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Integrating Extensive Reading (ER) into the Freshman Reading Course
What is the new requirement for graduation for all Freshman entering university starting September, 2011?
Beginning 2011-12 academic year, all university students must pass a language proficiency test.
What is the present situation? • Most of you have little confidence in your English ability • You avoid English as much as you can; you won’tspeak it unless asked to do so by your teacher; you won’t listen to it;you don’t read it on your own and naturally, you won’t use it in writing unless it’s a homework assignment
Many of you will find your English not improving after high school; in fact, it worsens incollege; • Many of you will have a difficult time passing the graduation language proficiency test; • Worst of all, you can’t get your graduation diploma.
Freshman Reading Course –2 parts:(1) intensive reading (IR)(2) extensive reading (ER)
Think of it in terms of learning to drive or learning to play tennisdriving lessons + practice on the roadtennis lessons + practice on the court
Extensive Reading What is extensive reading (ER)? What is the rationale behind ER? How do you do it? When and where do you do it?
What is Extensive Reading (ER) or Pleasure Reading ? Definition • Reading longer and easy-to-understand material; • Reading is done mostly outside the classroom; • Reading is done at one’s own pace and level; • Reading material is chosen by the students themselves based on their own interest; hence, another name for extensive readingis “Pleasure Reading”
STUDENT ORIENTATION to Extensive ReadingChart contrasting intensive and extensive reading
Why do we need to do Extensive Reading (ER)? Rationale • Reading skills enhanced; • Reading speed (fluency) increased; • General language proficiency improved; • Attitude toward reading and language learning changed - from “studying” English and “passing tests” to enjoying reading and learning.
And, among the 4 language skills, reading is the most essential. And it effects all the other skills…
Reading effects all the other skills Reading comprehension Reading Writing (spelling, grammar, etc.) Speaking Vocabulary, grammar Listening
How do we go about doing extensive reading? Procedure • Find out your reading level (test); See chart for level and color scheme; • Find a graded reader that interests you(romance, mystery, science fiction, etc.); • Read for general understanding, information and pleasure; • Follow 5 basic rules; • Keep a reading journal/reader’s response log (Online Discussion Forum)
EPER test results When you get your test results you will be told what EPER level you are in (G ~ X). Each level has been given a color that matches the level of graded readers you should be reading. When you go to the library you will be able to find the graded readers easily, simply by looking for the matching color. The numbers above show how many words are used in the readers.
What do students do next? Weekly log into Discussion Forum 20-30 min/ 7 days/week 15 - 20 minutes Write the log online in English in the Discussion Forum about the story, character or anything related to the story Begin reading it everyday; Keeping a log of your reading Decide on book and read it in the library Browse through stack to find a book that interests you Go to library (7th Floor) Look for “English Extensive Reading Room” • For example: • Have you had a similar experience in your lifetime? • Do you like the protagonist? Why ? If you find that the book is not interesting, return and find another one.
Look for “English Extensive Reading Room” on the 7th floor of our library
BASIC RULESSuggested by Day and Bamford (Forum 38,3, p.17) • Select your reading materials based on your interests and reading ability (level). • Do NOT use dictionaries. Practice the skills of either guessing at the meanings of unknown words or ignoring them. In other words, use the context to guess the meaning of the unknown word.
Do not be concerned with every detail. Keep reading in the face of difficulty and go to get the overall meaning or the gist of the story. • It is recommended that you should read 10 graded readers of the same level before you go to the next level. • If a book is boring or too hard, stop reading and find another book. The most important thing is to enjoy reading. Another term for extensive reading is “pleasure reading.”
When and where do we do ER? Time and Location Time: when and for how long? Anytime – between classes, waiting for bus, waiting for someone, weekends and holidays, any spare time; for as long or short a time as you like and as often as possible Location: Anyplace – outside of classes (sometimes, in class), coffee shop, in dorm, at home, etc.
Yes, it’s true.The more you read, the more your chances of passing the language proficiency test sooner!
Also, you will continue enjoying reading and learning on your own for the rest of your life!
“You're the same today as you'll be in five years except for the people you meet and the books you read.” - Charlie Jones