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Aiding DevelopmentAlleviating Poverty or Fostering Growth? UvA-IDS Lecture Series 2010-2011
Heavily debated… Common good(s) in a divided world? Getting on the road: actors – arrangements – agendas
Some historical background • Aristotle: States follow a natural pattern of growth • 1920s McKinley: The Phillipines are not ours to exploit, but to develop, civilize and educate and train for self-development” • WW-II -> UN + New Deal -> Truman’s famous 4 Point Declaration
Four Point Declaration(20/1/1949) • "we must embark on a bold new program for making the benefits of our scientific advances and industrial progress available for the improvement and growth of underdeveloped areas. More than half the people of the world are living in conditions approaching misery. Their food is inadequate. They are victims of disease. Their economic life is primitive and stagnant. Their poverty is a handicap and a threat both to them and to more prosperous areas. For the first time in history, humanity posesses the knowledge and skill to relieve suffering of these people. The United States is pre-eminent among nations in the development of industrial and scientific techniques. The material resources which we can afford to use for assistance of other peoples are limited. But our imponderable resources in technical knowledge are constantly growing and are inexhaustible”
Chapter 2: The problematization of Poverty: The tale of three worlds and development http://www.unc.edu/~aescobar/html/texts.htm
This years series • Yes, we discuss development AID or (cooperation) • Yes, we discuss the underlying values/motivations • Yes, we discuss some of the key-propositions of the WRR report, being: • Poverty or productivity • Healt and Education ? • Agriculture and Food Security? • International Public Goods • And the local level?
This year’s series • We do NOT want to focus on the aid-architecture in the Netherlands • But will discuss shifts in assigned responsibilities of actors, and the new donors. • But most importantly: we will try to move beyond the WRR-report, beyond “aid” or “cooperation”, but also look at independent development strategies
This Year’s Series • Block I: Aiding Development: Motivation and Aid Architecture • The motives, the Southern perspective, the donors, the changing paradigms • Block II: Aiding Development: The Driving Forces – • Health, agriculture, education • Block III: Development Strategies - The local, China, Brazil, Africa