Strengthening the Role of Health in Sustainable Development
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Strengthening the Role of Health in Sustainable Development . A Strategy for WHO. Sustainable Development: Brundtland Legacy. 1987: World Commission on Environment and Development (The “Brundtland Commission”) “Our Common Future”: Coined the term Sustainable Development:

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Sustainable Development: Brundtland Legacy

  • 1987: World Commission on Environment and Development (The “Brundtland Commission”)

  • “Our Common Future”: Coined the term Sustainable Development:

    • ”Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”


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Sustainable Development

  • Environmental Development

    • Oceans

    • Atmosphere

    • Forests

    • Climate

  • Economic Development

  • Trade

  • Finance

  • Investment

  • Technology

    Transfer

  • Social Development

  • Health

  • Education

  • Energy

  • Water

  • Food


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Sustainable Development: Rio Legacy

  • 1992: UNCED

    • Rio Declaration (“Human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development. They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature” )

    • Agenda 21 : Global Programme of Action on Sustainable Development

    • Global Conventions

    • CSD and Task Manager system


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Rio Legacy: The Health Gap

  • Chapter 6 Agenda 21

    • Focus on:

      • Primary health care

      • Communicable diseases

      • Urban health

      • Pollution and hazards

      • Vulnerable groups

    • Inadequate attention to:

      • Health and poverty alleviation

      • Health risks and determinants beyond communicable diseases

      • Health impacts of development policies and practices

      • Globalisation and health


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WHO Contribution to the WSSD

An unprecedented opportunity to show why health needs to be seen as central to the development process.


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Four Themes / Messages

  • Ill-health hampers poverty alleviation and

    socio-economic development

  • Environmental degradation, mismanagement

    of natural resources and unhealthy consumption patterns/lifestyles impact on health

  • Development policies and practices need to take

    into account current and future impacts on health

  • New partnerships and reform measures are needed inside and outside the health sector


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Key Elements of the WHO Strategy (1)

  • Assessing the Evidence and Tracking Progress

    • Thematic reviews

    • Institutional and policy reviews

    • UN critical trends report

    • Report on cross-sectoral policy and intervention strategies


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Key Elements of the WHO Strategy (2)

  • Defining the issues and policy positions: Dialogue among key partners

    • Nov 2001: Health think-tank meeting (Norway)

    • Jan 2002: Interministerial health meeting (SA)

    • Feb - June 2002: Intergovernmental prepcom meetings and associated events

    • May 2002: WHA roundtables

    • Aug 2002: Implementation conference (SA)

    • Sep 2002: Johannesburg Summit


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Key Elements of the WHO Strategy (3)

  • Advocacy and Awareness-raising:

    • Development of WSSD Website

    • Production and dissemination of Fact sheets/Issue/Policy briefs

    • Production and dissemination of Media briefs

    • Multistakeholder virtual dialogues

    • Presentations key target groups: missions, G77 etc


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Key Outcomes for WHO

  • Health issues feature centrally in the final conference documentation/declaration

  • Renewed commitment to implementation of the health aspects of Agenda 21

  • Concrete plan of action in place on identified priorities for health and sustainable development

  • Announcement of major global initiative on health and sustainable development

  • Agreement on mechanisms to improve intersectoral action, including institutional strengthening for HIA

  • New partnerships/alliances in place