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Accident Investigation for Supervisors. Introduction. Most Frequent BGSU OSHA Recordable Injuries/Illnesses Slips, trips and falls Strains and sprains Cuts Struck by an object. Objectives. Types of accidents Causes or contributing factors of accidents

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Accident Investigation for Supervisors

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Presentation Transcript
  • Most Frequent BGSU OSHA Recordable Injuries/Illnesses
    • Slips, trips and falls
    • Strains and sprains
    • Cuts
    • Struck by an object
  • Types of accidents
  • Causes or contributing factors of accidents
  • How to perform an accident investigation
  • What documentation should be completed
  • The failure of people, equipment, supplies or surroundings to behave or react as expected, causes most accidents.
  • Accident investigations determine how and why these failures occur.
  • Accident investigations are a tool for supervisors and accident investigation teams to find main causes of illnesses, injuries, and “near misses” allowing for corrective actions.
  • Departments are encouraged to use the BGSU Accident Investigation Report Form as a method of reducing hazards in their areas.
  • The aim of an accident investigation should be to prevent recurrence of the same accident.
  • Accident
    • An unplanned event that interrupts the completion of an activity that may or may not result in personal injury, illness or in property damage.
  • Near Miss
    • An unplanned event that interrupts the completion of an activity which directly involves the workers and does not result in personal injury, illness or in property damage.
  • Accident Investigation
    • The process of determining the causes of accidents and implementing corrective actions to prevent recurrence.
types of accidents
Types of Accidents
  • Minor Accidents
    • Accidents that cause minor injury/illness, requiring little or no treatment, or property damage.
  • Serious Accidents
    • Accidents that cause injury/illness or damage to equipment and/or property. If the accident is considered an OSHA recordable the accident is serious.
outcomes of accidents
Outcomes of Accidents
  • Negative
    • Injury, illness, or death, property and equipment damage, lost productivity, poor morale and $$$$$$.
  • Positive
    • Accident investigations
      • increase productivity, improve operations, raise awareness and prevent recurrence.
causes and contributing factors of accidents
Causes and Contributing Factors of Accidents
  • Accident Causation Model
    • Tasks
    • Material
    • Environment
    • Personnel
    • Management
1 task
1. Task
  • Ergonomics
  • Safety work procedures
  • Condition changes
  • Process
  • Materials
  • Workers
  • Appropriate tools/materials
  • Safety devices (including lockout)
2 material
2. Material
  • Equipment failure
  • Machinery design/guarding
  • Hazardous substances
  • Substandard material
3 environment
3. Environment
  • Weather conditions
  • Housekeeping
  • Temperature
  • Lighting
  • Air contaminants
  • Personal protective equipment
4 human factor
4. Human Factor
  • Level of experience
  • Level of training
  • Physical capability
  • Health
  • Fatigue
  • Stress
5 management process failure
5. Management/Process Failure
  • Visible active senior management support for safety
  • Safety policies
  • Enforcement of safety policies
  • Adequate supervision
  • Knowledge of hazards
  • Hazard corrective action
  • Preventive maintenance
  • Regular audits
who should perform the accident investigation
Who Should Perform theAccident Investigation?
  • Dependent on the severity
    • Person involved
    • Supervisor
    • Environmental Health and Safety
  • The advantage of having a supervisor perform the investigation is the supervisor is likely to be the most knowledgeable about the work, the persons involved, and current conditions.
  • The supervisor can also take immediate remedial action.
steps in an accident investigation
Steps in an Accident Investigation
  • Initial Response
  • Information Gathering
  • Analysis and Conclusion
  • BGSU Accident Investigation Report
step 1 initial response
Step 1 - Initial Response
  • After an accident occurs, the initial response should be as follows:
    • Get treatment for individuals that may be injured.
    • Assure the safety of others.
    • Secure the site.
    • Complete the BGSU Injury/Illness Reporting Form.
step 2 information gathering
Step 2 – Information Gathering
  • Inspect the accident site and note information such as:
    • Positions of injured workers
    • Equipment and materials being used
    • Safety devices in use
    • Position on appropriate guards
    • Positions of controls of machinery
    • Damage to equipment
    • Housekeeping of the area
    • Weather conditions
    • Lighting levels
    • Noise levels
step 2 information gathering19
Step 2 – Information Gathering
  • Gather information:
    • On procedures and rules for the area
    • On maintenance records and equipment involved
    • By taking photographs and making diagrams
    • From employees
step 2 information gathering20
Step 2 – Information Gathering
  • Interview
    • Injured person or persons
    • Witnesses
    • Supervisors
  • It is important to interview to establish an understanding and to obtain in his/her own words what happened.
step 2 information gathering21
Step 2 – Information Gathering
  • Interview Do’s
    • Put the witness, who is probably upset, at ease
    • Emphasize the real reason for the investigation, to determine what happened and why
    • Let the witness talk, you listen
    • Confirm that you have the statement correct
    • Try to sense any underlying feelings of the witness
    • Make short notes only during the interview
    • Ask open ended questions
step 2 information gathering22
Step 2 – Information Gathering
  • Interview Do Not’s
    • Intimidate the witness
    • Interrupt
    • Prompt
    • Ask leading questions
    • Show your own emotions
    • Make lengthy notes while the witness is talking
step 2 information gathering23
Step 2 – Information Gathering
  • Ask Who? What? Where? When? How?
  • Conduct interviews separately
  • Make it clear that the investigation is used to avoid recurrence and not to place blame
step 3 analysis and conclusion
Step 3 – Analysis and Conclusion
  • Isolate contributory factors
    • Would the accident have occurred if this particular factor was not present?
  • Determine
    • Why the accident occurred
    • A likely sequence of events and probably causes
  • Accident Tree Handout (Tab 1)
  • Example
    • Bad Report (Tab 2)
    • Better Report (Tab 3)
step 3 analysis and conclusion25
Step 3 – Analysis and Conclusion
  • Draw conclusions and make recommendations based on key contributing factors and causes.
  • Implement corrective actions and set a time table to complete them.
step 4 bgsu accident investigation report
Step 4 - BGSU Accident Investigation Report
  • Statement of injured or ill employee concerning the incident and injured employee information
  • Witness statements
  • Equipment involved
  • Other factors or contributing causes
  • Corrective action plan

Tab 4

  • What are the different types of accidents
  • What causes or contributes to accidents
  • How do you perform an accident investigation
  • What documentation should be completed
where to get more information
Where to Get More Information
  • Injury and Illness Reporting and Job Safety at BGSU Training
  • Environmental Health and Safety Web Site

  • Environmental Health and Safety