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Greening Stockton. Suggestions from Jamie. LANDSCAPING. Do not mulch native species that are drought tolerant. Mulch should never be piled up around the bases of plants; do not bury any plantings in mulch hills. “Do not place mulch within 3 inches of trunks or stems”

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greening stockton

Greening Stockton

Suggestions from Jamie

Do not mulch native species that are drought tolerant. Mulch should never be piled up around the bases of plants; do not bury any plantings in mulch hills.
  • “Do not place mulch within 3 inches of trunks or stems”
  • Housing V Reforestation Plan
  • 2 July 2007
Do not injure trees by hitting them with lawn mowers and string trimmers

Locust near A&S damaged by lawn maintenance

don t prune shrubs before they fruit and birds have a chance to feed
Don’t prune shrubs before they fruit and birds have a chance to feed


“Today the maintenance department flat top pruned the cranberrybush viburnums.  This is a large shrub that grows 8-12 feet tall, it has a vase shaped habit.  Where it is planted, there is no reason to prune it.   Removing dead branches is the most maintenance should do.

This viburnum has red to purple fall colored foliage and berries that are eaten by birds.  Both are all gone. “

Replace erosion areas and selected other lawn areas with xeriscaping (as seen at Burlington Co. College, Pemberton)
Discontinue mowing under trees, except for footpaths; where necessary, replace with xeriscaping or native shrubs, etc.
No mow zone signs should be created and put in place to explain the areas to those unfamiliar with this approach
reduce maintenance
Reduce maintenance
  • Cut lawns at 4 inch height or higher; mow as needed only, not on a schedule
  • Do not mow any non-turf areas (old fields, etc.) except in winter, preferably every 2-3 years
  • End use of string trimmers and leaf blowers, except for clearing paved surfaces; use mulching mowers
  • End use of herbicides, except to control invasive species
  • Reduce fertilizer by 75% (reduce lawn area 50%; cut application on remaining lawns by 50%)
develop and implement a forest management plan
Develop and implement a forest management plan

Restore open, savanna type habitats

enhance wildlife habitat
Enhance wildlife habitat
  • Snags, fallen logs, brush piles, etc.
  • Nest boxes, etc.
  • Shelter boards for reptiles and amphibians
Maintain a diversity of stand types, successional stages (especially brushy open fields) and plant species, upland and lowland
Keep fire breaks, trails and access roads out of special habitats, like vernal ponds; remove those that exist
Preserve all existing natural vegetation within the current campus footprint; build only on already cleared areas
For all future development , maximize preservation of natural vegetation in building sites outside the existing footprint
reconnect campus landscape to native vegetation and biodiversity
Reconnect campus landscape to native vegetation and biodiversity
  • Create a gradient of native vegetation between forest edges and turf areas
  • Restore margins of lakes and ponds to native vegetation; restrict fishing and other uses to dikes and managed access points
in planting garden areas around buildings attempt to provide examples of native plant communities
In planting garden areas around buildings, attempt to provide examples of native plant communities
  • Try to arrange plantings to resemble natural communities; use NatureServe and other references for guidance
  • Encourage efforts to cultivate native species not available commercially
  • Have soil conditions that resemble natural conditions
Favor showy and useful native species, preferably those considered native to the Pine Barrens by Witmer Stone, the Plants of Southern New Jersey
remove invasive species from streams old fields and other succession areas
Remove invasive species from streams, old fields and other succession areas
  • autumn (Russian) olive
  • multiflora rose
  • wisteria
  • Eurasian bittersweet
  • water starwort
  • Phragmites
  • etc.
enhance plant and animal diversity
Enhance plant and animal diversity
  • Replace “golf course” with native vegetation; golfers can go to commercial establishments and pay the cost of maintaining the lawns
  • Discontinue plantings to encourage deer (they don’t need it) replace fields of non-native grasses, etc. with restored native field vegetation
  • In choosing native landscape plantings, favor those that provide resources for insects and birds
  • Do not use insecticides, except single application BT for gypsy moth control
Eliminate the fire hose discharge from the cooling tower, or find a way to diffuse the discharge to stop the gully erosion. Eliminate or fix all similar discharges
Fix the overland flows around Housing I by restoring native vegetation or planting absorptive landscaping
install paved turnarounds and emergency pull offs to eliminate stopping on vegetated roadsides
Install paved turnarounds and emergency pull offs to eliminate stopping on vegetated roadsides
Restore native vegetation or install absorptive landscaping in stormwater basins that currently hold water for over two days, or that have outflows directly into wetlands
Eliminate concrete trench along College Walk and similar outdated drainage ways; replace with absorptive landscaping (rain gardens, etc.)
Remove the curbing on the main lots and find a way to send stormwater as sheet flow into the adjacent wooded strips, after restoring permeability
innovative goals
Innovative goals
  • Use natural vegetation of the uplands as much as possible to absorb stormwater
  • Where needed, restore such vegetation or some combination of effective native species (absorptive landscaping)
  • Use plants to keep soil permeable
  • Let plant roots, soil bacteria, etc. remove/immobilize pollutants as much as possible
Avoid costly engineered solutions, especially those involving importation of materials and excavations – let our plants and soils do what they do naturally and for free
Focus engineering on getting the stormwater to the vegetation with as little concentration and as little pollution as possible
Make sure engineered solutions are BMPs (best management practices) and are sustainable and support maximum possible native biodiversity
Once direct stormwater discharge is eliminated, remove sediment deltas from Lake Fred, vernal ponds, wetlands, etc.
  • For all construction and landscaping projects, etc. explicitly include environmental educational values
  • Design for education activities
  • Encourage experimental approaches to landscaping (and stormwater, to the extent permitted). Monitor all installations for effectiveness in meeting environmental goals
Commit to keeping the campus a viable place for environmental research, including research on natural ecosystems
  • Encourage public access for study and contemplation of the natural environment
  • Develop campus guides and a website on campus ecology and biodiversity
  • Make as much use as possible of Stockton classes to research, design, install and monitor projects, in close cooperation with Campus Planning and Campus Operations
  • Maintain a completely open process on all projects, giving all students and faculty interested the chance to be involved from the beginning.
  • Make all plans, preliminary and final, available for use in the GIS lab
process cont
  • Make all consulting studies available for class and research use as soon as they are submitted, including preliminary reports
  • Keep files on applications to public agencies open at all stages for review by faculty and students
  • Keep faculty and students informed of the results of all environmental inspections, etc.
is stockton currently in violation of any requirements for instance air pollution standards
Is Stockton currently in violation of any requirements? For instance, air pollution standards?
  • Site ID 70188 Air Violations pending $3800 assessed
no idling
  • Educate all staff, faculty, students on “no idling” law
  • Post “No idling” signs
Never, ever “greenwash” any aspect of our College environment in publications, promotions, etc.