Measuring Tools • Liquid Measuring Cup • Made of glass or plastic. Extra space at the top allows you to carry without spilling. Has a spout for easy pouring. • Dry Measuring Cups • Used to measure dry and solid ingredients. A basic set includes: 1 cup, ½ cup, 1/3 cup, and ¼ cup. • Measuring Spoons • Used to measure small amounts of dry and liquid ingredients. Most sets include: 1 Tablespoon, 1 teaspoon, ½ teaspoon, and ¼ teaspoon.
Knives • Utility Knife • All purpose knife used to cut and slice many foods. • Paring Knife • Used to peel, cut, and slice small fruits and vegetables. • Bread Knife • Has a serrated or saw tooth edge that makes cutting bread and cake easy. • Boning Knife • Has a strong tip and narrow, flexible blade to make it easy to separate meat or poultry from the bone.
Knives & Other Cutting Tools • Slicing Knife • Used to slice meat and poultry. • Chef’s Knife • Used for cutting, chopping, and slicing. • Kitchen Shears • Used for tasks such as cutting dried fruit, parsley, or chives, or snipping the skin from poultry. • Peeler • Used to remove thin outer layer from vegetables.
Other Cutting Tools • Grater • Used to shred cheese, potatoes, and carrots, and to grate citrus peels and nutmeg. • Cutting Board • Comes in a variety of sizes. Protects the counter or table while you’re cutting.
Mixing Equipment • Pastry Blender • U-shaped wires capped with handle. Used to cut fat into flour for making pastry dough. • Whisk • Flexible wires held together by the handle. Used to blend, stir, and beat. • Sifter • A container with a blade that forces dry ingredients through a fin wire screen. Used to get rid of lumps or to mix dry ingredients thoroughly. • Mixing Spoons • Used to mix, beat, and stir. Can be made of wood or plastic. • Mixing Bowls • Can be made of glass, plastic, or metal. Often sold in sets of different sizes.
Cooking & Baking Tools • Utility Fork/ Meat Fork • Has long, strong tines that aid in lifting, carving, and turning various cuts of meat. • Meat Thermometer • Used to measure the internal temperature of meats and poultry. • Tongs • Used to turn foods or to transfer them to another container. • Slotted Spoon • Used to lift solid pieces of food from cooking liquid or sauce.
Cooking & Baking Tools • Ladle • Used to spoon soup or stew. • Colander • Used for draining liquid from foods such as cooked pasta. • Rubber Scrapper • Has a flat, flexible blade. Used to scrape batter from containers. Also used to “fold” ingredients into one another. • Rolling Pin • Used to roll out pastry, biscuit, or cookie dough.
Cooking & Baking Tools • Pastry Brush/ Basting Brush • Used to brush sauces or glazes on food. • Straight Edge Spatula • Has a long, flexible blade with straight, dull edge. Used to level off ingredients when measuring, and frosting baked foods. • Turner • Use for turning foods such as eggs and pancakes, and to remove food from baking sheets. • Wire Rack/ Cooling Rack • Used as a place to cool cookies and other foods.
Cookware for the Range • Saucepan • Have one long handle. Come in various sizes, usually with covers. Used for cooking foods on top of the range. • Pots • Have two small handles and are generally larger than saucepans. Used for cooking foods on the stovetop, but some may be put in the oven. • Skillet • Also called frying pans. More shallow than a pot or saucepan. Used for browning and frying foods. • Wok • A pan designed for stir-frying. Deeper than a skillet. angled sides are wider at the top than the bottom.
Cookware for the Range • Steamer Basket • Used for steaming foods such as vegetables. It is inserted into the saucepan to hold the food above boiling water • Double Boiler • A two-part saucepan for gently heating delicate foods without burning them. Boiling water in the lower compartment heats food in the upper compartment. • Casserole Dishes • Covered or uncovered containers used for baking mixed dishes. Usually made of heat resistant glass, pottery, or ceramic. • Roasting Pan • Shallow pan used for roasting meat and poultry. Has a rack on the bottom to keep meat and juices separate.
Baking Pans Cake Pan Pie Pan Muffin Pan Loaf Pan Baking Sheet/ Jelly Roll Pan
Small Cooking Appliances • Toaster Oven • Can toast, bake, and brown small amounts of food. • Electric Skillet • Can fry, simmer, steam, roast, and bake. Has a temperature control. • Crockpot • Cooks foods at a low temperature over many hours. Allows for safe cooking all day while you’re away.
Mixing and Cutting Appliances • Blender • Used for blending and liquefying foods. Can also grate, chop, and mince. • Food Processor • Used to slice, grate, shred, chop, grind, and mix a variety of ingredients. Can also be used to knead dough. • Mixer • Mixes and beats ingredients. Comes in hand-held and stand models.
The Right Tool for the Job? • _____________________- Peeling, cutting, and slicing small fruits and vegetables. • _____________________-Shredding cheese. • _____________________- Cutting fat into flour. • _____________________- Stirring ingredients together. • _____________________- Whipping cream. • _____________________- Lifting solid pieces of food from a cooking liquid.
The Right Tool for the Job? 7. _____________________- Stir-frying vegetables and small pieces of meat. 8. _____________________- Draining liquid from cooked pasta. 9. _____________________- Scraping batter from containers. 10. _____________________- Serving soups and chili.