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Unit 6 Women,. Grasp the main idea (the belief in superwomen encourages average women to achieve their goal) and structure of the text Appreciate how the author achieves coherence for her essay Master key languages points and grammatical structures

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teaching objectives
Grasp the main idea (the belief in superwomen encourages average women to achieve their goal) and structure of the text

Appreciate how the author achieves coherence for her essay

Master key languages points and grammatical structures

Conduct a series of activities related to the text

Teaching Objectives
Warm-up activities

Culture notes


Words,Phrases & Sentence structures


Key to exercise of Text A

Key to exercises of Text B

women s role in china over the decades
Women’s role in China over the decades

In the old society of China, women in general were inferior to man. They always do housework all the time, and not have their own spare time. Maybe it was a luxury , or it is impossible for them to relax and learning knowledge.


As time goes on, the society is developing dramatically in all fields. Women’s role in society of China has been undergoing great changes. Overall, women become increasingly independent.


Women have the rights to receive education. From working as nurses and teachers to doctors, engineers and managers, women are no longer confined to certain professions.


They even surpass men in some fields which used to be dominated by men. With the recognition of women’s abilities, they are receiving growing respect from society.

however some people still hold that
A woman’s place is in the home

A woman’s work is never done

What’s your understanding of the above sayings?

Can you give an account of a typical day of your mother?

However, some people still hold that…
group discussion
Do you want your future wife / yourself to be a working woman or housewife? Give reasons.

If you were reborn, would you prefer to be a man or a woman? Why?

Group discussion












女人这辈子挺难 :









光顾家了, 说你没事业心;

专一点吧, 说你不成熟;

花心点吧, 说你是禽兽;

有钱吧, 说你是坏人;

没有钱, 骂你窝囊废;

不去应酬, 怕被老板废了;

去应酬吧, 怕被老婆废了;

结婚吧, 怕自己后悔;

不结婚吧, 怕老了后悔;




A college graduate who goes to New York City and gets a job as a co-assistant to powerful and demanding fashion magazine editor Miranda Priestly.

Starring the “boss from hell”, Streep manages to make the character both amusing, scary and touching (sometimes simultaneously).

br2 1


In the 1960s feminism (=the belief that women and men are equal in abilities and should have equal rights and opportunities) became the subject of intense debate when the women’s liberation movement encouraged women to reject their traditional supporting role and to demand equal status and equal rights with men in areas such as employment and pay.

Since then the gender gap between the sexes has been reduced. However, the battle between feminist and traditional views of a woman’s role continues. It is widely accepted by younger people that women should, if they wish, be allowed to develop their careers and not give up work when they have a family.

br2 1 1

Feminism has brought about many changes in the English language. Many words for job titles that included “man” have been replaced.

  • For example “police officer” is used instead of “policeman” and “chairperson” for “chairman”.
  • “He” is now rarely used to refer to a person when the person could be either a man or a woman.
  • The title “Ms” is used for women instead of “Miss” or “Mrs”, since it does not show whether a woman is married or not.

The Brooklyn Bridge

1. A friend said that…, she had a bridge in Brooklyn she’d like to sell me.(L6)

2. Despite my friend’s…to buy that bridge she mentioned. (L66)

3. Then I’ll tell her …her own version of that bridge after all. (L86)

Evening provides some of the most recognizable images of the New York icon: Brooklyn Bridge at night has been captured in countless photographs. Bright lights fall on the Brooklyn Bridge at night, illuminating one of the most beloved structures in New York City.
the brooklyn bridge
A National Historic Landmark.

Completed over a century ago, the Brooklyn Bridge still stands today as not only a beautiful and iconic image of New York City, but also a functioning link between Manhattan and Brooklyn.

This bridge is traversed by over 140,000 pedestrians(行人), bicyclists, and motorists each day. History of the Brooklyn Bridge spans from the commencement(开始) of construction in 1870 to the day Brooklyn Bridge Manhattan was finally completed in 1883.

The Brooklyn Bridge
br2 3 2



Produces oil, gas, coal, wheat and cotton

br2 3 3

The name Oklahoma was derived by combining the Choctaw words for “red” and “people”. Part of the state’s area had been originally put aside for settlement of Native Americans and was known as Indian Territory(领域). The other section of the state, Oklahoma Territory, was gradually opened for white settlement toward the end of the 19th century. Oklahoma earned its nickname, the Sooner State, from the fact that some land-hungry settlers, known as the Sooners(抢先占有土地者), jumped the starting gun that was to open one section of the territory to settlers and rushed in to take land before they were legally entitled to do so.

br2 3 4

Political position


Oklahoma was admitted to the Union on November 16, 1907, as the 46th state. Resulting from the combination of Indian and Oklahoma territories, the state retains marked features of its Native American heritage in the makeup of its population and the Indian place-names in the state.

br2 6

John Milton


John Milton (1608~1674), English poet

br2 6 11

John Milton

  • John Milton (1608~1674) is an English poet, whose rich, dense verse was a powerful influence on succeeding English poets, and whose prose was devoted to the defense of civil and religious liberty.
  • Milton is often considered the greatest English poet after Shakespeare. The epic poem Paradise Lost《失乐园》 (1667), Milton’s masterpiece and one of the greatest poems in world literature, dramatizes the Biblical account of humanity’s banishment(放逐)from Paradise.
  • Milton also wrote a sequel to Paradise Lost, called Paradise Regained《复乐园》 (1671), in which Jesus triumphantly resists Satan and regains the Paradise lost by Adam and Eve.

Part Division of the Text



Main Ideas

Despite her friend’s advice, the author, unable to resist the temptation, falls for superwomen stories again.



Her encounter with a superwomen and its impact on her.



She tells about what prevents her from becoming a superwoman herself.





gr 3 1

Introductory Remark


Whether you like it or not, women in many cases have to take up more responsibilities than men. That’s why the author writes: “Men have generally been assured that achieving their heart’s desires would be a piece of cake. Women, of course, have always believed that we can’t have our cake and eat it too.” What she means is that men are encouraged to achieve their goals in life, but women know that they can only achieve some goals at the expense of other goals. However, there are superwomen in the real world who are able to perform great deeds and to enjoy their lives at the same time. It is they who give the average woman the courage to go on, that is to say, the belief in superwomen encourages average women to achieve their goals.

gr 1 text11

Part Division of the Text




Main Ideas

She analyzes why she is still fascinated by modern superwomen tales.



She comes to the conclusion that to her, admiring a heroine is something worth doing.




gr 2 word 1



1. Find as many words or phrases as possible related to food in the text .

to bake cakes

a piece of cake

to devour

you can’t eat the cake and have it too

the old low-dream diet

strawberry jam


a diet without treats

a whole box of cookies

a dieter




gr 2 word 2

2. Can you get the implied meaning of those words or phrases?

Those words or phrases just reflect the traditional role of women as food-providers.

gr 4 1

Writing strategy:

Coherence & repetition


Three main ways of achieving coherence in this text:

  • the use of transitional words and phrases,
  • the repetition of key words and phrases,
  • the use of parallel structure.


1. Try to find transitional words like but, however, yet,

especially in Paragraphs 8 to 10.

2. The most striking feature of this text is the repetition of key words and phrases. Try to scan the whole text to find the

following key words and phrases.

repetition of key words
Superwoman Repetition of key words

2. Inhersparetime


L20: superwoman

L22: supersisiters

L56: superwoman

L61: superheroines

L66: superwomen

L76: superwoman

L78: heroine

L79: superwomen

L80: heroine

L4: in her spare time

L6: in her spare time

L33: in her spare time

L36: in their spare time

L37: in your spare time

repetition of key words1
Repetition of key words

What is the purpose of repeating key words ?

  • Remind the readers of the topic
  • Indicating that many people believe in superwoman stories

synonymous phrases of fairy tale

modern fairy tale,




extraordinary deeds

point out the fact that many people do not believe in superwomen stories.


Superwomen in the text

  • Kate L.(papas.1-2)
  • a politician’s daughter
  • a practicing pediatrician
  • a television anchorwoman
  • a woman executive of a national corporation (paras. 4-5)


what expressions are used to refer to success of superwomen
What expressions are used to refer to ‘success’ of superwomen?

L10: incredible accomplishments

L63: modern fairy tales

L70: extraordinary deeds

L76: an impossible dream

L77: fantasy


Superwomen: no easy job (paras. 8-11)

  • She’s unable to get her act together.
  • She can almost expect something to go wrong as long as she gets to work.
  • Anything might happen that would take up much more of time she puts aside for a certain job.
  • She usually feels exhausted after a busy day.
item n
1) a single piece of news

There is a fascinating news item in Today’s China Daily.

2) a single article or unit on a list or among a set

There are at least 50 items on her Christmas shopping list.

item n.
n. a rough outline or version

My student emailed the first draft of his thesis to me yesterday.

This is only the first draft of my speech, but what do you think of it?

v. (fml) disturb or upset greatly

My daughter’s idea about wealth undid me.

2. v.untie, open

Would you please undo this knot for me?

3. V. Ruin

In 5 minutes he undidmy whole day’s work.

What is done can’t be undone.


hit strike home
(of marks, etc.) have the intended effect

His criticism hit home. I was really selfish.

I could see from her expression that his comments had hit home.

hit/strike home
incredible unbelievable
It seemed incredible that people would still want to play soccer during a war.

There has been an incredible amount of interest in the information highway during the last few years.

consume or drink

Michael consumes nearly a pound of cheese per day.

2. v.use up

E.g. The human body consumes energy in the form of carbohydrates.

care for
1) take care of

The college students volunteered to care for the elderly in their community.

2) like or love

She had two sons and didn’t care for either.

My mother doesn’t really care for tea; she likes coffee better.

care for
a large business or company

Several multi-national corporations are located in the new district of Pudong.

It’s easier for students graduating from well-known universities to get positions in large multinational corporations.

adv. not happening often

Rarely have I seen a student who is so absorbed in history.

He very rarely wears a raincoat because he spends most of his time in a car.

It’s strange that the couple were rarely seen together.

n. a person who buys goods or service

Our company is CITI Bank’s most valued client.

The company requires clients to pay substantial fees in advance.

n. the flat area formed by your thighs when you are sitting down

Sitting on her mother’s lap, the little girl was quiet.

2. n. a part of long journey, between two points where you stop

The first lap of our trip is from New York City to Boston.

n. pleasant combination of different notes of music played at the same time

The kids are singing in harmony.

2. n. a state or condition of agreement, cooperation, or peacefulness

Since they moved to this community they have lived in harmony with their neighbors.

by nature
as a result of inborn or inherent qualities; innately

He is by nature rather an aggressive person.

I’m not by nature a violent man, but these insults were more than I could bear.

by nature
get one s act together
(infml) organize oneself and one’s activities so that one does things in an effective way

Steve will have to get his act together if he is going to pass the exam. He can’t just sit about doing nothing all day.

get one’s act together
adj. relating to the armed forces of a country

The president has not ruled out the possibility of military action.

Your working day will need to be organized with military precision.

put pencil pen to paper
V. start to write

The instant he put pencil to paper, his four-year-old son would sit beside him quietly.

When I put pencil to paper yesterday, vivid memories came flooding back of my first day in school.

put pencil/pen to paper
at intervals
1. sth. that happens at intervals happens occasionally

The interview continued, with Smith breaking off at intervals to consult his notes.

2. used to state the precise gap in time or distance between things

There were red warning lights at intervals along the street.

at intervals
set aside
put (time or money) away for a special purpose

I have a little money set aside for emergencies.

My husband set aside half an hour every morning to do sports.

set aside
race the clock
do sth. quickly in order to finish it in the available time

The deadline will be due tomorrow. We have to race the clock.

The semester is coming to an end. We have to race the clock every day to prepare for our final exams.

race the clock
v. (fml) have or own

It is said that Michael possesses a fortune of more than two billion dollars.

The number of nations that possess nuclear weapons in on the rise.

bide one s time
wait patiently for a chance

His political rivals are biding their time until after the election for a chance to attack his policies.

She bided her time, planning revenge.

bide one’s time
1. v. attract; give pleasure to

I was charmed by her slim figure and soft voice.

2. n. pleasing quality; attractiveness

“Snowwhite and Seven Dwarves” has never lost its original charm.

take in
(usu. passive) cheat

She was so smart that she couldn’t be taken in by her colleagues.

The students played a trick on their teacher. Unfortunately he was taken in completely.

take in
adv. in spite of

Despite the fact that she fell midway through the race, she won.

They had a wonderful holiday, despite the bad weather.

Despite wanting to see him again, she refused to reply to his letters.

have sth little much nothing to do with
I am not sure what her job is, but it has something to do with marketing.

His decision to move overseas has a lot to do with his financial problem.

have sth./little/much/nothing to do with
achieve have one s heart s desire s
get sb./sth. you want very much

To achieve her heart’s desires, she had to work from morning to night.

When she agreed to marry him he felt he had achieved his heart’s desire.

achieve/have one’s heart’s desire(s)
a piece of cake
sth. that is very easy to do

Getting in tough with his overseas friends via email is a piece of cake for the old man.

Shopping on line is a piece of cake for the five-year-old.

a piece of cake
worldly-wise; showing knowledge of the world

Richard was still young, but he was sophisticated enough to know when people were not telling the truth.

2. advanced or complicated

The missile has a sophisticated guidance system.

move on to
1. stop doing one thing and begin dealing with the next

We’re about to move on to the second stage of the project.

She ran this shop for ten years before deciding to move on to the real estate business.

move on to
investment in
v. putting money in sth.

More and more people have the desire to buy a house as an investment.

Buying shares in blue-chip companies is always a sound investment.

Total foreign investment in America still constitutes only a small portion of US assets.

investment (in)

Sentence Structures

1. I should have known better than to ask…(L32)

2. Other women,…, not only during office hours, butin their spare time as well. (L35)

3. I imagine how lovely life would be if only I possessed …(L60)

after 1 useful 1

Useful Expressions



alumni bulletin


assistant principal

doctoral dissertation


have time for sth.



law school

after 1 useful 2


Useful Expressions

practicing pediatrician



television anchorwoman

woman executive



as precisely as a Swiss watch

have a familiar ring


after 1 useful 3

Useful Expressions



movers and shakers


postdoctoral studies in physics



schedule of military precision

as promised


OK the matter


after 1 useful 4

Useful Expressions


the organizational skill



an optimistic approach to life

have one’s cake and eat it


unappealing life



well done

after 6 15


Talk about the Pictures

key to exercise
P187-188 Vocabulary



Hits home


By nature




Move on to

10. Bulletin

11. At intervals

12. Client

13. Theory

14. Item

15. Military

Key to Exercise
2 rewrite sentences p188
Though Roger is absolutely convinced that the plan will work, I am still skeptical of / about it.

Carol’s worrying about her daughter has much to do with her being hooked on the internet recently.

Alison’s so disorganized-I wish she’d get her act togher.

Despite her resolution not to believe such modern fairy tales any more, she couldn’t resist the idea of admiring superheroines.

2. Rewrite sentences. P188
3 complete sentences p188 189
Don’t be taken in;his charming; by nature; rarely.

is racing the clock;sophisticated.

Reproaches; for possessing; consuming

3. Complete sentences. P188-189
ii synonyms p189 190

As well/too



As well/too




II Synonyms. P189-190
iii usage p190
I used to hate jogging but I’m actually growing to like it now.

We didn’t have the chance to see her-she was too busy

It seems she was coming to understand it better as she grew older.

How did you manage to become a television anchorwoman?

Gradually I came to like the proposal she brought forward in the group discussion.

You’re becoming more and more like your mother.

III Usage P190
structure p191

1)If only it were that simple!

We could go out this afternoon if only it would stop raining.

If only she hadn’t told David about that, everything would have been all right.

If only she hadn’t come into the room at that particular moment.

Structure P191
structure p1911

1)Tom is/was too intelligent for his class so he is/was not learning anything there.

The task is/was far too difficult for a nine-year old.

There are/were too many people for such a small room.

The noise became too much for me so I went and complained.

Structure P191
cloze a p192


Care for

Set aside


Move on

Put pen to paper


9. Piece of cake

10. Get our act together

11. Despite

12. charmed

Cloze A P192
cloze b p192 193









10. Reads

11. In

12. Should

13. True

14. Up

15. Eventually

16. Plus

17. later

Cloze B P192-193
translation p193
芭芭拉梦想当一名执行总裁已有好长时间了。为了达到心中渴望的这一目的,她向多家跨国(multi-national)公司申请工作,但都失败。然而,似乎任何东西都不能使她气馁。不久前她利用当地一家银行的贷款,开了一家餐馆。 她边做生意边照料两个年幼的孩子。同时,她还攻读工商管理硕士(MBA)学位。尽管如此,她努力做到将自己的事情安排得井井有条。不过,即便对她来说,争分夺秒地工作也绝非易事。这是件十分累人的活儿。Translation P193
Barbara has dreamed of becoming a CEO for a long time. To achieve her heart’s desire, she applied for a job in many a multi-national corporation, but failed to get it. However, nothing seems to be able to undo her. With a loan from a local bank she opened a restaurant not long ago. While doing business she is having two young children to care for. Also, she is working at/studying for an MBA degree. Despite all this she manages to get her act together. Nevertheless, even to her, racing the clock is by no means a piece of cake. It’s a very exhausting job.Translation
text b
Text B
  • Beginning Anew
words and phrases
live for take/get/gain credit (for sth.)

party die of quit reaction

plead temporary renew soak up

at every opportunity weigh down

semester expensive stir plentiful

take back set out to do (sth.)

in control (of sth.) seek after

Words and Phrases
language practice p200
Set out



Sought after

Weighed down



Takes all the credit


Died of

In control of\



Lives for



At every opportunity


Soak up


Language Practice P200