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BELLWORK. Come see me about your new seat! Once at your seat, get a blank map of Asia and the Middle East from the middle stool. Use pgs. A14-A15 to label all 43 countries. Write legibly! You will use this map to study for your first map quiz on Friday.

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bellwork
BELLWORK
  • Come see me about your new seat!
  • Once at your seat, get a blank map of Asia and the Middle East from the middle stool.
  • Use pgs. A14-A15 to label all 43 countries.
  • Write legibly! You will use this map to study for your first map quiz on Friday.
  • Also, get out your signed syllabus and personal history….. I will collect them shortly!
rivers
Rivers
  • Rivers are a very important component of early civilizations.
  • Label 5 of the most important rivers
  • Nile River
  • Tigris River
  • Euphrates River
  • Indus River Valley
  • Huang River Valley
human origins
Evidence traced the first human existence back to 4.4 million years ago in East Africa.

Hominids: group of human beings and humanlike creatures.

This idea evolved until the creation of Homo Sapiens, (“person who thinks”) 200,000 years ago.

Human Origins
ice age
Ice Age
  • Between 2 million and 10,000 years ago, Earth experienced long periods of cold climate, known as the Ice Ages.
  • Massive glaciers spread out from the Poles.
  • As sheets of ice formed, the level of the oceans dropped more than 300 feet!
  • As a result, areas were connected by land bridges.
  • Only the middle areas of the earth remained warm enough for humans and animals.
  • Led to the development of clothing and fire.
the iceman
The Iceman
  • September 19, 1991: Helmut and Erika Simon hiking near the Austria/Italian border
  • Saw a head and shoulders emerging from the ice.
  • Scientists dug it out of the glacier and discovered that the iceman was at least 5,000 years old! (Oldest body ever retrieved from a glacier)
  • He was named “Ötzi the Iceman” after the region in which he was discovered.
tzi the iceman
The Iceman’s remains were preserved through a combination of factors:

Altitude 10,530 feet

After he died, the ditch where he lay was filled with snow.

For thousands of years, a glacier covered this pocket of snow.

This caused the iceman to be naturally mummified.

Ötzi the Iceman
human culture
Culture: the way of life of a group of people. (Ex: knowledge, language, ways in which they eat and dress, religion, art, etc.)

Earliest aspect of culture – use of tools.

Use of stone tools eventually led to the Stone Age. (12,000BC – 8,000BC)

Human Culture
appearance of homo sapiens
Appearance of Homo Sapiens
  • 200,000 B.C.
  • Neanderthals: first homo sapiens originated in Africa and spread to Europe/Asia
  • Nomadic hunter-gatherers who were more advanced in tool making, medicine, and culture.
  • Cro-Magnons: originated in Europe
  • Made further advances in tools and hunting.
neolithic revolution
5,000B.C.

Characterized by the end of the ice age & appearance of grasslands.

Shift from hunter-gatherers to producing their own food.

Neolithic Revolution
timeline review
Timeline Review
  • Now that you have learned about the origin of humans, culture, and technology, you are going to create a timeline.
  • The timeline will span from 5,000,000 BC to 1 BC.
  • Include all the important events/time periods and a description of each.
  • Do this in your notes! It will be great review for the section.
closure
CLOSURE
  • Where did humans originate?
  • What was the Ice Age?
  • What was the Stone Age?
  • What is the difference between Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons?
neolithic village reading
Neolithic Village Reading
  • To learn more about the importance of the Neolithic Revolution, you are going to complete a reading.
  • Answer the 5 discussion questions in your notes.
  • Be ready to discuss your answers with the class.
neolithic village project
Neolithic Village Project
  • Now that you know all the characteristics and traits of the Neolithic Revolution, you are going to create your own Neolithic Village.
  • Use characteristics of an ancient Neolithic Village.
  • Be sure to use pictures, color, and labels!
  • If you use symbols, you must include a key!