melons l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Melons PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Melons

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

Melons - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 276 Views
  • Uploaded on

Melons. Old world origin Melons originated in hot ______________ of southwest Asia Watermelons originated in ____________ Characteristics Warm season Separate male and female flowers Need bees for _______________; wind not effective Vining growth habit

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Melons' - benjamin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
melons
Melons
  • Old world origin
    • Melons originated in hot

______________ of southwest Asia

    • Watermelons originated in ____________
  • Characteristics
    • Warm season
    • Separate male and female flowers
      • Need bees for _______________; wind not effective
    • Vining growth habit
  • Can be divided into muskmelons, winter melons, and _______________
key points
Key points
  • Muskmelon and cantaloupe
    • Fruit characteristics
    • Growing melons
    • Selecting quality melons
    • Problems
  • Winter melons
    • Characteristics
    • Differences from muskmelon/ cantaloupe
  • Watermelon
    • Characteristics
    • Growing and harvesting watermelons
muskmelon cucumis melo var reticulatus
Muskmelon(Cucumis melo var. reticulatus)
  • Dates back to at least 1600’s
  • Name comes from the musk _________ of the mature fruit
  • Outer appearance
    • Generally has netted rind with deep ____________

Immature muskmelon

muskmelon
Muskmelon
  • Interior flesh
    • _________ to orange-colored flesh
cantaloupe
Cantaloupe
  • Fruits are round to oval shaped
  • Outer appearance
    • Non-sutured, heavily netted
    • Yellow colored when mature
  • Inner flesh has strong flavor
melon culture
Melon Culture
  • Planting
    • Melons are usually started as __________________
      • Do not transplant well if the roots are disturbed
      • Start the transplants in individual containers
    • Black plastic mulch
    • Timing of planting
      • After danger of ____________ has passed and the soil has warmed to 60 F
selecting a good melon
Selecting a good melon
  • Melons are mature when:
    • __________ changes from green to tan-yellow between ___________
    • Stem should easily separate (slip) where the ________ attaches to the fruit
      • ______________ layer forms between stem and fruit
    • Blossom end of fruit fairly easy to depress
melon problems
Melon Problems

Poor flavor due to:

  • Cloudy weather during ripening
    • Like hot, dry weather during ripening
  • Too much or too little water
    • Don’t like “wet feet”
  • Temperatures too high
    • Like mean temps of _______
    • Over or under ripe
    • Often hard to tell; changes are subtle
    • Melons might soften but do not get sweeter after harvest
melon problems9
Melon Problems
  • Cucumber beetles
    • Most serious insect pest
    • Have stripped cucumber beetle and spotted cucumber beetle
    • Adult stage of corn rootworm beetle
    • Controls – Sevin, black plastic mulch, row covers
  • Bacterial wilt
    • Worst on younger plants
    • Must control beetles
winter melon cucumis melo var inodorus
Winter Melon (Cucumis melo var. inodorus)
  • Smooth rind surface
  • When ripe:
    • Do not _______ from the vine
      • Are cut from the vine
    • Blossom-end of fruit _____ to touch
  • Lack a distinctive odor
  • Require long growing season
    • ______ months
winter melons
Winter Melons
  • Honeydew
    • Inner flesh
      • Sweet, mild, and firm flesh
      • Flesh has a light green color
    • Outer appearance
      • Smooth, white rind
winter melons12
Winter Melons
  • Casaba
    • Outer appearance
      • Deep _______ at maturity
    • Inner flesh
      • Creamy white flesh
      • Pear-like texture
watermelons citrullus lanatus
Watermelons (Citrullus lanatus)
  • History
    • Originated in __________
    • Brought to Europe in 16th century
  • Appearance
    • _________

leaves

watermelons
Watermelons
  • Fruit appearance
    • Flesh color
      • Most watermelons are red color
      • Some cultivars have a _________ flesh
watermelons16
Watermelons
  • Fruit appearance
    • Shape
      • Standard shape is oblong
      • ____________ types
        • Small round watermelons with a dark skin
        • Easier to grow
          • Mature rapidly
          • Smaller plants
watermelons17
Watermelons
  • Seedless watermelon
    • For seedless watermelon to set fruit you must also plant a normal ________ (“seedy”) cultivar in with the _______________ seedless watermelons
    • Produces self-sterile triploid __________ which develop normal looking fruits but no fully developed seeds
watermelon culture
Watermelon Culture
  • Adaptation
    • Watermelon are more adapted to the south than to central or northern Illinois
      • Under ___________ seasons, watermelons do not produce enough sugar and are not sweet
    • Ways to overcome
      • Select __________ cultivars
      • Grow icebox types
      • Use transplants
      • Use plastic mulch
watermelon culture19
Watermelon Culture
  • Watering
    • Watermelon have moderately ________ root systems
    • Watering is seldom necessary unless weather turns dry for a prolonged period
  • Spacing
    • Watermelon vines require considerable space
      • Space hills 6 ft. apart, with 7 to 10 ft. between rows
watermelon culture20
Watermelon Culture
  • Can overcome space constraints
    • Train vines onto a __________
    • Fruits must be supported by nets or bags
harvesting watermelons
Harvesting Watermelons
  • How to tell when watermelon fruit is ripe
    • Curly tendrils on stem near the point of attachment dry down
    • Surface color turns _______
    • Skin becomes resistant to penetration by a thumbnail and is _________ to the touch
    • Bottom of melon (where it touches the ground) turns from light green to a yellowish color
watermelon problems
Watermelon Problems
  • Cucumber beetles and bacteria wilt generally not a problem
  • Birds will makes holes in tops of watermelons
    • Netting can be used to prevent