NIH Funding Opportunitiesfor Economists C-FARE Session AAEA Annual MeetingMontreal July 26, 2003 Rachel A. Nugent, Ph.D. Fogarty International Center National Institutes of Health
Overview of Presentation • Opening the black box: what is NIH? • Why consider applying for funding at NIH? • What to do before applying • After you apply • Opportunities for economists at NIH • Contact me with questions
Why apply for funding at NIH? New emphasis on social and behavioral research Increase in inter-disciplinary research $2.5 billion in behavioral and social science research throughout NIH
How NIH grant funding works • 80% investigator-initiated proposals • Three deadlines per year on a revolving basis • Fixed receipt dates: Feb 1, June 1, Oct 1 • 20% respond to solicitations: PAs and RFAs • Referred to appropriate IC and peer reviewed • IC determines funding line
Main types of research grants for investigators: • R01 - Research Project Grant • R03 - Small Grant • R21 – Planning Grant • K01 – Research Career Development Award
Special funding initiatives: RFA: Request for Applications PA: Program Announcement • How NIH asks researchers to consider certain topics or areas • Also how NIH notifies researchers that funding mechanisms (e.g., R03s) are available
Is it worth the effort? • True, NIH is very competitive • Grant applications are demanding • Most senior NIH researchers failed initially, but eventually succeeded • But, you control the science • NIH support is generous and prestigious
Things to do before applying • Identify target IC and relevant program staff • Get advice from program staff about research plan and funding mechanisms • Review the website for: • Research recently funded • Current RFAs and PAs • Information for applicants
CRISP Computer Retrieval of Information on ScientificProjects Database of federally-funded biomedical research • National Institutes of Health (NIH), • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (SAMHSA), • Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), • Food and Drug Administration (FDA), • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), • Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (AHRQ), • Office of Assistant Secretary of Health (OASH).
Use CRISP to: • Search for scientific concepts, emerging trends and techniques • Search for funded grant abstracts • Find NIH institutes interested in your area • Find the NIH study section that reviews applications in your research area
NIH HOME PAGE http//:www.nih.gov
GRANTS PAGE Watch for the GUIDE in a later slide
CRISP HOME PAGE http://crisp.cit.nih.gov
Do more digging • Find NIH grantees and ask them for: • Successful applications • Successful summary statements • Unsuccessful summary statements • “Summary statement” is the written critique from the peer review, called “pink sheet”
Additional preparation (cont.) • Work with a researcher who has been through the NIH process • Choose the right topic • Something you know • Something you are recognized for • Don’t go beyond what you can do
Study the “study section” • Look up the rosters of recent study sections: • Center for Scientific Review www.csr.nih.gov/Committees/rosterindex.asp • IC-specific Divisions of Scientific Review • Ascertain what study section will review your proposal • Talk to the program officer about the study section if you have any concerns
NIH Review System • What do the reviewers want to determine? • SCIENTIFIC CREDIBILITY • What does the IC want to determine? • WILL THE WORK HAVE IMPACT AND BE SUCCESSFUL IF FUNDED • Who reviews? • Center for Scientific Review • Institutes’ own review panels • Special Emphasis Panel
How Does the Application Flow Through the System? • Comes into CSR >65,000 applications per year >500,000,000 pieces of paper
Panel-Make Up • Scientific Review Administrator (SRA) • Chairperson • Panel Members • First, second and third reviewers
Review, funding decision, and after • Wait for your priority score and summary statement • Contact the program officer with questions • If unsuccessful, consider an appeal or reapplication • If successful, fulfill ALL your promises, stay in touch with your program officer
Human Subject Concerns • http://ohrp.osophs.dhhs.gov/index.html • Federal Wide Assurance (FWA) • The Federal Policy (Common Rule) for the protection of human subjects at Section 103(a) requires that each institution "engaged" in Federally-supported human subject research file an "Assurance" of protection for human subjects. The requirement to file an Assurance includes both "awardee" and collaborating "performance site" institutions.
What’s inside the black box for economists? • National Institute for Child Health and Development • National Institute on Aging • Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research/OD • Fogarty International Center • National Institute on Drug Abuse • National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse • National Institute of Mental Health
NICHD: Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch • Economist: Jeff Evans, Ph.D. • Economic Demography • Intergenerational Transactions https://www.nichd.nih.gov/about/cpr/dbs.htm http://www.nichd.nih.gov/about/cpr/dbs/htm#staff
NICHD (cont.) • Demographer: Rebecca Clark, Ph.D. • Population and environment • Immigration • Population movement • Demographic Methods http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-98-098.html http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-95-036.html
NIA: Behavioral and Social Research • Associate Director: Richard Suzman, Ph.D. • Individual Behavioral Processes • Population and Social Processes • Demography and Epidemiology • Health and Retirement • Health and Social Institutions http://www.nia.nih.gov/research/extramural/behavior/programs.htm
OBSSR: Behavioral and Social Science Research • Chief: Virginia Cain, Ph.D. • Methodology and Measurement in Social Science (PA-02-072) http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-02-072.html • Social and Cultural Dimensions of Health (PA-02-043) http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-02-043.html
Fogarty International Center, NIH Mission:Promote and support scientific research and training internationally to reduce disparities in global health. “Science for Global Health”
Fogarty International Center • International Studies in Health and Economic Development (ISHED) http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-TW-01-001.html • Health, environment and economic development (HEED) http://grants2.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-TW-03-005.html • International Research Scientist Development Award (IRSDA) K01 http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-02-041.htm
International Studies in Health and Economic Development • Purpose: R01 research grants to examine and establish the scientific basis for linkages between health and economics; including microeconomic behavior, health systems analysis, health financing, macroeconomic impacts and measures
International Studies in Health and Economic Development • 11 research grants in FY 2001-2005, 5 full awards and 6 development awards • Examining links between health and economic outcomes • 4 of the full awards examine impacts of nutrition on cognitive and economic outcomes
ISHED (cont.) • 3 awards examining impact of HIV/AIDS on economic outcomes • Other studies looking at impacts of iron supplementation, micronutrient deficiency and education intervention on multiple physical and economic pathways
Health, Environment and Economic Development (HEED) Objective: support interdisciplinary, international research collaborations on the linkages among health, environment, and development in developing countries
Over 800 million people in the world are food insecure. Over 1 million people die each year from work-related diseases and injuries.
By 2006, more than 50% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. Children in mega-cities receive 2-8 times WHO guidelines for air pollutants.
2-3.5 billion people in developing countries rely on traditional fuels for cooking and heating.
Inappropriate livestock-rearing practices lead to zoonotic disease and antibiotic resistance.
Health, Environment and Economic Development (HEED) Program Highlights • Developmental grants in 2003 • Full research grants in 2005-6 • Strong research capacity building • Policy relevance and dissemination plans • Evaluation of impacts
Health, Environment and Economic Development (HEED) HEED Topics • Health & Environmental Impacts of a Major Pipeline Project in Chad • Ecological Approach to Malaria Control in Brazil • Reducing SO2 Emissions in Taiyuan, China • Air Quality, Respiratory Health and Industrial Zoning in Delhi
Health, Environment and Economic Development (HEED) HEED Topics • Factors Associated with the Use of Pesticides in southern Africa • Water Privatization Policies and Health in Chile • Impact of Leishmaniasis on HEED in Tunisia
Career Development Award – K01 • Open to U.S. post-docs and junior faculty • Four years of salary support to develop global health research career • Develop a mentored training and research plan • Exs: Evaluation of Progresa program, economic impact of AIDS funerals, transmission of SFV through bushmeat
growing Issue: Obesity • NIH Task Force formed in April 2003 to design obesity research agenda • Issue will receive substantial funding • Trans-NIH and cross-disciplinary
Building a Framework for Organizing and Coordinating Obesity Research Activities Identification of genetic, behavioral and environmental factors causing obesity Understanding pathogenesis of obesity and its comorbidities Prevention and treatment of obesity Policy, health services, economics, translation to practice Enabling technologies Development of multi-disciplinary research teams