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Great Buildings of the World By Miss Ertel’s 3 rd & 4 th Graders March 2008 Big Ben Tower-Bridge By Amy R. Price London, England 1858 Famous Landmark Clock tower Augustus Pugin and Charles Barry- architects Weighs over 13 tons Clock hands are 14 feet and 9 feet long

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great buildings of the world

Great Buildings of the World

By Miss Ertel’s

3rd & 4th Graders

March 2008

big ben tower bridge by amy r price
Big Ben Tower-BridgeBy Amy R. Price
  • London, England
  • 1858
  • Famous Landmark
  • Clock tower
  • Augustus Pugin and Charles Barry- architects
  • Weighs over 13 tons
  • Clock hands are 14 feet and 9 feet long
chartres cathedral by tyler
Chartres Cathedralby Tyler
  • Chartres, France
  • Built by Catholic Church
  • 1145-1220
  • A church
  • First building to be built at such height
  • Walking labyrinth is on the floor
roman colosseum by alexis
Roman Colosseum by Alexis
  • Rome, Italy
  • Inspired by Emperor Vespasian
  • Builders- Romans
  • 70-82 CE
  • Built for Entertainment
  • Seated over 50,000
eiffel tower by jasa
Eiffel Tower by Jasa
  • Paris, France
  • Gustave Eiffel, Builder
  • 1887 to 1889
  • Built for World’s Fair
  • 300 m (985 ft) tall
  • Has been hit by lightning
  • 300 meters tall (985 feet)
empire state building by hunter
Empire State BuildingBy Hunter
  • New York City
  • Shreve, Lamb, Harmon- Architects
  • Built from 1929-1931
  • 102 floors
  • 1,250 feet high to roof
  • Built to be the tallest building in the world and it was for 41 years counting the spire which made it 1,472 feet tall
golden gate bridge by johnathan
Golden Gate Bridgeby Johnathan
  • San Francisco, California
  • Builder, Joseph Strauss
  • 1933 to 1937
  • 4,200 feet long
  • 35 million dollars
  • To connect San Francisco to Marinby road
  • Steel towers
  • Has 80,000 miles of wires
  • Suspension bridge
hoover dam by daniel
Hoover Dam By Daniel
  • Border of Nevada and Arizona
  • Dr. Elwood Mead- head of construction
  • 1931-1936
  • Built to reserve water for Las Vegas and Los Angeles
  • Built to make electricity for the west
the leaning tower of pisa by mary
The Leaning Tower of Pisaby Mary
  • Pisa, Italy
  • 1173 A.D.
  • 179 feet tall
  • World’s most famous tower
  • Built out of marble
  • Began to teeter while still under construction because of soft soil
mount rushmore by luke
Mount Rushmore byLuke
  • Black Hills, South Dakota
  • Sculptor- Gutzon Borglum
  • 1927-1941
  • Four presidents’ heads
  • Never will be finished because sculptor wanted carvings to go to presidents’ waists
notre dame by zoe
Notre Dame By Zoe
  • Architect- Maurice De Sully
  • Built 1163 to 1250
  • Paris, France
  • Restored by Viollet le Duc
  • Large rose windows
  • Famous gargoyles
  • Restored in 1991 and 2001
  • Sculptures
  • A bell plays from southwest tower
  • Stained glass windows
palace of versailles by tyrale
Palace of Versailles by Tyrale
  • Versailles, France
  • Architect- Andre le Notre
  • Built from 1661 to 1774
  • Royal Palace
pyramid of the sun by jennifer
Pyramid of the Sun by Jennifer
  • Teotihuacan, Mexico
  • 738 ft. across tall and 246 ft. high
  • Third largest pyramid in the world
  • First stage finished around 100 A.D.
  • Two pyramids at this site- The Pyramid of the Moon is next to this one.
  • Made of stone and earth
  • Named by Aztecs years later
  • East side faces sunrise and west side faces sunset
st basil s cathedral by kelly
St. Basil’s Cathedral by Kelly
  • Moscow, Russia
  • Built after victory by Tsar Ivan IV’s win over Mongol armies
  • 1555-1560
  • Architects- Barma and Posnik
  • Eight Onion Domes and Golden Crosses
  • Church
st mark s cathedral by hannah
St. Mark’s Cathedralby Hannah
  • Venice, Italy
  • Built by Sons of Agnello Participanzio
  • Built in 832, Burned in 976, Rebuilt from 978-1063
  • 5 domes
  • Pieces of gold cover inside walls
  • Catholic Church
  • There’s a ladder on the roof
  • Pigeons gather there in spring
  • 52 meters long
statue of liberty by william
Statue of Libertyby William
  • New York Harbor
  • Architect- Frederic Bartholdi
  • 1884-1886
  • 300 feet high
  • Weighs over 200 tons
  • America’s tallest sculpture
stonehenge by amanda t norton
Stonehengeby Amanda T. Norton
  • Salisbury, England
  • Builders Unknown
  • Built 2,750 to 1,500 B.C.
  • May have over 28 rocks
  • Possibly built to tell the seasons
sydney opera house by alissa
Sydney Opera House By Alissa
  • Sydney, Australia
  • Architect Jorn Utzon
  • 1957-1973
  • Tile-clad and pre-cast concrete
  • Roof sections look like sails
  • Opera House
taj mahal by andrew
Taj Mahal By Andrew
  • Agra, India
  • 1630-1653
  • Tomb
  • Over 30,000 people built it for Shah Jahan’s wife to be buried
  • Marble and Gemstones
  • Over 100,000 people visit every year
the giza pyramid by elias
The Giza PyramidBy Elias
  • Giza, Egypt
  • 2600-2480 B.C.E.
  • Pharaoh ordered it
  • 4,000 men worked on it
  • Built to bury kings
  • Originally 481 ft. high
  • Now 449 ft. high due to erosion
the gateway arch by shannon
The Gateway Archby Shannon
  • Also called Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Arch
  • St.Louis, Missouri
  • Architect: Eero Saarinen
  • To celebrate Western States
  • 1961-1965
  • Lookout area at the top
  • 630 feet tall
  • 630 feet between the legs
  • 16,000 tons of steel
  • Underground tourist center
the great wall of china by jarod
The Great Wall of Chinaby Jarod
  • China
  • 7th Century B.C.E.
  • Ordered to be built by Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang
  • To protect the dynasty
  • Several Walls- 4,000 miles long
the sphinx by logan
The SphinxbyLogan
  • Egypt
  • Built more than 4,000 years ago
  • Architect- Khafre
  • To protect the Pyramids

and the people buried there

  • 200 feet long, 66 feet high
  • Made out of bedrock