Review of romans 1-7 Follow along at www.armchairtheology.org
Review of Romans 1-7 Introducing the Gopsel (Romans 1:1-17) • The author of Romans was the apostle Paul • The purpose of Paul’s life was to share the Gospel • with the Jews as well as the Greeks (Gentiles). Week 1 • Romans 1:16-17 serve ast he central theme of the book • of Romans. • The Gospel is the declaration of good news about Jesus • Christ.
Review of Romans 1-7 Pagans Need the Gopsel (Romans 1:18-32) • Two things draw the wrath of God • Godlessness – a basic disregard for God Week 2 • Wickedness – a basic disregard for our fellow man • Everyone worships something • We were created to worship God, so if we reject him, • we will worship something else. • Homosexuality • We need to realize that homosexuality is just as much • of a sin as greed or deceit.
Review of Romans 1-7 The Religious Need the Gopsel (Romans 2:1-16) • Self - righteousness • Self – righteous religious people reject the Gospel • as much as self – centered irreligious people do. Week 3 • This parallels the story of the prodigal son • Saved by works? • In verse 6, Paul says that works do matter, not as the • basis for salvation, but as evidence of saving faith. • We are not saved by our own works, but by the • works of another: Jesus Christ.
Review of Romans 1-7 The Religious Need the Gopsel (Romans 2:17-29) • Proud to be Jewish / Christian • Morally decent (take the law seriously) Week 4 • Religiously active (circumcised) • Moralism: the largest religion in the world today • Moralism is the religion of comparison with others. • Moralism ultimately fails because we are • inconsistent in our behavior.
Review of Romans 1-7 Everyone Need the Gopsel (Romans 3:1-20) • Seven areas where sin affects us • Our legal standing (verse 10) Week 5 • Our minds and hearts (verse 11) • Our motives (verse 11) • Our wills (verse 12) • Our words (verse 13) • Our relationships with others (verses 15-17) • Our relationships with God (verse 18)
Review of Romans 1-7 How Justification Works (Romans 3:21-31) • Justification by faith • Justification is a legal declaration by God Week 6 • Justification occurs when we respond to God’s call • All who believe are made righteous (verse 22) • What about the law? • The law cannot save us • The law must still be kept • For those in Christ, it has been.
Review of Romans 1-7 When Justification Started (Romans 4:1-25) • Nothing to boast about • Abraham was justified by faith Week 7 • Abraham was not righteous, but God treated him • as though he was. • Saving faith is trust in God’s saving provision • Salvation, circumcision and the law • Abraham was righteous by faith alone (verse 11)
Review of Romans 1-7 What Justification Brings (Romans 5:1-11) • Benefits of justification • Peace with God (verse 1) Week 8 • Access to grace (verse 2) • Hope of the glory of God (verse 2) • Joy in suffering • Suffering produces perseverance. • Perseverance produces character • Character ultimately leads to hope
Review of Romans 1-7 Why Justification Comes (Romans 5:12-21) • Federal headship • Adam was our original federal head Week 9 • Jesus Christ is our new federal head • Differences between the two Adams • Motivation (verse 15) • Results (verses 15, 16, 17) • Scope (verses 15 and 17)
Review of Romans 1-7 Union to Christ (Romans 6:1-14) • Dead to sin • You now have the power to resist sin in your life Week 10 • There is a new power at work in our lives • United with Christ • Once we believe in Christ, our old self is gone • When a Christian sins, they are acting against their true identity. • We are now free to resist the power of sin.
Review of Romans 1-7 Servants of God (Romans 6:15-19) • We follow the law, not for salvation, but out of a spirit • of gratitude and love. Week 11 • We are all slaves to something • We are either slaves to sin or servants to God • We cannot be both; we cannot be neither • Everyone serves something or someone • The origins of the two types of slavery are different • Slavery to sin begins at conception • Slavery to God begins at conversion
Review of Romans 1-7 Servants of God (Romans 6:19-23) • The results of being a slave to sin versus being a slave • to God: Week 12 • The wages of sin is death (verse 23) • Sin brings condemnation and separation from God • Those who offer themselves to obedience grow in the • fruit of the Spirit. • The free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus. • (verse 23)
Review of Romans 1-7 Married to Christ (Romans 7:1-6) • We are married to another • Marital vows bind us as long as we are alive Week 13 • Death breaks the power of sin • Pleasing Christ • Death breaks the power of the law • We have died and our marriage to the law is over • The two covenants: • The covenant of works • The covenant of grace
Review of Romans 1-7 Warfare with sin (Romans 7:7-25) • What the law does • The purpose of the law is to define sin in us Week 14 • It also shows us our need of a savior. • Internal sin versus external sin • The tenth commandment deals with internal sin • The real battle with sin is internal • Paul discusses his inner conflict between delighting in • God’s law and being captive to the grip of sin.
Review of Romans 1-7 So where do we go from here? • We will camp out in Romans 8 for the next 3 weeks • Next week will be Romans 8:1-11 • The following week will be Romans 8:12-27 • The week after that will be Romans 8:28-39