Chapter 9 Partnerships in the supply chain - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 9 Partnerships in the supply chain

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  1. Chapter 9Partnerships in the supply chain

  2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Choosing the right relationships Partnerships in the supply chain Supplier networks Supplier development ImplementingPartnerships Content

  3. What types of relationships can be observed in supply chains? 1 How can each type of relationship be tailored to different types of product? 2 Choosing the right relationships • Key issues

  4. Choosing the right relationships The essential of supply chain is collaboration

  5. Inside system Inter-organizational Inter-personal trust Almost none Vertical integration Joint venture Strategic alliance Partnership Arm’s-length Choosing the right relationships Relationship styles continuum

  6. Bottleneck items Strategic items little No. of available supplier Non-critical items Leverage items large weakness strength Buyer power Choosing the right relationships Reducing dependence on these items through diversification of suppliers and substitute products Using strength carefully to draw suppliers into a relationship that ensures supply in the long term Reducing prices and pushing for preferential treatment Not jointly developed; Unbranded; Do not affect performance and safety in particular; have required low investment in specific tools and equipment

  7. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Choosing the right relationships Partnerships in the supply chain Supplier networks Supplier development ImplementingPartnerships Content

  8. What are partnerships? 1 What are partnerships’ advantages and disadvantages? 2 Partnerships in the supply chain • Key issues

  9. Partnerships in the supply chain • Lower level of collaboration results in information block and inefficiency

  10. Partnerships in the supply chain • The characteristics of partnerships • Sharing of information • Trust and openness • Coordination and planning • Mutual benefits and sharing of risks • A recognition of mutual interdependence • Shared goals • Compatibility of corporate philosophies

  11. Partnerships in the supply chain Characteristics of partnership types

  12. Partnerships in the supply chain • Economic justification for partnerships • Inter-firm relation-specific assets • Duration of safeguards • Volume of inter-firm transactions • Knowledge-sharing routines • Partner-specific absorptive capacity • Incentives to encourage transparency and discourage free riding • Complementary resources and capabilities • Effective governance • Employ informal governance mechanisms

  13. Partnerships in the supply chain • Advantages of partnerships • Save cost of negotiations • Reduce monitoring of supplier soundness • Increase productivity • Disadvantages of partnerships • Inability to price accurately qualitative matters such as design work • Need for organizations to gather substantial information about potential partners on which to base decisions • Risk of divulging sensitive information to competitors • Potential opportunism by suppliers

  14. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Choosing the right relationships Partnerships in the supply chain Supplier networks Supplier development ImplementingPartnerships Content

  15. What are supplier associations? 1 What is Japanese Keiretsu? 2 Supplier networks • Key issues

  16. Supplier networks • Supplier associations • The network of a company’s important suppliers brought together for the purpose of coordination and development. Through the supplier association forum this company provides training and resource for production and logistics process improvements. The association also provides the opportunity for its members to improve the quality and frequency of communications, a critical factor for improving operational performance. (Aitken, 1998 )

  17. Supplier networks • Supplier associations

  18. Supplier networks

  19. Supplier networks • Japanese keiretsu • Japanese business consortia based on cooperation, coordination, joint ownership and control. • The keiretsu’s controlling base • Equity exchange between supply chain members

  20. Supplier networks

  21. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Choosing the right relationships Partnerships in the supply chain Supplier networks Supplier development ImplementingPartnerships Content

  22. How can upstream supply processes be integrated to improve material flow? 1 Supplier development • Key issue

  23. Supplier development • Integrated processes • Collaborative planning and strategic development • New product development • Material replenishment • Payment

  24. Supplier development • Integrated processes

  25. Supplier development • Synchronous production • The approaches to improve synchronous supply chain processes • Transparency of information upstream and downstream • Vendor-managed inventory (VMI)

  26. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Choosing the right relationships Partnerships in the supply chain Supplier networks Supplier development ImplementingPartnerships Content

  27. What are the barriers to achieving partnerships in the supply chain? 1 Implementing partnerships • Key issue

  28. Implementing partnerships Open market negotiations cooperation Coordination collaboration

  29. Implementing partnerships • Barriers to build partnerships • Power • Self-interest • Focus on negative implications of partnership • Opportunism • Focus on price