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AFPRO ENHANCING ADAPTIVE CAPACITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN SEMI-ARID REGIONS OF INDIA An International Workshop on Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change: From Practice to Policy May 11-12, 2006 New Delhi, India Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy V&A PROGRAMME

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enhancing adaptive capacity to climate change in semi arid regions of india

AFPRO

ENHANCING ADAPTIVE CAPACITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN SEMI-ARID REGIONS OF INDIA

An International Workshop on

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change:

From Practice to Policy

May 11-12, 2006

New Delhi, India

Dr. N. Sai Bhaskar Reddy

BASIC Project, India Workshop

v a programme

V&A PROGRAMME

Supported by : Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Duration: 4 years (2005 to 2009)

Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan States

Project

“VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT AND ENHANSING ADAPTIVE CAPACITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN SEMI-ARID AREAS OF INDIA”

Institutional set-up

  • National consortiumlead
    • Lead partner is MSSRF
    • Co-partners are AFPRO and MANAGE
  • International consortiumsupport services
    • INFRAS and INTERCOOPERATION Switzerland

BASIC Project, India Workshop

semi arid regions
Semi-arid regions ?
  • These climates are characterized by the fact that precipitation is less than potential evapotranspiration.
  • Characterized by relatively low annual rainfall of 25 to 60 centimeters and having scrubby vegetation with short, coarse grasses; not completely arid.

Basic Project, India Workshop

why semi arid area was chosen
Why semi-arid area was chosen ?
  • Climate extremes are an expected characteristic of semi-arid lands.
  • The people living in the semi-arid areas are particularly vulnerable to droughts, which trigger frequent subsistence crises --sharply increasing crop failures, dislocation, famine, poverty, increases stratification and the social inequities.

Basic Project, India Workshop

peoples voices
Peoples Voices

Increase in migration in our village is due to lack of rains, the agricultural labor are migrating to urban areas.

- Mr. Balaram Reddy, Karimnagar

People are shifting out of agriculture and taking up other means of livelihood activities due to lack of water. In this context food security has become another important issue

- Mr. Sheshagiri Rao, Bharat Krishak Samaj Mahabubnagar

Basic Project, India Workshop

enhancing adaptive capacity
Enhancing Adaptive capacity

1. The general ability of institutions, systems, and individuals to adjust to potential damage, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences.

2. Most populations know from local history the frequency and likely consequences of extreme climatic events. And most populations in highly variable or extreme climatic zones shape their livelihood systems to buffer against potential catastrophes.

Basic Project, India Workshop

slide7

Internal

measures

Mitigation

(Kyoto Protocol)

Joint Implementation

Flexible

mechanisms

International Emissions Trading

UNFCCC

Clean Development Mechanism

Step I: Assessment of impacts and vulnerability

Adaptation

Step II: Capacity building

Step III: Adaptation measures

Basic Project, India Workshop

the process of adaptation
The process of adaptation

At the appropriated level

Preparation (incl. training/training needs evaluation)

Vulnerability assessment

Implementation of adaptation measures

Basic Project, India Workshop

objectives of policy and advocacy
Objectives of Policy and Advocacy
  • To foster dialogue and improve communication between all kind of interfaces in order to better address climate changes.
  • Agree with partners on a common conceptual framework regarding the way forward.
  • To ensure bottom-up linkages through policy dialogue at national and international level .

Basic Project, India Workshop

slide10

Nationally support process that would influence the systems within the government, through dialogue on a meaningful platform

Internationally support process which would lead to simplification of protocols and mechanisms in favor of the poor

Support to partners for documenting best practices /cases to influence policies

BASIC Project, India Workshop

policy and advocacy process
Policy and Advocacy - Process

Other national and international partners for selected activities

SDC - Steering and trust management

National Level

Steering Committee

  • GOI (Agriculture and MoEF), NGOs, Research Institutions, SDC, other donors, etc.

State Level

Advisory Committees (for Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan States)

  • GoAP, NGOs, Research Institutions, District Collector, etc.

National Forum on Advocacy

Vulnerability Atlas by MSSRF

A Website for sharing the learning’s

Basic Project, India Workshop

v a programme goal
V & A Programme - Goal

To secure the livelihoods of rural poor & vulnerable communities by promoting adoption measures that builds & enhance their capacity to better cope with adverse impacts of climate change & by promoting their disaster preparedness

Basic Project, India Workshop

project objectives
Project Objectives
  • To build community level capacities with regards to best practices and technologies in the agriculture, water & energy sector
  • To optimize the service delivery system & services at selected sites of AP & Raj
  • To promote policy dialogue, & advocacy at different levels

Basic Project, India Workshop

salient features of the v a programme
Salient features of the V & A Programme
  • Process oriented, allowing a multi-level, learning-action-reflection cycle
  • Holistic approach (funds, functionaries and functions): systemic livelihoods
  • Interlinking levels: community level with state, national, regional, and international level
  • Focus on ‘optimising delivery systems' at local community level, i.e. the role of extension services in enhancing the coping capacity of local liveli-hood systems against the adverse impacts of climate change.

Basic Project, India Workshop

thematic focus
Thematic Focus

Agriculture

(Food Security)

Water

(Availability & Quality)

Rural Energy (Biomass)

Basic Project, India Workshop

slide17

Field level interventions

Basic Project, India Workshop

duration period
Duration/Period:
  • 2005: Inception phase:
    • Finalise work plan, plan activities, start first activities
  • 2006-2007: Implementation phase
    • Research, action learning, pilot activities at community level,
  • 2008: Outreach & dissemination phase
    • Translate action learning and pilot activity results into policy dialogue.

Basic Project, India Workshop

scope of activities
Scope of Activities
  • Research
  • Capacity Building
  • Partnership Building
  • Infrastructure Building
  • Demonstration of relevant ideas/technologies

Basic Project, India Workshop

research
Research

Document-

ation of

Best Practices

Vulnerability

Profile

Knowledge

Gaps

Review of

Institutional

Functions,

Policies

Research

Appropriate

technologies

Situational

Analysis

Basic Project, India Workshop

capacity building
Capacity Building

Training

  • Institutional Level
  • Community Level

Education

  • Awareness

Basic Project, India Workshop

v a programme andhra pradesh
V & A ProgrammeAndhra Pradesh

Mahabubnagar District

Basic Project, India Workshop

district profile
DISTRICT PROFILE
  • Geographical area : 18.45 Lakhs Ha.
  • Population : Male : 17.81 Lakhs

: Female : 17.28 Lakhs

: Total : 35.09 Lakhs

3. Literacy : 38.67%

4. Forest area : 16%

5. Rainfall (Normal) : 604 m.m.

6. Cattle population : 19.10 Lakh Cow Units

7. All the blocks are declared as Drought Prone Areas

Basic Project, India Workshop

rainfall mahaboonagar district 1952 2003
Rainfall Mahaboonagar District 1952-2003

Basic Project, India Workshop

cause of drought situation
CAUSE OF DROUGHT SITUATION
  • Skewed distribution of rainfall – 40% deficit from June-August which is the sowing season
  • Depletion of ground water situation
  • Untimely heavy rains during Sept – Oct affects the crops
  • Lack of Rainfall during November-December adversely affects Rabi sowings

Basic Project, India Workshop

slide26

LIVELIHOODS 

  • Low productivity of lands and small land holdings leading to disguised unemployment, increasing the vulnerability.
  • The district is traditionally known for its migrant laborers one of the important causes are:
    • Non-sustainable traditional occupations
    • Wage rates are low and also women are paid less than men.
  • About 1.75 lakhs small farmers and 2.94 marginal farmers are dependent on wage employment.
  • About 3.20 lakhs agricultural laborers who are below poverty line are also dependent on agricultural wage employment.

Basic Project, India Workshop

activities at village level
Activities at Village level
  • Situational Analysis Phase – I report of Andhra Pradesh is prepared.
  • Situational Analysis Phase – II

Secondary Data

Best Practices / Story lines

Participatory Situational Analysis

Bio-physical Studies

Participatory Action Plan

Capacity Building

Basic Project, India Workshop

framework for situation analysis
Framework for situation analysis

Basic Project, India Workshop

village level awareness campaigns
Village level Awareness Campaigns

Basic Project, India Workshop

participatory action planning
Participatory Action Planning

Basic Project, India Workshop

exposure awareness farmers
Exposure / Awareness - Farmers
  • Exposure and awareness field visits - Farmers, Women and youth

Sustainable Agricultural Practices, agricultural implements, farm animals, kitchen gardens, food processing, non-farm livelihood options, Agro-meteorology information, agri-buisness, agri-clinics, non-farm based livelihoods, etc

Basic Project, India Workshop

soil testing by village youth
Soil testing by village youth

Basic Project, India Workshop

home gardens
Home Gardens

Basic Project, India Workshop

good stoves community participation in design and adaptation
Good Stoves – Community participation in design and adaptation

Basic Project, India Workshop

good stove design
Good Stove Design

www.bioenergylists.org

Basic Project, India Workshop

low cost wood gas stoves designed with community participation
Low-Cost Wood Gas Stoves designed with community participation

Basic Project, India Workshop

slide38

Village Knowledge Centers

Information

Knowledge(Locale Specific and Demand Driven)

VHF

Basic Project, India Workshop

slide40
Thank you . .

Basic Project, India Workshop