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Alopecia Areata. By Sami and Kyle. What is it?. Alopecia Areata is a condition that causes round patches of hair loss. About the size of a quarter In some cases people can lose more hair…. Total Hair Loss. Why is it Autoimmune?.

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alopecia areata

Alopecia Areata

By Sami and Kyle

what is it
What is it?
  • Alopecia Areata is a condition that causes round patches of hair loss.
    • About the size of a quarter
  • In some cases people can lose more hair…
why is it autoimmune
Why is it Autoimmune?
  • White blood cells gather around the affected hair root or hair follicle and are mistaken by the body as foreign.
  • This will cause mild inflammation which leads to the hair becoming weak and falling out resulting in bald patches on the head or on the body.
  • Scientists believe there are certain genes that cause Alopecia Areata.
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Patchy hair loss
    • 1 or more coin-sized, round, smooth, bare patches
  • “Exclamation mark” hairs
    • Hairs that get narrower at the bottom
symptoms1
Symptoms
  • Widespread hair loss
    • This is uncommon
  • Nail problems
    • Tiny pinpoint dents (pitting), white spots or lines, be rough, loss of shine, or become thin and split. Rarely nails change shape or fall off
treatment mild cases
Treatment: Mild Cases
  • This is cases with less than 50% hair loss
    • Cortisone injections
    • Topical Minoxidil
    • Anthralin cream or ointment
treatment severe cases
Treatment: Severe Cases
  • This is cases with more than 50% hair loss
    • Cortisone Pills
    • Topical Immunotherapy
    • Wigs
other info
Other Info
  • To test for alopecia areata a scalp biopsy will be done, blood tests may be done to check for autoimmune conditions and thyroid problems.
  • Full recovery is common unless they got it when they were young, have had it for a long time, have widespread or complete hair loss or have eczema.
works cited
Works Cited
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002421/
  • http://www.hairtherapyforwomen.com/causes.html
  • http://www.dermaamin.com/site/atlas-of-dermatology/21-v/1512-vitiligoalopecia-areata-.html
  • http://www.niams.nih.gov
  • http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Alopecia-Areata.htm
  • http://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/a---d/alopecia-areata/signs-symptoms
  • http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p356.html
  • http://dermatology.about.com/cs/hairloss/a/alopeciaareata.htm
  • http://www.naaf.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_alopecia_treatment\
  • http://www.aocd.org/skin/dermatologic_diseases/alopecia_areata.html
  • http://marbohair.com/initiator-of-alopecia-totalis/
  • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001450.htm
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