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  1. The state of IMS LD three years on Dai Griffiths Universitat Pompeu Fabre, Barcelona

  2. A practical problem for a distance teaching university • Open University of the Netherlands had to shift from paper based to electronic teaching • Tried to model all their pedagogies in templates: too complex! • Developed EML (Educational Modelling Language) to model any pedagogy • Developed EduBox player to deliver courses to learners

  3. A general problem for open elearning specifications • Open eLearning specifications started to be developed in the days of the CD ROM • Single learner, limited pedagogic possibilities • Online education providers needed a system which could model and deliver flexible pedagogies

  4. What is IMS • IMS Global Learning Inc is a not-for-profit organisation in the US which produces open eLearning specifiations • Has industrial and academic partners around the world. • IMS had become aware that simple sequencing and content packaging were too restricted.

  5. EML becomes IMS LD • Started a Learning Design work group, but it was a big job. • EML provided ready made solution, adopted by IMS. • EML reduced in scope because of existing specs • Split into three levels to ease implementation. • Published in January 2003

  6. What does IMS LD do? • IMS LD is an open specification for modeling Units of Learning (UoLs) • Defines how people in roles carrying out activitieswith resources. • It is a language with an XML binding • It claims that any pedagogy can be modeled in this way • It does not model learning • It can be thought of as in interoperable and machine readable lesson plan

  7. Four aspects of IMS-LD • 1) An educational modelling language: UoLs are formal expressions of lesson plans or smaller units of activities (DialogPlus…) • 2) A methodology (best practice guide) • 3) An infrastructure (CopperCore, RELOAD…) • 4) By definition, an interoperability specification (between applications which may pre-date the specification)

  8. Questions?

  9. What is UNFOLD • UNFOLD is a project funded by the Technology Enhanced Learning programme. • It supports the adoption of open eLearning standards for multiple learners and flexible pedagogies

  10. What has UNFOLD done • Provide access to public resources • Facilitate Communities of Practice by • Organising regular face to face meetings • Provide online support (discussions, learning activities, resources...) • Raise awareness of the specification • Organise workshops • Make presentations at conferences • Publish papers and supporting material

  11. What progress has been made in the last 2 years? • Three years ago there was nothing • It took two years for the first systems to be ready • It is only this year that there is anything to show (apart from EML) • Momentum is now starting to build

  12. Systems development • Runtime systems: • EduBox (EML player, Blackboard has an agreement to use it) • CopperCore: Open Source Learning Design Engine. • SLeD: A service based learning design player which makes use of CopperCore

  13. Design time systems • Reload: http: • CopperAuthor: • COLLAGE (University of Valladolid) • AskLD: • Cosmos, Chronotech, eLive...

  14. Compliant systems • Some interest from commercial organsiations (Cordys Educator, Blackboard) • Much more interest from Open Source foundations • Moodle, .LRN, LAMS, Boddington • Design time only: • Dialog+, • MOT+

  15. Authoring UoLs • In February 2005 there were no published UoLs other than those illustrating the specification. • There is now a collection at LN4LD, and many people are trying out the specification. • Innovative systems supporting teachers in experimenting with pedagogy: NetUniversité, LearningMapR, Dialog+

  16. Using the specification with learners • EML has been used with learners in OUNL for a number of years • Liverpool Hope University in Liverpool is running the first pilot using a CopperCore based system (in a mixed face to face / online environment)

  17. Questions?

  18. Current funding developments • Substantial investment by JISC in the UK, and also from SURF6 in Netherlands. • Current European projects using IMS LD include iClass and eLegi. • New projects include TenCompetence and OpenDock. There may be more.

  19. TenCompetence IP, four years • support … lifelong competence development by establishing the most appropriate technical and organizational infrastructure, using open-source, standards-based, sustainable and innovative technology. • Develop and integrate models and tools to create, store and exchange: 1.knowledge resources, 2.learning activities and UoLs 3.competence development programmes 4. network data for lifelong competence development.

  20. OpenDock: Leonardo, 2 years • Create a corpus of learning materials published under the Creative Commons license, with provision for IMS Learning Design, drawn from a range of different sectors of VET from different languages and cultures. • Establish a repository of learning resources, building on current best practice and existing Open Source repository implementations and eLearning standards

  21. Continuing the work of UNFOLD • Collaboration with ProLearn thematic network • Continue with websites and mailing list • Activities linked to TenCompetence • Possible follow on UNFOLD project

  22. Questions?

  23. Key R&D issues: Systems • Usability and representation of UoLs • How to integrate a range of services into a Unit of Learning • Development of a service architecture for LD players • Repositories and support for social networks of users • How to exchange fragments of UoLs • The “Metadata problem”

  24. Key R&D issues: Learning Designers • What constitutes an LD template • Development of templates • Identification of effective authoring practice • What are the limits of expressivity of IMS LD

  25. Key R&D issues: Teachers and Learning Providers • What is a pedagogic pattern? • Can it be expressed in IMS LD? • Can IMS LD be useful in face to face and mixed environments? • What interfaces are needed by learners? • Can IMS LD be useful as a lesson planning tool? • How can teachers (and learning designers) collaborate in authoring and sharing UoLs

  26. Questions, comments and suggestions • For more information • And the UNFOLD forums and learning activities server at