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Fascicular Anatomy of the Human Femoral Nerve: Implications for Neural Prostheses Using Nerve Cuff Electrodes PowerPoint Presentation
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Fascicular Anatomy of the Human Femoral Nerve: Implications for Neural Prostheses Using Nerve Cuff Electrodes Adam Silva Overview Procedure Results Use of results The Study

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Fascicular Anatomy of the Human Femoral Nerve: Implications for Neural Prostheses Using Nerve Cuff Electrodes
  • Adam Silva
overview
Overview
  • Procedure
  • Results
  • Use of results
the study
The Study
  • The main point of this study was to learn about the positioning and size of the femoral nerve and its branches throughout the thigh and to gather information regarding the order and amount of fascicles innervating the muscles in the thigh
  • The information collected can then be used in the development of nerve-cuff electrodes used to restore movement to patients suffering from spinal cord injuries.
anatomy of the thigh
Anatomy of the Thigh
  • Muscles:
        • Vastus Lateralis
        • Vastus Intermedius
        • Vastus Medialis
        • Rectus Femoris
        • Sartorius
        • Pectineus
anatomy of the thigh5
Anatomy of the Thigh
  • Nerves:
    • Femoral Nerve
        • Sartorius
        • Rectus Femoris
        • Vastus Lateralis
        • Vastus Intermedius
        • Vastus Medialis
        • Pectineus
the procedure
The Procedure
  • The femoral nerve and all of its branches were removed from four female cadavers
  • The right and left femoral nerves were removed from each cadaver
  • The four subjects range from 87 to 99 years old
the procedure7
The Procedure
  • In addition to cadavers, six male patients were studied in vivo
  • These patients were undergoing vascular surgery and allowed the study to be done on them
  • The ages of the patients ranged from 51-56 years old
the results
The Results
  • The compound femoral nerve was consistently located at the midpoint of the anterior superior iliac spine and pubic symphysis
the results10
The Results
  • Fascicular anatomy varied slightly overall between each specimen, but was identical for the vasti muscles
  • The fascicles for the vasti muscles were located on the central, posterior portion of the femoral nerve
  • The fascicles for the sensory and rectus femoris nerves were located laterally on the periphery of the thigh.
the results11
The Results
  • The fascicles from the sartorius nerve varied more than the others and were found in either medial lateral or central portion of the femoral nerve
  • The fascicles from the pectineus nerve were usually found anterior to the femoral nerve
  • Overall the fascicular patterns in each specimen were relatively consistent
the results12
The Results
  • It was found that the major nerve branches required for standing were centrally located and were also the most distal branches
  • These nerves were the vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, and vastus medialis
the results13
The Results
  • The sensory nerves and nerves used for the process of standing up were located on the lateral and medial sides and were the proximal branches
  • These included the m. cutaneous, saphenous, sartorius, and rectus femoris
uses of the study
Uses of the Study
  • Most treatment of spinal cord injury involves functional electrical stimulation (FES)
  • This involves the connection of electrodes to the muscle at nerve entry points and/or intramuscular electrodes inserted into the muscle belly
uses of the study15
Uses of the study
  • These methods are successful, but have many areas for improvement
  • The procedure for these methods involves the implant of multiple electrodes in the thigh (at least one for each muscle innervated)
uses of the study16
Uses of the Study
  • The sartorius and rectus femoris muscles are important for the process of standing up, but are not needed for an individual to remain standing
  • The muscles needed to stand are the vasti muscles
  • Using the previously mentioned methods results in the contraction of other unneeded muscles like the sartorius and rectus femoris
  • This limits the amount of time the individual can remain standing
uses of the study17
Uses of the Study
  • This study has given hope for a new and more successful way to innervate the muscles of someone suffering from a spinal cord injury
  • A different method of innervating the muscles is by using the nerve cuff electrode
  • This is an electrode that is cuffed around a nerve
uses of the study18
Uses of the Study
  • By connecting to the femoral nerve the electrode can be set up so that it will transmit current to the muscles only when they are needed for use
  • This will prevent the contraction of unused muscles while standing and increase the length of time a patient can stand and walk
  • With further innovation this method could bring many breakthroughs in rehabilitation for spinal cord injuries
sources
Sources
  • Gustafson, Kenneth, Gilles Pinault, Jennifer Neville, Ishaq Syed, and John Davis. "Fascicular Anatomy of the Femoral Nerve: Implications for Neural Prostheses Using Nerve Cuff Electrodes." Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development 46. (2009): 973-984. Web. 1 Feb 2010. <http://www.rehab.research.va.gov/jour/09/46/7/Gustafson.html>.
  • http://www.ifess.org/ifess99/Free%20Paper%20Session%202/hoffer.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_electrical_stimulation