ATUM NUT EARTH, WATER, AIR and SKY Creation Story GEB Story SHU TEFNUT
Gods, Goddesses and More Gods • Over 2000 Gods/Goddesses from all over the country • Country was not united, therefore about 40 ruling tribes all had their own deities • They all have Gods AND Goddesses • Have Gods or Goddesses for everything. Ex. Gods/Goddesses for Beer, Plants, Digestion, Gardens, Feasting etc.
Gods and Humans • Gods and Goddesses resembled humans • Deities married, had families and children. *the Creation Story* • Egyptian Gods/Goddesses have divine strengths and human weaknesses • Why? • Goddesses are usually shown with legs joined together • Gods usually shown in motion, striding
The Appearance of Gods • THOTH= God of Wisdom, Time, Writing • Represented by a male body with the head of an Ibis. • Ibis=stork like bird with long legs and beak to catch fish in mud • Ibis, symbolized wisdom because beak shaped like a pen and dips in the mud as if it was ink
OSIRIS=God of Vegetation and Underworld • Represented by a male body with a greenish complexion and usually depicted wrapped in white linen • The greenish complexion draws the connection with vegetation • Wrapped in white linen like a mummy to connect with the underworld Notice: Osiris’ legs are bind together like a mummy different from most Gods
Common Godly Clothing Short Sleeved Overall Full-Length Dress Tunic with Suspenders Dress with Suspenders Short Loincloth
Scepter with a flower are often carried by goddesses • Herdsmen's crook= protector of domesticated animals • Was-scepter=“domination” and “power” • This staff is usually held by Ptah • Crook and flail with Was-scepter and ankh-sign. Usually unique to Osiris Most of these objects were unique to one female deity, however the solar disc and horns of Hathor could be worn by other deities.