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Family Types. Child Development. Types of Families. Married – Natural Nuclear Family Joint/Shared-Custody Families Single Parent Families Blended Families Step Families Adoptive Families Foster/Group Home Families Cross Generational Families Extended. Married No Children.

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Family Types

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family types

Family Types

Child Development

types of families
Types of Families
  • Married – Natural
  • Nuclear Family
  • Joint/Shared-Custody Families
  • Single Parent Families
  • Blended Families
    • Step Families
  • Adoptive Families
  • Foster/Group Home Families
  • Cross Generational Families
    • Extended
married no children
Married No Children
  • You are a family even if you do not have children.
  • May be unable to conceive or choose to remain childless.
  • Remain in this family structure until they have children and enter the nuclear family structure.
  • Focus more time and energy on their own relationship.
married nuclear families
Married-Nuclear Families
  • In these families, both adults are the biological or adoptive parents of children. There are three types of married nuclear families depending on employment status of the woman and man.
  • In the first type, the man works outside the home while the woman works inside the home caring for the children
  • In the second type of married nuclear family, the woman works outside the home and the man cares for the children.
  • In the third kind both the husband and the wife work outside the home or are income providers. In some situations, the woman might have a home-based business, such as a day care center.
married natural
Married - Natural
  • Advantages
  • Social support
  • Legal support
  • Belief that is provides most stable setting for raising children
  • Share responsibility
  • Disadvantages
  • Marriage might fail
  • Dual-careers leave less time for children.
  • Finding a day care you both agree to
joint shared custody families
Joint/Shared-Custody Families
  • In these families, children are legally raised by both parents who are not living together. Generally, the children move back and forth between the residences of each parent, depending on the legal agreement between the parents.
joint shared custody
Joint/Shared Custody
  • Advantages
  • See both parents
  • Both parents have say in raising of child
  • Disadvantages
  • Parents may not get along
  • Parents disagree on how to raise child
  • Each household may have different rules
single parent families
Single-Parent Families
  • In this family there is only one parent in the home. Due to high divorce rates and adults choosing not to marry, this is currently the fastest growing family form in America. More than half of all children will spend some of their lives in a single-parent family. Currently, 88 percent of these families are headed by women.
single parent
Single Parent
  • Advantages
  • Learn how to be independent
  • Develop strong relationships with friends and other relatives
  • Role models from relatives, neighbors, teachers and friends
  • ¼ of all children in the US will spend at least part of their childhood in this type of family.
  • Disadvantages
  • Less money
  • Parent may have unpleasant feelings about their situation.
  • Carries the burden of providing all the care and guidance
cohabitation families
Cohabitation Families
  • Two unmarried adults who are committed to a long-term relationship and, sometimes, children from this union or from previous relationships are included. This can include heterosexual or homosexual partners.
step families
  • These families are generally created by divorce and remarriage rather than by the death of the mother or father. In step families, biologically unrelated children often live in the same household. There are 9,000 new step families being created each week in this country.
blended families
Blended Families
  • Advantages
  • Readjust their budget and set new financial goals
  • Learn cooperation, and good communication skills
  • Share parenting responsibilities
  • Disadvantages
  • May find it hard to adjust
  • Have to share space
  • May cost more to run
foster and group home families
Foster and Group-home Families
  • Foster parents and institutional child-care workers often provide a substitute family for children referred by the courts or government agencies. While problems with their parents or guardians are being resolved, the children may live in these families.
foster families
Foster Families
  • Advantages
  • Have satisfaction of helping children grow and develop
  • Disadvantages
  • Different backgrounds
cross generational family
Cross-generational Family
  • Two or more adults from different generations of a family, who intend to share a household in the future. This family type may include children. Sometimes children are raised by their grandparents when their biological parents have died or no longer can take care of them. The number of these families has increased by 40 percent in the past ten years. In addition, many grandparents take some primary responsibility for child care, particularly when both parents work


  • More relatives than immediate family live in one home
  • Grandparents help with household chores
  • Develop close relationships
  • Disadvantages
  • May be temporary or long-term
  • Providing care for elderly parents may cause stress