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S cience & Technology Parks: A New Era for Sustainable Technology-Based Development Presented at IEEE Saudi Arabia Education Society Chapter Venue: Chamber of Commerce & Industry, Eastern Province. By Sadiq M. Sait Member, Prince Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Science Park

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Science & Technology Parks:A New Era for Sustainable Technology-Based DevelopmentPresented atIEEE Saudi Arabia Education Society ChapterVenue: Chamber of Commerce & Industry, Eastern Province


Sadiq M. Sait

Member, Prince Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Science Park

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

KFUPM, Dhahran

Tuesday, 1 March, 2005

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Part I: A Brief Overview of Science Parks Business Incubators
  • Part II: An Example of a Science Park at a University in Saudi Arabia
  • Part III: Progress and Status
mission of the university
Mission of the University

A Balance between three key elements:

  • Generation of new knowledge.
  • Passing on this knowledge to future generations.
  • Serving the needs of industry (business) and the community.
history and trend
History and Trend
  • Earlier, most (if not all) universities were reluctant to embrace collaboration with industry
  • Around 1980s, Universities began trying to contact industry (a little earlier in some industrialized countries such as the UK)
  • The science park concept was an unfamiliar one and companies were mainly attracted to it by a desire to be near to the University's scientific research
  • Around 1994, Universities began contacting companies through Science Parks (Research Parks)
  • Now, there are networks of universities and networks of Science Parks
  • With time, science from laboratories (with work on proof of concept, prototyping), via liaison offices, incubators, nurseries, science parks has made it to the industry
methods for supporting knowledge based business
Methods for Supporting Knowledge-Based Business
  • Science Cities
  • Technopolis
  • High Technology Industrial Parks
  • Science & Research Parks
  • Business Incubators
what is an incubator
What is an Incubator?
  • An incubator is for individuals who are eager to start companies
  • It provides financial, logistic, and intellectual support for a fixed period
  • Provides incubation to new entrepreneurs through the utilization of University resources (and sometimes funds from governments and agencies)
  • Value proposition they hope to create: (a) Capital, (b) Ideation, (c) Development, i.e., building a company
types of incubators
Types of Incubators
  • IT Backed
  • Government & Academic Institutes (to achieve developmental, strategic, and economic objectives)
  • VC Backed (VCs providing business acceleration services in conjunction with funding)
  • “Indie” (an incubator that has no affiliation with an IT product, service firm or VC)
  • Corporate (backed by traditional non-IT corporation)
services provided
Services Provided
  • Leveraging contacts, strategy planning, business plan evaluation, partner identification, business infrastructure, branding, funding, board of directors recruitment, PR, accounting services, legal services, advertising, and others.
  • Can be summarized as providing:
    • Logistical Support (dedicated facilities, ready to move in office for example, and shared facilities)
    • Strategic Support (experienced network of advisors) &
    • Operational Support (marketing, auditing, legal, technical services, etc)
what are science parks
What Are Science Parks?

A generally accepted definition includes:

It is a property-based initiative which:

  • Has operational links with universities and research centers
  • Is designed to encourage knowledge-based industries
  • Has an element of technology transfer and creation of job opportunities
  • Different from a Research Institute
benefits from the park
Benefits from the Park
  • Development of the region, creation of wealth and employment opportunities for the Kingdom
  • Enhancement of University skill at industry collaboration
  • Tenant-University associations are built
  • Commercialization of University research
international associations science parks
International Associations: Science Parks
  • IASP: Int’l Association of Science Parks, Spain
  • UKSPA: UK Science Park Association, UK
  • AURP: Association of University Research Parks, USA
  • APSTI: Associatione Parchi Scientifici E Technologici Italiano, Italy
  • TEKEL: Suomen Teknologiakeskusten Litto, Finland
major international science parks
Major International Science Parks
  • Number of science parks in the world is more than 1,000
  • Most Science Parks are linked with Universities
  • Major Science Parks are found in:
    • USA, UK, Canada, Russia, France, Finland
    • Japan, Hong Kong, China, Korea
    • Malaysia, Iran
    • Others
major science parks in muslim world
Major Science Parks in Muslim World
  • Bahrain: 1
  • Iran: 13
  • Kuwait: 1
  • Malaysia: 4
  • Morocco: 3
  • Nigeria: 1
  • Oman: 1
  • Saudi Arabia: 3
  • Tunis: 2
  • Turkey: 4
  • UAE: 3
major science parks in gcc region
Major Science Parks in GCC Region
  • Saudi Arabia: Prince Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Science Park, KFUPM, Dhahran
  • Kuwait: HRD Int’l Enterprise Center
  • UAE: Techno Park, Dubai
  • Oman: Knowledge Oasis Muscat
  • Bahrain: Bahrain Technology Park
  • Qatar: Science & Technology Park at Qatar Foundation Education City
prince abdullah bin abdulaziz science park
Prince Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Science Park
  • The Vision
  • The Mission
  • Goals/Objectives
  • PASP Site
  • Benefits to KFUPM
  • Benefits to Tenants
  • Success Factors

To make a significant contribution to the wealth & welfare of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through the development of knowledge-based companies

Keywords: Closer ties and enduring links between academia and industry

  • To develop a financially self-sustaining entity at KFUPM
  • Development of an entrepreneurial culture
  • Provision of space in the incubator and science park, and creation of self-sustaining facilities
  • Commercialization of University research
  • Providing incubator programs to young Saudis, and promoting emerging small-businesses
  • Utilizing the Kingdom’s industrial and market strengths
  • Generating employment opportunities in knowledge-based businesses
modes of participation in science park
Modes of Participation in Science Park
  • Single-unit building
  • Multi-tenant building
  • Incubator building
chronology of events
Chronology of Events
  • KFUPM Science Park Project Committee Formed: 19/05/2002
  • Conceptual Plan Prepared: 15/09/2002
  • Foundation Stone by HRH Prince Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz: 20/10/2002
  • UNESCO Experts Visit to KFUPM: 22/02/2003
  • Project Awarded for Layout/Infrastructure Planning: 09/04/2003
  • Schlumberger Construction started: 01/10/2003
  • PASP company being formed: Now
what is in there for kfupm
What is in there for KFUPM?
  • Joint research projects
  • Sharing of university laboratories
  • Custom-designed courses for tenants
  • Tenant staff in graduate programs
  • Advice from tenants (companies) on course design
  • Adjunct appointments of industry experts in the University
other benefits to kfupm
Other Benefits to KFUPM
  • Close links between tenants and the University community
  • Attraction of high-quality faculty and researchers
  • Multinational scientists in PASP will keep the University abreast of the latest trends and developments
  • Employment opportunities for students (during study and upon graduation)
benefits to tenant firms
Benefits to Tenant Firms
  • Tenant companies can have a significant point of presence in the region
  • Availability of a skilled work-force pool from the student body
  • Opportunity for commercial deployment of University’s intellectual property
  • Access to the University’s educational programs
other joint activities
Other Joint Activities
  • Large companies may choose to contract their research work to the University
  • Companies may donate equipment and share expertise, etc.
  • Senior staff of tenant companies may serve on University advisory committees
  • Tenants may offer scholarships to postgraduate students
critical success factors
Critical Success Factors
  • Planning, leadership, commitment, & involvement of everyone, for the effective implementation of the plan
  • Close interaction between the tenant firms and the University
  • A clear management structure, with a Park Manager appointed at an early stage
  • Preference to companies in the areas of general strength of the University
part iii progress status
Part III:Progress/Status
  • What to Expect?
  • Major Companies Involved in KFUPM
  • Current and potential tenants of PASP
what to expect
What to Expect?
  • University will be surrounded by some of the world’s leading technology companies
  • Industry participation in academia
  • The University will build on its current strengths due to proximity with industry
  • Research & teaching programs will concentrate on modern high-technology
major companies collaborating with kfupm
Major Companies Collaborating with KFUPM
  • Saudi Aramco
  • Schlumberger, USA
  • Japan Cooperation Center Petroleum
  • Ciba, Switzerland
  • Others
international companies in pasp
International Companies in PASP
  • Schlumberger (Construction in near completion)
  • CIBA Specialty Chemicals, Switzerland
  • Japan Cooperation Council for Petroleum
  • Letters of Intent received:
    • Idemitsu Kosan Ltd., Japan
    • Cytec, The Netherlands
    • WIPRO, India
    • Institute Francais du Petrole (IFP), France
    • Membrana, Germany
    • DevCorp Int’l, Bahrain
proposal for funding finance
Proposal for Funding & Finance
  • Given its ideal location and the explicit returns for the industry, the PASP-KFUPM Company is being formed with participation from:
    • KFUPM
    • Private Investments (Venture Capital)
    • Saudi major companies (Saudi Aramco, SABIC, possibly others)
  • The University would be responsible for establishment of standards for leasing, while the operation, maintenance and construction would be the responsibility of the PASP-KFUPM Company
governance management
Governance & Management
  • For effective management and governance, PASP-KFUPM Company will be formed based on the collaboration between three major parties:
    • University: knowledge and resources
    • Industry: financing and R&D
    • Government: regulations and incentives
  • The Park may be managed as a commercial enterprise by a Park Manager, who heads the management team, and will be overseen by the Board of Directors of PASP-KFUPM.
  • PASP is a strong statement of KFUPM’s determination to maintain its high standards.
  • PASP initiative will couple the University with industry, and will create an environment with vast potential for joint technological R&D.
  • With the establishment of PASP, KFUPM moves forward with a far-reaching initiative that will be a dynamic catalyst for technological development.
  • British Council
  • IASP