon went off. Globe Theatre. Enclosed space with partial roof Seat as many as 2500

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shakespeare
Shakespeare
  • Actor and playwright
  • Theatrical company
  • Globe Theatre
    • Stockholder
    • Greatest plays produced here
    • Burned in 1613
  • During performance of Henry 8th - cannon went off
globe theatre
Globe Theatre
  • Enclosed space with partial roof
  • Seat as many as 2500
  • 3 galleries of seats around 3 sides
  • Platform stage extending from rear wall
  • Groundlings
  • Intimate atmosphere
globe theatre1
Globe Theatre
  • Trapdoors
  • Inner stage
  • Upper stage
  • Simple scenery
  • Elaborate costumes
  • Female roles by boys
  • Elaborate sound effects
shakespeare s greatness
Shakespeare’s Greatness
  • Deep understanding of human nature
  • Knowledge in a wide variety of subjects
  • Influence on language
    • Freely experimented with grammar, vocabulary
    • Created words:
      • Shakespeare invented the word "assassination".
    • Originated phrases:
      • The Bard coined the phrase, "the beast with two backs" meaning intercourse in his play Othello.
slide8

Shakespeare added suffixes and prefixes, changed nouns to verbs, verbs to nouns, and verbs to adjectives. Below are some words that he created:

  • academe accused addiction advertising
  • Amazement arouse assassination backing
  • bandit bedroom beached besmirch
  • birthplace blanket bloodstained
  • barefaced blushing bet bump buzzer
  • caked cater champion circumstantial
  • cold-blooded compromise courtship countless
  • critic dauntless

http://www.op97.k12.il.us/LAB/shakespeare/words/shakewords.html

a note on reading shakespeare
A Note on Reading Shakespeare
  • Keep track of characters from list
  • Poetic language - read slowly & carefully
  • Pay attention to the annotations
  • Listen to recording; read summary; view a video
othello

OTHELLO

By

William

Shakespeare

iago s motives
Iago’s Motives
  • Ambition
  • Envy of Cassio’s promotion
  • Sexual jealousy of Othello
  • Profit from robbing Roderigo
  • Pleasure of deceiving Roderigo and Othello
iago s motives1
Iago’s Motives
  • Sexual jealousy of Cassio
  • Love for Desdemona
  • Hatred of Cassio’s handsomeness
  • Hatred of Othello
  • “Motiveless malignity”
slide13
Iago
  • Intelligent
  • Cunning
  • Capable of tempting and controlling characters around him
  • Villain without conscience
  • Diabolically evil while appearing to be honest, trustworthy
slide14
Iago
  • Reduces human nature to its least attractive traits
  • Coarse, blunt
  • Suspicious view of human nature - allows him to locate weakness in others; encourage its dominance of whole personality
iago s techniques for deception
Iago’s Techniques for Deception
  • Instigates others to act
  • Pretends to speak only out of the best motives
  • Works through insinuation rather than through explicit lies
othello1
Othello
  • Greatness
  • Tragic hero
  • Virtues carried to excess
    • Loves - “too well”
    • Trusts - too much
    • Great sense of moral virtue - punishes sin
    • Sensitive nature - vivid fantasies
othello2
Othello
  • “Free and open nature”
  • “Constant, loving, noble nature”
  • Energetic
  • Desire for perfection
  • Trusting
othello s insecurities
Othello’s Insecurities
  • HIS BLACKNESS
    • A Moor (North Africa)
    • Negative stereotyping by other characters
      • Lascivious
      • Unnatural mate for white woman
      • Practitioner of black magic
othello s insecurities1
Othello’s Insecurities
  • HIS LACK OF SOPHISTICATION
    • Not a native of Venice
    • At home on battlefield, not in sophisticated Venetian society
    • Lacks self-confidence
    • Trusts Iago’s view
othello s insecurities2
Othello’s Insecurities
  • HIS AGE
    • Older than Desdemona
    • Iago plays on this insecurity
slide21
Iago
  • Manipulates all minor and major characters
  • Plays upon their individual weaknesses
  • Makes them instruments in his scheme to deceive Othello
desdemona
Desdemona
  • Admirable
  • Self-contained
  • Speaks forcefully and to the point when she confronts her father
  • Speaks playfully with Iago while waiting for Othello’s ship
desdemona1
Desdemona
  • Is known for her innocence, purity
  • Can plead for Cassio - but not for herself
  • Dutiful, obedient
  • Can be regarded as model Elizabethan wife
dramatic irony
Dramatic Irony
  • Characters’ belief in Iago’s honesty
  • Othello’s belief in Desdemona’s guilt
confidant e serves a major character as a friend
Confidant(e) - serves a major character as a friend
  • Emilia - confidante to Desdemona
  • Roderigo - confidant to Iago
foil illuminates a more important character
Foil - illuminates a more important character
  • Emilia, Bianca - foils to Desdemona
  • Cassio - foil to Iago
time of play
Time of Play
  • Concentration of time
  • Othello elopes with Desdemona; same night takes ship for Cyprus
  • Cassio disgraced 1st night after arrival in Cyprus
  • Desdemona killed 2nd night
  • No adherence to unities of time, place, action
slide28
KJV of Bible
    • Quotes
    • Allusions
  • KJV of Bible and Shakespeare’s plays
    • Literary masterpieces of the Elizabethan period
sources and sites cited
Sources and Sites Cited
  • Ziegler, Rosemarie. MVNU professor who first composed this PowerPoint
  • About Shakespearehttp://www.op97.k12.il.us/LAB/shakespeare/index2.html
  • Absolute Shakespearehttp://www.absoluteshakespeare.com/index.htm