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Licensing Community Radio

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  1. Licensing Community Radio Lawrie Hallett: communityradio@ofcom.org.uk [August 2004]

  2. What this presentation covers….

  3. What this presentation covers • The Community Radio Order

  4. What this presentation covers • The Community Radio Order • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing

  5. What this presentation covers • The Community Radio Order • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • What Ofcom Must Consider

  6. What this presentation covers • The Community Radio Order • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • What Ofcom Must Consider • Coverage & Frequency Availability

  7. What this presentation covers • The Community Radio Order • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • What Ofcom Must Consider • Coverage & Frequency Availability • Licensing Community Stations

  8. What this presentation covers • The Community Radio Order • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • What Ofcom Must Consider • Coverage & Frequency Availability • Licensing Community Stations • Licensing Restrictions

  9. What this presentation covers • The Community Radio Order • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • What Ofcom Must Consider • Coverage & Frequency Availability • Licensing Community Stations • Licensing Restrictions • This year’s deadline!

  10. What this presentation covers • The Community Radio Order • Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • What Ofcom Must Consider • Coverage & Frequency Availability • Licensing Community Stations • Licensing Restrictions • This year’s deadline! • More Information…

  11. The Community Radio Order • Ofcom licenses Community Radio under the Community Radio Order 2004

  12. The Community Radio Order • Ofcom licenses Community Radio under the Community Radio Order 2004 • The Order reflects responses to the DCMS consultation of earlier this year

  13. The Community Radio Order • Ofcom licenses Community Radio under the Community Radio Order 2004 • The Order reflects responses to the DCMS consultation of earlier this year • Government defines Community Radio through this Order

  14. The Community Radio Order • Ofcom licenses Community Radio under the Community Radio Order 2004 • The Order reflects responses to the DCMS consultation of earlier this year • Government defines Community Radio through this Order • Ofcom can only license Community Radio services under the terms of this Order

  15. Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • Ofcom will consider a number of factors when evaluating licence applications…

  16. Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • Ofcom will consider a number of factors when evaluating licence applications… • The requirements of the Community Radio Order 2004

  17. Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • Ofcom will consider a number of factors when evaluating licence applications… 1. The requirements of the Community Radio Order 2004 2. Other relevant broadcasting legislation

  18. Ofcom’s Approach To Licensing • Ofcom will consider a number of factors when evaluating licence applications… • The requirements of the Community Radio Order 2004 • Other relevant broadcasting legislation • The availability of suitable frequency resources

  19. Coverage & Frequency Availability • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum

  20. Coverage & Frequency Availability • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum • Ofcom will allocate spectrum not suitable for use by commercial services

  21. Coverage & Frequency Availability • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum • Ofcom will allocate spectrum not suitable for use by commercial services • In general these frequencies will cover areas of up to a 5 km radius

  22. Coverage & Frequency Availability • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum • Ofcom will allocate spectrum which is not suitable for use by commercial services • In general these frequencies will cover areas of up to a 5 km radius • In some remote rural areas wider FM coverage may be allowed

  23. Coverage & Frequency Availability • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum • Ofcom will allocate spectrum which is not suitable for use by commercial services • In general these frequency allocations will cover areas of less than a 5 km radius • In some remote rural areas wider FM coverage may be allowed • AM services may be allowed to cover a greater than 5 km radius

  24. Coverage & Frequency Availability • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum • Ofcom will allocate spectrum which is not suitable for use by commercial services • In general these frequency allocations will cover areas of less than a 5 km radius • In some remote rural areas wider coverage using FM frequencies may be allowed • AM services may be allowed to cover a greater than 5 km radius • Ofcom may allow services to use more than one transmitter if technically efficient

  25. Coverage & Frequency Availability • Ofcom has to balance competing demands for broadcast spectrum • Ofcom will allocate spectrum which is not suitable for use by commercial services • In general these frequency allocations will cover areas of less than a 5 km radius • In some remote rural areas wider coverage using FM frequencies may be allowed • AM services may be allowed to cover a greater than 5 km radius • Ofcom may allow services to use more than one transmitter if technically efficient • BUT…..

  26. Coverage & Frequency Availability • There will not be enough frequency resources to license all applicants!

  27. Coverage & Frequency Availability • So…

  28. Coverage & Frequency Availability • So… • Ofcom will use statutory selection criteria to choose between competing groups…

  29. Licensing Community Stations • In any event….

  30. Licensing Community Stations • In any event…. • All Community Radio services need to meet the requirements of the Community Radio Order and other relevant broadcasting legislation.

  31. Licensing Community Stations • In any event…. • All Community Radio services need to meet the requirements of the Community Radio Order and other relevant broadcasting legislation. • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics:

  32. Licensing Community Stations • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics: (i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than for commercial reasons or to benefit those operating the service

  33. Licensing Community Stations • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics: (i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than for commercial reasons or to benefit those operating the service (ii) Be aimed at a specific community or number of communities

  34. Licensing Community Stations • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics: (i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than to benefit those operating the service (ii) Be aimed at a specific community or number of communities (iii) Use any profits made to improve the service provided and deliver ‘social gain’

  35. Licensing Community Stations • Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics: (i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than to benefit those operating the service (ii) Be aimed at a specific community or number of communities (iii) Use any profits made to improve the service provided and deliver ‘social gain’ (iv) Allow community members the opportunity to participate in the operation and management of the service

  36. Licensing Community Stations Specifically, Community Radio stations must demonstrate certain characteristics: (i) Be provided for the benefit of the public rather than to benefit those operating the service (ii) Be aimed at a specific community or number of communities (iii) Use any profits made to improve the service provided and deliver ‘social gain’ (iv) Allow community members the opportunity to participate in the operation and management of the service (v) Be accountable to the target community

  37. Licensing Community Stations • Ofcom has to take various statutory selection criteria into account when assessing applications:

  38. Licensing Community Stations • Ofcom has to take various statutory selection criteria into account when assessing applications: (i) Maintaining the service

  39. Licensing Community Stations • Ofcom has to take various statutory selection criteria into account when assessing applications: (i) Maintaining the service (ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community

  40. Licensing Community Stations • Ofcom has to take various statutory selection criteria into account when assessing applications: (i) Maintaining the service (ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community (iii) Broadening the range of local programming available and being distinct from other local (commercial) radio

  41. Licensing Community Stations • Community Radio stations must meet various statutory selection criteria: (i) Maintaining the service (ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community (iii) Extending the range of local programming available (iv) Demonstrating demand for the service

  42. Licensing Community Stations • Community Radio stations must meet various statutory selection criteria: (i) Maintaining the service (ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community (iii) Extending the range of local programming available (iv) Demonstrating demand for the service (v) Extent of delivering ‘social gain’

  43. Licensing Community Stations • Community Radio stations must meet various statutory selection criteria: (i) Maintaining the service (ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community (iii) Extending the range of local programming available (iv) Demonstrating demand for the service (v) Extent of delivering ‘social gain’ (vi) Accountability provisions

  44. Licensing Community Stations • Community Radio stations must meet various statutory selection criteria: (i) Maintaining the service (ii) Catering for the tastes and interests of the relevant community (iii) Extending the range of local programming available (iv) Demonstrating demand for the service (v) Extent of delivering ‘social gain’ (vi) Extent of accountability (vii) Extent of access to facilities and of training provision

  45. Licensing Restrictions • Ofcom has a general obligation to ensure that community radio services do not “prejudice unduly” the economic viability of existing local radio services

  46. Licensing Restrictions • Ofcom has a general obligation to ensure that community radio services do not “prejudice unduly” the economic viability of existing local radio services • In addition, the Community Radio Order 2004 includes two specific tiers of restrictions covering areas where small scale stations already exist

  47. Licensing Restrictions • Ofcom has a general obligation to ensure that community radio services to not “prejudice unduly” the economic viability of existing local radio services • In addition, the Community Radio Order 2004 includes two specific tiers of restrictions covering areas where small scale stations already exist: (i) Areas where the existing service broadcasts to a measured population of up to 50,000 adults (15+)

  48. Licensing Restrictions • Ofcom has a general obligation to ensure that community radio services to not “prejudice unduly” the economic viability of existing local radio services • In addition, the Community Radio Order 2004 includes two specific tiers of restrictions covering areas where small scale stations already exist: (i) Areas where an existing service broadcasts to a measured population of up to 50,000 adults (15+) (ii) Areas where an existing service broadcasts to a measured population of between 50,001 and 150,000 adults (15+)

  49. Licensing Restrictions • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to fewer than 50,000 adults, the Community Radio Order does not permit Ofcom to license any Community Radio services.

  50. Licensing Restrictions • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to fewer than 50,000 adults, the Community Radio Order does not permit Ofcom to license any Community Radio services • In areas where an existing service broadcasts to an adult population of between 50,001 and 150,000, the Community Radio Order only allows Ofcom to license Community Radio services which do not broadcast paid for spot-advertising or sponsored programming