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Nanotechnology For Students Jim Mason, Executive Director Oklahoma Nanotechnology Initiative jmason@okstatechamber.com 405-272-4420 www.oknano.com

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nanotechnology for students

Nanotechnology For Students

Jim Mason, Executive Director

Oklahoma Nanotechnology Initiative

jmason@okstatechamber.com

405-272-4420

www.oknano.com

the next big thing is very very very small
“Nanotechnology is an enabling technology that will change the nature of almost every human-made object in the next century.” -National Science and Technology Council -2000

This means… anything manufactured in Oklahoma will be impacted by nanotechnology and it is happening more quickly than most people might think!

The next “Big Thing” is very, very, verysmall!
what is nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter at the nanometer* scale to create novel structures, devices and systems.

Structures

(e.g.materials)

Devices

(e.g. sensors)

Systems

(e.g. NEMS)

WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?

* 1 millimeter = 1,000 micrometers; 1 micrometer = 1,000 nanometers

Source: "Nanotech: The Tiny Revolution" by CMP Científica (November 2001)

nanotechnology
is already making today’s products:

Lighter

Stronger

Faster

Smaller

More Durable

Nanotechnology …
how small
HOW SMALL
  • Nanobatteries are 200 nm in diameter2 billion could fit on the surface of a nickel
slide6

Rice University NanoKids

  • The NanoKids program is an educational program headed by a Rice University professor.  The Web site includes a story with NanoKids as the main characters.  It also includes fun activities for teachers to use in teaching nanotechnology. www.nanokids.rice.edu
nanozone
Nanozone
  • This is a great Web site for teachers to use in educating children about nanotechnology.  The Web site has a link for teacher resources that includes pre-visit and post-visit activities and worksheets. The Web site also includes videos, puzzles and games.
  • www.nanozone.org
nasa s web site
NASA’s Web site
  • NASA’s Web site features a page that explores the idea of nanotechnology.  The Web site includes a gallery of images, diagrams, Power Point presentations and videos. This could possibly be used for middle school students, but definitely for high school students.  
  • www.ipt.arc.nasa.gov/nanotechnology.html
slide9

You Tube

  • ExcellentUC Berekely Excellent NanobotsNanomedicineRichard Feyman
slide10

USDA - www.csrees.usda.gov/newsroom/partners/21/nanotechnology.html

  • Exploring the NanoworldNational Cancer InstituteNanomission
nanotechnology for students video
Nanotechnology for Students video
  • http://www.oknano.com/video/Nanotechnology for Students.wmv
videos
Videos
  • “When Things Get Small”
  • This is a 27-minute video covering many important nanotechnology concepts in a humorous and entertaining way. www.ucsd.tv/getsmall
  • “The NANO Revolution”
  • Educators may request a free DVD copy of this introductory video about nanotechnology aimed at middle and high school students. www.mrsec.virginia.edu
more videos
More videos
  • “Nanotechnology: What is it?”
  • This short 1-minute video has a young boy and girl who quickly introduce the concept of nanotechnology. http://youtube.com/watch?v=2iSE6XlFXhA
  • "The Twinkie Guide to Nanotechnology"The Twinkie Guide to Nanotechnology is an entertaining new video featuring scientist Andrew Maynard which mixes the iconic American snack cake with humor to unlock the mysteries of nanotechnology.
printed material
Printed Material
  • "Big Things from a Tiny World" 12 page booklet from the National Nanotechnology InitiativeClick here to view publication
games
Games
  • “Nanoquest”
  • A free, downloadable game where the player is shrunk to so small that they find themselves in a “nanoworld.”, this game is aimed at getting 13- to 15-year-old children interested in nanotechnology. www.nanoquest.ie
  • “NanoMission”
  • This educational online game educates students on the basics of nanotechnology. You must register before you are allowed to download the game. www.nanomission.org
lessons for teachers
Lessons for Teachers
  • “What is Smaller than a Pygmy Shrew?”
  • This lesson plan is from the University of Wisconsin and designed to help middle school students better understand the atomic world and the size, scale and structure of objects in it.  www.mrsec.wisc.edu
  • “Ferrofluid: Nanomedicine”
  • Middle school students will work together to explore different methods of drug delivery, specifically focusing on the possibilities of how cancer could be treated in the future.  www.mrsec.wisc.edu/Edetc/IPSE/educators
slide17

“Giant Magnetoresistance”

  • Students will participate in a hands-on activity where the concepts of nanotechnology and GMR will be introduced.  This program is tailored for middle school students. www.mrsec.wisc.edu/Edetc/IPSE/educators
  • “Nanoarchitecture: Forms of Carbon”
  • This is a two-day activity where students will discover how the properties of materials change when atoms are connected in different ways. This program is also aimed at middle school students. www.mrsec.wisc.edu/Edetc/IPSE/educators
economic impact of nanotechnology
Market Size Predictions

(within six years)

$340B/yr Materials

$300B/yr Electronics

$180B/yr Pharmaceuticals

$100B/yr Chemical manufacture

$ 70B/yr Aerospace

$ 20B/yr Tools

$ 30B/yr Improved healthcare

$ 45B/yr Sustainability

$1 Trillion, growing to

$2.6 Trillion by 2014

*Estimates by industry groups, source: NSF and LUX

Economic impact of nanotechnology
so what does this have to do with me
The real winners in nanotechnology will be the companies who adopt nano processes to improve their existing and emerging products.

In 2006, the Oklahoma legislature decided to leapfrog over other states and help Oklahoma companies be among the first to gain this competitive advantage by creating the Oklahoma Nanotechnology Sharing Incentive Act.

In two years, Oklahoma has grown from 6 companies involved in applications of nanotechnology to nearly 50 companies who are planning to utilize nanotechnology for their products.

So what does this have to do with me?
oni vision
ONI VISION
  • “Oklahoma companies are world leaders in creating new and improved products thorough applications of Nanotechnology.”
  • Since 2006 we have grown from six identified companies involved in nanotechnology to nearly 50 companies
the nanotech report
Nanotechnology was incorporated into more than $30 billion worth of manufactured goods in 2005, and this figure is projected to grow exponentially to more than $2.6 trillion in global manufactured goods by 2014.

There are more than 1,000 nanotechnology products currently on the market aimed at improving consumers’ lives and another 400 products that include nano instruments and test devices.

The Nanotech Report
slide22
Nano shirt, slacks, tie, tennis racket, odor/ bacteria eliminating socks, nano car wax, and 2004 Chevy Impala with nano enhanced side panels.
products anticipated
2004-7 burn and wound dressings, water filtration devices, paints, cosmetics, coatings, lubricants, textiles, memory/storage devices

2008-10 – medical diagnostics, displays, sensors, drug delivery, composite materials, solid state lighting, bio-materials, nano arrays, more powerful computers, protective armor, chem-bio suits, and chem-bio sensors

2011-15 -- nanobiomaterials, microprocessors, new catalysts, portable energy cells, solar cells, tissue/organ regeneration, smart implants

2016 and beyond – molecular circuitry, quantum computing, new materials, fast chemical analyses

Products Anticipated
oklahoma nano legislation
The 2006 Oklahoma Nanotechnology Sharing Incentive Act established the Oklahoma Nanotechnology Applications Project (ONAP) which provides $2 million to OCAST to be used to promote and provide incentives to further “applications of nanotechnology”.

26 Oklahoma companies shared ideas through white papers on how they would seek to incorporate nanotechnology into their existing or emerging products. The first five winners were:

Oklahoma Nano Legislation
access optics
Access Optics
  • Access Optics makes the lens for endoscopes and other medical devices.
  • The ONAP program allowed them to develop a much better glass-to-metal seal using nanotechnology.
  • They are the only company in the world who solved this problem and will soon make the entire medical device.
martin bionics orthocare innovations
Martin Bionics/OrthoCare Innovations

Martin Bionics was funded todevelop a dry prosthetic device using a super-hydrophobic powder exclusively licensed from Oak Ridge National Labs They are the only prosthetic company who may have solved this industry problem.

rupture pin technologies
Rupture Pin Technologies

Rupture Pin Technologies, manufacturers oil andgas pressure relief valves

and is solving an o-ring

blow-out problem using a

new o-ring design and

Carbon nanotubes to provide

strength and flexibility. This

will allow them to become a

world leader in this industry.

high quality high volume carbon nanotubes
High Quality, High Volume Carbon Nanotubes
  • Southwest Nano-Technologies is fast becoming the world leader in high quality, high volume, lower cost carbon nanotubes using an patented scalable process that will allow them to produce kilotons rather than kilograms of high quality carbon nanotubes.
carbon nanotubes
Carbon Nanotubes
  • A single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) is unique among solid state materials in that every atom is on the surface.
  • Structurally, carbon nanotubes are 100 times stronger than steel and can conduct electricity better than copper.
carbon nanotube composites
Carbon Nanotube Composites
  • Nano Ridge Materials has developed a carbon nanotube strengthened composite that is 70% stronger than metal and 40% the weight.
  • This very strong composite has potential for aircraft replacement parts.
xetacomp
XetaComp
  • XetaComp (Lawton) manufactures nanoparticles of titanium dioxide that enables the production of a “clear”, non-greasy, non-oily sunscreen called SunVex.
  • Their nanoparticles may soon be in many other skin care products.
2008 onap awardees
2008 ONAP Awardees
  • Four companies and four proof-of-concept awarded a total of $1.5 million this month
  • XetaComp Technologies – new personal care products
  • IMTEC - Dental Implant research
  • EKIPS – Nano laser for Breathmeter
  • Charlesson – Optic treatments with nano-

particles

slide33

Aerogel: the world’s lightest solidAerogel is an ultra-low density solid, a gel in which the liquid component has been replaced with gas. Nicknamed “frozen smoke”, aerogel has a content of just 5% solid and 95% air, and is said to be the lightest weight solid in the world. Despite its lightness, aerogel can support over 2,000 times its own weight. One of thecurrent applications is as insulation for space suits.

insulation
Insulation
  • Nanoscale materials hold great promise as insulators because of their extremely high surface-to-volume ratio. This gives them the ability to trap still air within a material layer of minimal thickness. Insulating nanomaterials may be sandwiched between rigid panels, applied as thin films, or painted on as coatings.
  • Pioneer Builders (of Drumright) now offers Nanosulate spray-on insulation with an equivalent r-value of 50.
arc outdoors broken arrow
ARC Outdoors –Broken Arrow
  • ARC Outdoors utilizes nano silver in making cloth for special purposes and currently has a line of anti-microbial clothing for hunters because the nano silver cloth eliminates odor/scent. These clothes are sold through Bass Pro Shops, Cabalas and some Wal-Mart stores.
  • ARC is working on developing a line of hospital uniforms that also will be anti-microbial.
nano cable
Nano Cable
  • Nano Ridge Material and Boeing (Long beach) are partners on a $5.75 million Advanced Technology Program to develop Nano Cable by 2010. Nano Cable is a lightweight, highly conductive, electrical wire and cable that could bring significant gains in fuel savings, energy efficiency and operating costs.
  • The technology is based on carbon nanotubes which conduct greater amounts of electric current than copper while having only 1/6th the weight.
  • By 2010, the market for conductive polymer cable is expected to be 465 million lbs per year, worth $1.4 billion annually.
nano coatings
Nano Coatings
  • Self-cleaning
  • Scratch-resistant
  • Anti-icing and anti-fogging
  • Antimicrobial
  • UV protection
  • Corrosion-resistant
  • Waterproofing
anti stain coatings
Anti Stain Coatings
  • In 2002, Eddie Bauer apparel became the first brand to employ Nano-Tex stain resistance technology in its designs. Nano-Tex has now expanded to bring stain resistance to fabrics and other interior finishes. Nano-Tex uses a process that bonds to each fiber, making textiles last longer, retain their natural feel and breathe normally.
behr paints offers nanoguard
Behr Paints Offers NanoGuard
  • Behr’s best line of paint uses nanoparticles to provide a long lasting, anti-fade, more durable house paint that also prevents mildew.
automotive paint mercedes benz
Automotive Paint – Mercedes-Benz
  • The 2007 Mercedes-Benz SL series cars sport a protective coating of nanoparticles that provides a three-fold improvement in the scratch resistance of the paintwork.
nanolight of norman
Nanolight of Norman
  • Nanolight, Inc.- Nanolight, Inc. is a high-tech company whose mission is to research and develop semiconductor nanofabrication techniques for implementation in cutting-edge infrared laser and detector systems. The company also assists others with product development efforts by providing epitaxial-related services and acting as a distributor for nanofabrication equipment.
self healing composites
Self Healing Composites
  • Polymeric and composite materials are subject to weakening due to fatigue cracking. A self-healing composite has the potential to defend against material failure due to fatigue and to greatly improve product safety and reliability. Patent 6858659 - Office of Technology Management – University of Illinois Urbana Champian
study of 200 commercial nano products in medical and health fields
Show enhanced platforms for drug development and delivery

Nanoparticles such as colloidal gold, Quantum dots, liposomes, dendrimers and fullerenes are being used in pharmaceutical drug discovery and formulations for encapsulating drugs for drug delivery

Other biophase materials offer promise for tissue engineering products

Study of 200 Commercial Nano Products in medical and health fields
nanomedicine
NanoBioMagnetics is an Edmond, Oklahoma company that has demonstrated the ability to move nanoparticles through the body to specific cells. In the future, companies like NanoBioMagnetics anticipate being able to attach a drug to the nanoparticle and then deliver it reliably to the site of a cancerous cell and kill it.Nanomedicine
nano workforce trends
Before 2010, the market for nanotechnology products and services is estimated to reach $1 trillion in the U.S. economy.

This market will require anywhere from 800,000 to two million new jobs.

Most of these workers will require at least two year postsecondary degrees.

Nano Workforce Trends
nano technician training
OSU- Okmulgee has developed a Nano Instrumentation program that is included as an additional certification to their Electrical Engineering Associates program.

Tulsa Community College is offering electronic courses for Nanotechnology and MEMS (Micro Electrical Mechanical Systems).

Oklahoma City Community College offers

a Nanotechnology and MEMS program.

The Oklahoma State Dept. of Career and

Technology and OSU Okmulgee are

partnering on an NSF grant to create the

Oklahoma Nanotechnology Education

Initiative.

Nano Technician Training
nano clearinghouse
The Oklahoma Nanotechnology Website www.oknano.com will continue to grow as a one-stop clearinghouse for information with info on:

Grant opportunities and technologies available

Infrastructure, resources and incentives available to nanotech companies

Collaboration opportunities

Updates on current nano activities

Oklahoma Nanotech companies

Researchers involved in Nanotech research

Nano information and Activities for students and teachers

Nano Clearinghouse