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VERBS. Principal Parts Tenses Troublesome Verbs. VERBS – 4 Principal Parts. 1. Present - base form look 2. Present Participle (am/is/are) looking 3. Past looked 4. Past Participle (has/have/had) looked. Regular Verbs. Add -ing to form the PRESENT PARTICIPLE

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

VERBS

Principal Parts

Tenses

Troublesome Verbs

slide2

VERBS – 4 Principal Parts

1. Present - base form look

2. Present Participle(am/is/are) looking

3. Pastlooked

4. Past Participle(has/have/had) looked

slide3

Regular Verbs

  • Add -ing to form the PRESENT PARTICIPLE

raise + ing = raising

talk + ing = talking

  • Add –d or –ed to form PAST and PAST PARTICIPLE

raise + d = raised; (has/have/had) raised

talk + ed = talked; (has/have/had) raised

slide4

Regular Verbs – Practice

  • jump Present
  • (am/is/are) jumping Present Participle
  • jumped Past
  • (has/have/had) jumped Past Participle

You do:

talk enjoy stop wish

travel receive argue remember

slide5

Irregular Verbs

  • Also add –ing to form PRESENT PARTICIPLE

drink + ing = drinking

  • BUT … forms the PAST and PAST PARTICIPLE by changing the present/base form altogether

drank = PAST

(has/have/had) drunk = PAST PARTICIPLE

slide6

Irregular Verbs – Practice

  • break Present
  • (am/is/are) breaking Present Participle
  • broke Past
  • (has/have/had) broken Past Participle

You do:

choose eat freeze drive

catch bite know bring

slide7

Practice Sentences

  • The judges have (chose, chosen) the finalists.
  • James (walk, walked) to the library today.
  • My favorite jeans have (began, begun) to wear out.
  • Someone (broke, has broke) that valuable vase.
  • Have you (began, begun) studying for the test?
  • We have (ate, eaten) already.
slide8

More Practice

7. The snow cone has (froze, frozen) my tongue.

8. Sue has (broked, broken) the record for the long jump event.

9. The team captains (chose, chosen) their players carefully.

10. Have you (chose, chosen) a topic yet?

  • Have you (brung, brought) your application to the office?
  • He has (drank, drunk) only water at practice.
slide9

GRAPHIC ORGANIZER

  • The principal parts of a verb are:
  • present/base
  • present participle
  • past
  • past participle

The principal parts of a verb help create the

six tenses.

slide10

A regular verb forms its present participle by adding –ing and its past and past participle by adding –d or –ed to the present/base form.

  • An irregular verb forms its present participle by also adding –ing but forms the past and past participle by changing the present/base form all together.
slide11

Troublesome Verbs

Sit or Set?

Rise or Raise?

Lie or Lay?

sentence practice
Sentence Practice
  • Today, I want to (lie, lay) in the sun.
  • Yesterday, I (lie, lay) I the sun.
  • The girl (lay, laid) her paper on the table.
  • The teacher has (laid, lain) the pen on her desk.
  • The student (raised, rose) at four o’clock.
  • (Raise, Rise) the window shade.
  • We always (set, sit) the boxes on the floor.
  • The boy (set, sat) in his favorite chair.
slide13

The student (raised, rose) his hand.

  • Mother (raised, rose) the shade in the kitchen.
  • Our neighbor (sat, set) his garbage can outside.
  • Sally has (lain, laid) under the tree all day.
  • Julio had (sat, set) at the park until dark.
  • The girl had (rose, risen) to the occasion.
  • The coach (set, sat) the trophy on the shelf.
  • Dad is (laying, lying) on the couch in the den.
  • The dog likes to (lie, lay) on the rug.
  • The class (raised, rose) the question again.