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CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION EFFORTS OF TURKEY Ömer ÖZTÜRK Turkish Republic Ministry of Environment and Urbanization General Directorate of Environmental Management Department of Climate Change November 2012.
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CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION EFFORTS OF TURKEYÖmer ÖZTÜRKTurkish Republic Ministry of Environment and UrbanizationGeneral Directorate of Environmental ManagementDepartment of Climate ChangeNovember 2012
Climate change is a development issue, and onlysustainable development can confront the challenge... • Unsustainable development, in the past andthe present, is the root cause of climatechange. • Sustainable development is certainly a necessary,and probably a sufficient, condition forovercoming this challenge. Simply ‘addingon’ mitigative and adaptive strategies tounsustainable development will not work.
3 PILLARS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION POLICY • The efficient use of current policies in the context of climate change adaptation • The development of new policies and strategies SCIENCE • Establishing tools that support adaptation efforts by using the best available technology and data • Making information available at all levels of the community IMPLEMENTATION • Realizing adaptation implementation from local to central at varying scales and levels • Monitoring and evaluating processes from the economic, social and environmental aspects
Ministry of Development Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) Undersecretary of Treasury Ministry of Finance Ministry of Science, Technology and Commerce Ministry of Health Ministry of Maritime, Transportation and Communication Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey Ministry of Forestry And Water Works Turkish Industry and Business Association POLICY MAKING PROCESS • Coordination Board on Climate Change(CBCC) Ministry of Environment and Urbanization (MoEU) (Coordinator)
National Climate Change Strategy Strategy, 2010-2020 • National Climate Change • Action Plan First National Communication report presented to UNFCCC Secreteriat in 2007. 6 Çevre Yönetimi Genel Müdürlüğü / İklim Değişikliği Dairesi Başkanlığı 13.9.2014
NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLAN • NCCAP has been prepared by a participatory approach within the coordination of Ministry of Environment and Urbanization during 2009–2011. • NCCAP has been accepted by the Coordination Board on Climate Change (CBCC) on May 2011. • Vulnerability fields to shape the National Adaptation Strategy and actions:
PROJECTIONS OF TURKEY Almost all simulations agree on ; -Temperature increase in Turkey in the twenty first century. They also indicate larger increases towards interior and eastern parts of Turkey. -Precipitation reduction in winter in the Mediterranean, increase Black Sea region. - Reduction of spring runoff and an increase of winter runoff in the eastern Anatolia. TEMPERATURE PRECIPITATION SURFACE RUNOFF
FLOOD RISK IN TURKEY 1940-2010 average flood map Seasonal distribution of flooding-1940-2000 Distribution of flood occurrences, especially between the months of May to July in the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and western Anatolia. 1940-2000
MDG-F 1680: Enhancing the Capacity of Turkey to Adapt to Climate Change • Project Budget: 7.000.000 $ • Timeline: 2008-2012 • National Executing Agencies: Ministry of Environment and Urbanization • Implementing Partners:UNDP, UNEP, FAO, UNIDO, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology, the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs and the Ministry of Development
New Project-RAISE AWARENESS • Project name: Increasing Awareness of Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation to Climate Change • Project aim: Capacity building in national and regional organizations and creating awareness about the impacts of climate change and adaptation through dissemination of training for the management of climate change risks in Turkey'surban, rural and coastal areas • Project Budget: 1.000.000 TL • Timeline: 2012-1013 • National Executing Agencies: Ministry of Environment and Urbanization • Implementing Partners: TUBİTAK-TUSSIDE
New project-VULNERABILITY • Project name: Preparation of Regional and Sectoral Vulnerability Assessment Report on Climate Change for Turkey • Project aim: To prepare an Integrated Action Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change impacts for Antalya Basin placed in Mediterrian Basin Project Budget: 4.000.000 TL • Timeline: 2012-2014 • National Executing Agencies: Ministry of Environment and Urbanization • Implementing Partners: TUBİTAK Vulnerability fields
New Project-Resilient Cities • Project name: Expansion of Resilient Cities to Climate Change • Project aim: To ensure risk management of climate change in coastal areas and promote sustainable urban development policies for expansion of resilient cities to climate change. Expected outputs of the project are City Climate Resilience Strategy • Timeline: 2013-2014 • National Executing Agencies: Ministry of Environment and Urbanization
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