Great Buildings of the World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Great Buildings of the World

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  1. Great Buildings of the World By Miss Ertel’s 3rd & 4th Graders March 2008

  2. Big Ben Tower-BridgeBy Amy R. Price • London, England • 1858 • Famous Landmark • Clock tower • Augustus Pugin and Charles Barry- architects • Weighs over 13 tons • Clock hands are 14 feet and 9 feet long

  3. Big Ben is in Europe.

  4. Chartres Cathedralby Tyler • Chartres, France • Built by Catholic Church • 1145-1220 • A church • First building to be built at such height • Walking labyrinth is on the floor

  5. Chartres Cathedral is in Europe.

  6. Roman Colosseum by Alexis • Rome, Italy • Inspired by Emperor Vespasian • Builders- Romans • 70-82 CE • Built for Entertainment • Seated over 50,000

  7. The Colosseum is in Europe.

  8. Eiffel Tower by Jasa • Paris, France • Gustave Eiffel, Builder • 1887 to 1889 • Built for World’s Fair • 300 m (985 ft) tall • Has been hit by lightning • 300 meters tall (985 feet)

  9. The Eiffel Tower is in Europe.

  10. Empire State BuildingBy Hunter • New York City • Shreve, Lamb, Harmon- Architects • Built from 1929-1931 • 102 floors • 1,250 feet high to roof • Built to be the tallest building in the world and it was for 41 years counting the spire which made it 1,472 feet tall

  11. The Empire State Building is in North America.

  12. Golden Gate Bridgeby Johnathan • San Francisco, California • Builder, Joseph Strauss • 1933 to 1937 • 4,200 feet long • 35 million dollars • To connect San Francisco to Marinby road • Steel towers • Has 80,000 miles of wires • Suspension bridge

  13. The Golden Gate Bridge is in North America.

  14. Hoover Dam By Daniel • Border of Nevada and Arizona • Dr. Elwood Mead- head of construction • 1931-1936 • Built to reserve water for Las Vegas and Los Angeles • Built to make electricity for the west

  15. Hoover Dam is in North America.

  16. The Leaning Tower of Pisaby Mary • Pisa, Italy • 1173 A.D. • 179 feet tall • World’s most famous tower • Built out of marble • Began to teeter while still under construction because of soft soil

  17. The Leaning Tower of Pisa is in Europe.

  18. Mount Rushmore byLuke • Black Hills, South Dakota • Sculptor- Gutzon Borglum • 1927-1941 • Four presidents’ heads • Never will be finished because sculptor wanted carvings to go to presidents’ waists

  19. Mt. Rushmore is in North America.

  20. Notre Dame By Zoe • Architect- Maurice De Sully • Built 1163 to 1250 • Paris, France • Restored by Viollet le Duc • Large rose windows • Famous gargoyles • Restored in 1991 and 2001 • Sculptures • A bell plays from southwest tower • Stained glass windows

  21. The Notre Dame is in Europe.

  22. Palace of Versailles by Tyrale • Versailles, France • Architect- Andre le Notre • Built from 1661 to 1774 • Royal Palace

  23. The Palace of Versailles is in Europe.

  24. Pyramid of the Sun by Jennifer • Teotihuacan, Mexico • 738 ft. across tall and 246 ft. high • Third largest pyramid in the world • First stage finished around 100 A.D. • Two pyramids at this site- The Pyramid of the Moon is next to this one. • Made of stone and earth • Named by Aztecs years later • East side faces sunrise and west side faces sunset

  25. The Pyramid of the Sun is in North America.

  26. St. Basil’s Cathedral by Kelly • Moscow, Russia • Built after victory by Tsar Ivan IV’s win over Mongol armies • 1555-1560 • Architects- Barma and Posnik • Eight Onion Domes and Golden Crosses • Church

  27. St. Basil’s Cathedral is in Europe.

  28. St. Mark’s Cathedralby Hannah • Venice, Italy • Built by Sons of Agnello Participanzio • Built in 832, Burned in 976, Rebuilt from 978-1063 • 5 domes • Pieces of gold cover inside walls • Catholic Church • There’s a ladder on the roof • Pigeons gather there in spring • 52 meters long

  29. St. Mark’s Cathedral is in Europe.

  30. Statue of Libertyby William • New York Harbor • Architect- Frederic Bartholdi • 1884-1886 • 300 feet high • Weighs over 200 tons • America’s tallest sculpture

  31. The Statue of Liberty is in North America.

  32. Stonehengeby Amanda T. Norton • Salisbury, England • Builders Unknown • Built 2,750 to 1,500 B.C. • May have over 28 rocks • Possibly built to tell the seasons

  33. Stonehenge is in Europe.

  34. Sydney Opera House By Alissa • Sydney, Australia • Architect Jorn Utzon • 1957-1973 • Tile-clad and pre-cast concrete • Roof sections look like sails • Opera House

  35. The Sydney Opera House is in Australia.

  36. Taj Mahal By Andrew • Agra, India • 1630-1653 • Tomb • Over 30,000 people built it for Shah Jahan’s wife to be buried • Marble and Gemstones • Over 100,000 people visit every year

  37. The Taj Mahal is in Asia.

  38. The Giza PyramidBy Elias • Giza, Egypt • 2600-2480 B.C.E. • Pharaoh ordered it • 4,000 men worked on it • Built to bury kings • Originally 481 ft. high • Now 449 ft. high due to erosion

  39. The Giza Pyramid is in Africa.

  40. The Gateway Archby Shannon • Also called Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Arch • St.Louis, Missouri • Architect: Eero Saarinen • To celebrate Western States • 1961-1965 • Lookout area at the top • 630 feet tall • 630 feet between the legs • 16,000 tons of steel • Underground tourist center

  41. The Gateway Arch is in North America.

  42. The Great Wall of Chinaby Jarod • China • 7th Century B.C.E. • Ordered to be built by Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang • To protect the dynasty • Several Walls- 4,000 miles long

  43. The Great Wall of China is in Asia.

  44. The SphinxbyLogan • Egypt • Built more than 4,000 years ago • Architect- Khafre • To protect the Pyramids and the people buried there • 200 feet long, 66 feet high • Made out of bedrock

  45. The Sphinx is in Africa.