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The state of IMS LD three years on. Dai Griffiths Universitat Pompeu Fabre, Barcelona A practical problem for a distance teaching university. Open University of the Netherlands had to shift from paper based to electronic teaching

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the state of ims ld three years on
The state of IMS LD three years on

Dai Griffiths

Universitat Pompeu Fabre, Barcelona

a practical problem for a distance teaching university
A practical problem for a distance teaching university
  • Open University of the Netherlands had to shift from paper based to electronic teaching
  • Tried to model all their pedagogies in templates: too complex!
  • Developed EML (Educational Modelling Language) to model any pedagogy
  • Developed EduBox player to deliver courses to learners
a general problem for open elearning specifications
A general problem for open elearning specifications
  • Open eLearning specifications started to be developed in the days of the CD ROM
  • Single learner, limited pedagogic possibilities
  • Online education providers needed a system which could model and deliver flexible pedagogies
what is ims
What is IMS
  • IMS Global Learning Inc is a not-for-profit organisation in the US which produces open eLearning specifiations
  • Has industrial and academic partners around the world.
  • IMS had become aware that simple sequencing and content packaging were too restricted.
eml becomes ims ld
EML becomes IMS LD
  • Started a Learning Design work group, but it was a big job.
  • EML provided ready made solution, adopted by IMS.
  • EML reduced in scope because of existing specs
  • Split into three levels to ease implementation.
  • Published in January 2003
what does ims ld do
What does IMS LD do?
  • IMS LD is an open specification for modeling Units of Learning (UoLs)
  • Defines how people in roles carrying out activitieswith resources.
  • It is a language with an XML binding
  • It claims that any pedagogy can be modeled in this way
  • It does not model learning
  • It can be thought of as in interoperable and machine readable lesson plan
four aspects of ims ld
Four aspects of IMS-LD
  • 1) An educational modelling language: UoLs are formal expressions of lesson plans or smaller units of activities (DialogPlus…)
  • 2) A methodology (best practice guide)
  • 3) An infrastructure (CopperCore, RELOAD…)
  • 4) By definition, an interoperability specification (between applications which may pre-date the specification)
what is unfold
What is UNFOLD
  • UNFOLD is a project funded by the Technology Enhanced Learning programme.
  • It supports the adoption of open eLearning standards for multiple learners and flexible pedagogies
what has unfold done
What has UNFOLD done
  • Provide access to public resources
  • Facilitate Communities of Practice by
    • Organising regular face to face meetings
    • Provide online support (discussions, learning activities, resources...)
  • Raise awareness of the specification
    • Organise workshops
    • Make presentations at conferences
    • Publish papers and supporting material
what progress has been made in the last 2 years
What progress has been made in the last 2 years?
  • Three years ago there was nothing
  • It took two years for the first systems to be ready
  • It is only this year that there is anything to show (apart from EML)
  • Momentum is now starting to build
systems development
Systems development
  • Runtime systems:
    • EduBox (EML player, Blackboard has an agreement to use it)
    • CopperCore: Open Source Learning Design Engine.

    • SLeD: A service based learning design player which makes use of CopperCore

design time systems
Design time systems
  • Reload: http:
  • CopperAuthor:
  • COLLAGE (University of Valladolid)

  • AskLD:
  • Cosmos, Chronotech, eLive...
compliant systems
Compliant systems
  • Some interest from commercial organsiations (Cordys Educator, Blackboard)
  • Much more interest from Open Source foundations
    • Moodle, .LRN, LAMS, Boddington
  • Design time only:
    • Dialog+,
    • MOT+
authoring uols
Authoring UoLs
  • In February 2005 there were no published UoLs other than those illustrating the specification.
  • There is now a collection at LN4LD, and many people are trying out the specification.
  • Innovative systems supporting teachers in experimenting with pedagogy: NetUniversité, LearningMapR, Dialog+
using the specification with learners
Using the specification with learners
  • EML has been used with learners in OUNL for a number of years
  • Liverpool Hope University in Liverpool is running the first pilot using a CopperCore based system (in a mixed face to face / online environment)
current funding developments
Current funding developments
  • Substantial investment by JISC in the UK, and also from SURF6 in Netherlands.
  • Current European projects using IMS LD include iClass and eLegi.
  • New projects include TenCompetence and OpenDock. There may be more.
tencompetence ip four years
TenCompetence IP, four years
  • support … lifelong competence development by establishing the most appropriate technical and organizational infrastructure, using open-source, standards-based, sustainable and innovative technology.
  • Develop and integrate models and tools to create, store and exchange:

1.knowledge resources,

2.learning activities and UoLs

3.competence development programmes

4. network data for lifelong competence development.

opendock leonardo 2 years
OpenDock: Leonardo, 2 years
  • Create a corpus of learning materials published under the Creative Commons license, with provision for IMS Learning Design, drawn from a range of different sectors of VET from different languages and cultures.
  • Establish a repository of learning resources, building on current best practice and existing Open Source repository implementations and eLearning standards
continuing the work of unfold
Continuing the work of UNFOLD
  • Collaboration with ProLearn thematic network
  • Continue with websites and mailing list
  • Activities linked to TenCompetence
  • Possible follow on UNFOLD project
key r d issues systems
Key R&D issues: Systems
  • Usability and representation of UoLs
  • How to integrate a range of services into a Unit of Learning
  • Development of a service architecture for LD players
  • Repositories and support for social networks of users
  • How to exchange fragments of UoLs
  • The “Metadata problem”
key r d issues learning designers
Key R&D issues: Learning Designers
  • What constitutes an LD template
  • Development of templates
  • Identification of effective authoring practice
  • What are the limits of expressivity of IMS LD
key r d issues teachers and learning providers
Key R&D issues: Teachers and Learning Providers
  • What is a pedagogic pattern?
  • Can it be expressed in IMS LD?
  • Can IMS LD be useful in face to face and mixed environments?
  • What interfaces are needed by learners?
  • Can IMS LD be useful as a lesson planning tool?
  • How can teachers (and learning designers) collaborate in authoring and sharing UoLs
questions comments and suggestions
Questions, comments and suggestions
  • For more information

  • And the UNFOLD forums and learning activities server at