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 Community-driven development (CDD)  REGIONAL WORKSHOP 14-17 March 2006 New Coco Beach Resort - Accra, Ghana. Outcomes of the Electronic Conference. 7 Main themes Definition Principles CDD Menu Institutions and CDD Targeting Monitoring and Evaluation in CDD Local Tax System.

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Community-driven development (CDD)REGIONAL WORKSHOP14-17 March 2006New Coco Beach Resort - Accra, Ghana
outcomes of the electronic conference
Outcomes of the Electronic Conference

7 Main themes

  • Definition
  • Principles
  • CDD Menu
  • Institutions and CDD
  • Targeting
  • Monitoring and Evaluation in CDD
  • Local Tax System
definition
Definition
  • Aim:
    • Building long term processes for sustainable poverty reduction
    • Enabling the community to participate in their own development
  • Definition still not clear
  • Unanswered questions

Is it a way to correct government or market failure?

Is it a self-help approach to accelerate access to public goods and services?

principles
Principles

CDD should

    • Be complementary with local government
    • Accompany the decision making transfer to local democratic organizations

Unanswered questions

  • What to do when the policy and institutional environment is unsupportive?
  • How to meet community preferences for concrete and early results?
  • Is there a trade-off between impact and longer-term sustainability of institutional and participatory processes?
institutional matters
Institutional Matters
  • Need for a supportive institutional environment, transparent and accountable
  • Questions:
    • Which kind of relationship should exist between CDD and local government?
    • What kind of process should be used:
      • long decentralisation processes
      • short processes as NGO led
  • Response:
      • A coalition of countervailing powers may be desirable to have more equity, more sustainability and more transparency.
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Menu
  • Many questions, Few answers
  • Which components, activities are project led or demand driven?
  • We agreed that
    • Menu can not be fully open
    • The content of the Menu varies in different situation
    • There can not be blueprint for the Menu
  • Remaining question

How to make sure thatcommunitiesare not be penalized for their illiteracy/semi-literacy or their poverty?

targeting
Targeting
  • Main issues emerging from the discussion
    • Is it the role of CDD to target the poorest?
    • Targeting needs to be done in ways that differ from conventional projects
  • Question remaining

How to get community commitment without setting unaffordable contributions that would militate against poorer communities?

monitoring evaluation and supervision in cdd
Monitoring, Evaluation and Supervision in CDD
  • Main Issues
    • More important at local level for CDD
    • More expensive than for other projects
    • Still difficult to link to short term qualitative identifiable results
local tax system
Local Tax System
  • Fiscal Decentralization as a mean to confer financial autonomy to communities
  • Problems
    • Capacity to raise taxes at lower level
    • Lack of confidence of citizens in the good use of the money
  • Need for more transparency
  • Unanswered question
    • How to implement fiscal decentralization?
    • How to make transfer of public resources more equitable within a country?
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Community-driven development (CDD)REGIONAL WORKSHOP14-17 March 2006New Coco Beach Resort - Accra, Ghana
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