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WELCOME TO ... SPAN 186 - TOPICS IN HISPANIC LINGUISTICS. which is really a pseudonym for NEW TRENDS AND TOPICS IN ROMANCE PHONOLOGY P.S. If you are interested in this class you really have to enroll formally …. 2/15. 186 RomPhon. - Class 1. Estamos en el año 50 antes de Jesucristo.

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welcome to span 186 topics in hispanic linguistics

WELCOME TO ...SPAN 186 - TOPICS IN HISPANIC LINGUISTICS

which is really a pseudonym for

NEW TRENDS AND TOPICS IN ROMANCE PHONOLOGY

P.S. If you are interested in this class you really have to enroll formally …

186 romphon class 1

2/15

186 RomPhon. - Class 1

Estamos en el año 50 antes de Jesucristo.

Toda la Galia está ocupada por los romanos... ?Toda? !No! Una aldea poblada por irreductibles galos resiste todavía y siempre al invasor. Y la vida no es fácil para las guarniciones de legionarios romanos en los reducidos campamentos de Babaórum, Acuárium, Laudánum y Petibónum...

"The year is 50BC. Gaul is entirely occupied by the Romans. Well, not entirely... One small village of indomitable Gauls still holds out against the invaders. And life is not easy for the Roman legionaries who garrison the fortified camps of Totorum, Aquarium, Laudanum and Compendium..."

186 romphon class 1 3 15
186 RomPhon. - Class 1 3/15
  • What distinguishes language from language?
  • What is a dialect?
  • What is the difference between a language and a dialect? Name a few....
slide5

latin

rumansch

french

catalan

slide6

6/15

  • Have a look at the sheet with different languages and or dialects.
  • Can you understand any of them (it’s always the same text)?
  • Can you guess what language that is?
  • Can you point out similarities or differences?
  • Can you say something about the relationship between writing and spoken form?
186 cl 1 notion of standard 8 15
186- Cl.1 NOTION OF STANDARD 8/15
  • What is a standard?
  • What is the norm?
  • Is any variety “better” than another?
  • What should we teach in schools?
  • Why are there different dialects / languages?
186 cl 1 language change 9 15
186- Cl.1 Language change 9/15
  • Is language change “bad”?
  • Change is inherent in the notion of variety
  • Change is not just physiological (other elements: fashion, social factors)
  • Historical depth

> can’t predict: “some do and some don’t”

186 cl 1 linguistics 101 10 15
186- Cl.1 Linguistics 101 10/15
  • Prescriptivism vs descriptivism
  • Phonetics: articulation and perception of speech sounds
  • Phonology: the patterning of speech sounds
  • Morphology: word formation
  • Syntax: sentence formation
  • Semantics: interpretation of words and sentences
  • Language change
  • Language acquisition (generation to generation)
186 cl 1 internal grammar 11 15
186- Cl.1 Internal grammar 11/15
  • prasp
  • flib
  • traf
  • *psapr
  • *bfli
  • *ftra

Pronounce them for me and tell me which are possible words of English and why?

186 cl 1 internal grammar bis 12 15
186- Cl.1 Internal grammar bis 12/15
  • hunted
  • slipped
  • buzzed what about flib?
  • pint *paynk
  • fiend *fiemp
  • wronged *wrongv
  • glimpse *glimpk

Pronounce them for me and tell me which are possible words of English and why?

slide13

Survival versus speech

Organ Survival function Speech function

Lungs Exchange CO2, O Supply air for speech

Vocal folds Create sealed over Produce voice for speech sounds

passage to lungs

Tongue Move food to teeth Articulate vowels and consonants

& back to throat

Teeth Break up food Provide place of articulation for C’s

Lips Seal oral cavity Articulate vowels and consonants

Nasal cavities Breathing Provide nasal resonance