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The Comparative Competitiveness of European Labour markets: Disappearing Employment in the Netherlands

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Stichting voor Economisch Onderzoek Universiteit van Amsterdam The Comparative Competitiveness of European Labour markets: Disappearing Employment in the Netherlands Maarten Biermans Marko van Leeuwen

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slide1
Stichting voor Economisch Onderzoek Universiteit van Amsterdam

The Comparative Competitiveness of European Labour markets: Disappearing Employment in the Netherlands

Maarten Biermans

Marko van Leeuwen

Industrial Relations in Europe Conference: Governance issues in shifting industrial and employment relationsUtrecht, 26-28 August 2004

outline
Outline
  • EU Enlargement
  • Comparing the Labour Markets
  • Competitiveness
  • Outsourcing/ Offshoring
  • Disappearing Employment: The Netherlands
outline3
Outline
  • EU Enlargement
  • Comparing the Labour Markets
  • Competitiveness
  • Outsourcing/ Offshoring
  • Disappearing Employment: The Netherlands
eu enlargement
EU Enlargement

EU15  EU25

  • 10 new members
  • Population of 74.1 mln (19%)
  • 738 574 km2 (23%)
  • GDP of € 444.1 bln (5%)
  • Uncertainties & Qualms
fear for the east
Fear for the East

Freedom of Movement

  • Inflow of workers
    • “Taking our jobs”
    • Abusing the social system
  • Exodus
    • Cheap labour
    • Outsourcing/ Offshoring

 Countervailing Measures

outline6
Outline
  • EU Enlargement
  • Comparing the Labour Markets
  • Competitiveness
  • Outsourcing/ Offshoring
  • Disappearing Employment: The Netherlands
slide8
The relationship between the proportion of employees on minimum wage (%) and the level of minimum wage (PPS)
outline11
Outline
  • EU Enlargement
  • Comparing the Labour Markets
  • Competitiveness
  • Outsourcing/ Offshoring
  • Disappearing Employment: The Netherlands
competitiveness
Competitiveness
  • Lisbon Agenda
  • Benchmarking
    • World Competitiveness Yearbook (IMD)
    • Global Competitiveness Report (WEF)
    • Economic Freedom Report (Fraser)
outline15
Outline
  • EU Enlargement
  • Comparing the Labour Markets
  • Competitiveness
  • Outsourcing/ Offshoring
  • Disappearing Employment: The Netherlands
outsourcing off shoring
Outsourcing/ Off-shoring
  • White Collar jobs
  • Following the Market
  • Critical Mass
outline18
Outline
  • EU Enlargement
  • Comparing the Labour Markets
  • Competitiveness
  • Outsourcing/ Offshoring
  • Disappearing Employment: The Netherlands
disappearing employment
Disappearing Employment

Considerations when looking for what is gone:

  • Obsolete
  • Technology
  • Trade
    • Factor Content Analysis
    • Price-effects studies
changes in employment in the netherlands by sector 1987 2003
Changes in employment in the Netherlands by sector 1987 – 2003
  • Increases in Financial/ Business Services & Trade
  • Decreases in Utilities, Extraction & Industry
closing thoughts
Closing Thoughts
  • Differences are not confined to wages
slide22
Thank you for your attention

Maarten Biermans & Marko van Leeuwen

SEO Amsterdam Economics

University of Amsterdam

[email protected]

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