slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
IMPLEMENTING BLUE SKY PROGRAM: THE ROLE OF NON-MOTORIZED TRANSPORT IN IMPROVING AIR QUALITY IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
IMPLEMENTING BLUE SKY PROGRAM: THE ROLE OF NON-MOTORIZED TRANSPORT IN IMPROVING AIR QUALITY IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

IMPLEMENTING BLUE SKY PROGRAM: THE ROLE OF NON-MOTORIZED TRANSPORT IN IMPROVING AIR QUALITY IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 188 Views
  • Uploaded on

IMPLEMENTING BLUE SKY PROGRAM: THE ROLE OF NON-MOTORIZED TRANSPORT IN IMPROVING AIR QUALITY IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA. H. Herry Zudianto 1 Dr. Danang Parikesit 2. 1. Former Mayor of Yogyakarta, Indonesia

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'IMPLEMENTING BLUE SKY PROGRAM: THE ROLE OF NON-MOTORIZED TRANSPORT IN IMPROVING AIR QUALITY IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA' - belle


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

IMPLEMENTING BLUE SKY PROGRAM: THE ROLE OF NON-MOTORIZED TRANSPORT IN IMPROVING AIR QUALITY IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA

H. Herry Zudianto1

Dr. Danang Parikesit2

1. Former Mayor of Yogyakarta, Indonesia

2. Technical Adviser to the Mayor of Yogyakarta City Government, Lecturer at Faculty of Engineering and Senior Researcher at the Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies, both at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta Indonesia

yogyakarta
Yogyakarta
  • Small scale city at the Java Island, 32,50 km2
  • Population 517,000, density 160 people/ha
  • Main activities: tourism, education, trading
current condition of transportation
Mixed TrafficCURRENT CONDITION OF TRANSPORTATION

Congested Roads

Bad Image of Public Tranport

Air Pollution

responding development needs and air quality issues
RESPONDING DEVELOPMENT NEEDS AND AIR QUALITY ISSUES
  • Declining small and medium business in the city centre – revitalization of city centre through improved environmental condition
  • Promoting new growth centers – de-concentration of business and utilizing spatial capacity
cleaner mobility and urban revitalization
CLEANER MOBILITY AND URBAN REVITALIZATION
  • Cleaner mobility as a result of urban development strategy, and not as an objective
  • Created as a program package
    • Public transport reform
    • Revitalization of CBD
    • Promotion of NMT (non-motorized transport)
    • Introduction of I & M scheme
development of non motorized transport
Development of Non Motorized Transport
  • The amount of non motorized transport in the city tends to be constant:
    • Rickshaws: 6,000
    • Horse drawn carts: 79
    • Bicycles users: 42,987 (in 2003) dropped to 27,569 (in 2005)  34%.
  • Compare to motorized vehicles:
    • 213,690 motorcycles, 31,432 cars
    • The annual growth level is 8.25% for motorcycle and 6.65% for cars
  • Mode share:
    • Motorcycles: 53.1%
    • Cars: 12.2%
    • Bus: 7.8%
    • NMT: 17.9%
    • Others: 9%
multy stakeholders initiatives
MULTY STAKEHOLDERS INITIATIVES
  • Government
  • Private Sector
  • Civil Society
  • Media
government initiatives
GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
  • Provision of Regulatory
    • Development of draft NMT regional regulation;
    • Registration & Legislation of NMT (rickshaw)
  • Provision of infrastructure
    • Special lane, e.g. contra-flow lane (still at pilot stage), bicycle lane (proposed design)
    • Pedestrian and NMT Facilities (pedestrian crossings, rickshaw rank, NMT special lane) at the city center (Malioboro Area)
urban greening program
Creating people’s awareness on the clean and green environment – cities should be develop for people, not vehicles

Encouraging people to act together

Creating livable urban space – a place to meet, and a shelter for urban population

Encourage people to walk!

URBAN GREENING PROGRAM
private sector and ngos initiatives
PRIVATE SECTOR AND NGOs INITIATIVES
  • Pedestrianization development plan at the city center using Public Private Partnership (PPP) scheme
  • Rickshaw Modernization
    • New technology for less weight, more space, safer, more ergonomic with comparable price
    • Development of rickshaw training center
attracting private sector developer city center revitalization
ATTRACTING PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPER: CITY CENTER REVITALIZATION
  • 80’s – Study recognized the needs for city centre revitalization
  • 90’s – SDC-funded Yogyakarta Urban Development Project/ Yogyakarta Urban Infrastructure Management Support – suggesting pedestrianization for Malioboro street. Funding unavailability hampered the implementation.
  • 2001 – MoU between Provincial Government, City Government and ITDP. ITDP to provide Technical Assistance in developing a strategy to implement the pedestrianization scheme
  • 2002 – MoU between City Government and ICLEI Indo CCP
  • 2003 – Mayor’s commitment at MAPES Conference, Honolulu to start promoting Livable City.
  • 2003 – Yogyakarta received a 5* award from ICLEI
  • 2004 – Physical construction started using staged development strategy
  • 2005 – Physical construction continues
  • 2005-2006 – GoI/WB Technical Assistance support for private sector participation scheme

Mayor Herry received an environmental achievement award during MAPES 2003

civil society and media initiatives
CIVIL SOCIETY AND MEDIA INITIATIVES
  • University and ITDP supported rickshaw modernization
  • The establishment of Tourism Becak Association (in 2002) with 800 members of rickshaw drivers
  • The establishment of Jogjakarta Onthel Community (JOC), 2002 – 300 members, to promote the use of bicycle in the city
  • Promotion of NMT use through electronic and printed media i.e radio talkshow, bulletins
  • Mayor and Ministers to pedal modern rickshaw
  • Green bike program connecting major campuses in Yogyakarta
progress of the air quality management 1
PROGRESS OF THE AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT (1)
  • In 2002, only 5 (five) locations of which 4 (four) ambient air quality parameters were monitored, namely CO, HC, SO2, and Pb.
  • In 2005, 33 (thirty three) locations were monitored and 7 (seven) air quality data (CO, HC, SO2, Pb, TSP, NOx, PM10) were collected.
  • The increase in the number of locations and parameters of ambient air quality surveyed has given the policy makers a better comprehension on the nature of the problems and its impacts.
progress of the air quality management 2
PROGRESS OF THE AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT (2)
  • In most congested streets, concentration of HC and PM10 has exceeded ambient standards.
  • Currently, economic impact and health impact associated with energy efficiency and PM10 and Pb and productivity loss (due to respiratory sickness) costs city residents 8 - 10% of the city’s GDP
  • Between 2002 and 2005, the ambient air quality has been either stable or improved except in some highly congested road network. In the city centre the concentration of HC is stable despite rapid motorization experienced by the city.
air quality condition

Media

Jogja Onthel Community

Tourism Becak Association

Becak Modernization

AIR QUALITY CONDITION

CO: 10,733 μg/m3

HC: 269.7 μg/m3

SO2: 15.2 μg/m3

Pb: 0.995 μg/m3

PM10: 131.3 μg/m3

NO2: 31.87 μg/m3

CO: 20,145 μg/m3

HC: 753.25 μg/m3

SO2: 18.6 μg/m3

Pb: 1.31 μg/m3

CO: 17,830 μg/m3

HC: 447.2 μg/m3

SO2: 14.81 μg/m3

Pb: 1.3 μg/m3

Malioboro 1st Stage

Malioboro 2nd Stage

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

lessons learned
LESSONS LEARNED
  • Taking the first step!
    • Technically and socially acceptable proposal (may not be the 1st best option)
    • Creation of government technical team and improvement of in-house technical capacity
  • Identification of key stakeholders and social marketing
    • Communicating government proposal
    • Managing trust
    • Mitigating project risks
  • Starting with manageable project
    • Technical and management capability
    • Financial capacity
    • Working with NGO and Private Sector – Government can not work alone
thank you

Thank you

www.jogja.go.id