Download
department of state directorate of defense trade controls n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Department of State Directorate of Defense Trade Controls PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Department of State Directorate of Defense Trade Controls

Department of State Directorate of Defense Trade Controls

0 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Department of State Directorate of Defense Trade Controls

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Department of StateDirectorate of Defense Trade Controls Mal Zerden

  2. Objectives • Explain role of Dept. of State and DDTC in regulating exports • Review legislation and regulations • Understand what the USML covers • Explain purpose of controls and country policies

  3. Objectives Explain the Commodity Jurisdiction process Explain different types of licenses Define terminology Review some exemptions Understand Compliance and Penalties

  4. Foreign Policy Objectives • Support allies in mutual foreign policy and national security goals • Promote interoperability with allies • Keep defense technology out of the hands of adversaries

  5. Agency Roles • State Department • Commerce Department • Homeland Security (CBP/ICE) • Justice Department (ATF) • Department of Defense • DTSA, Armed Services, DSS

  6. Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) Our Mission: Advance U.S. national security and foreign policy through licensing of direct commercial sales in defense articles and the development and enforcement of defense trade export control laws, regulations and policies.

  7. Laws & Regulations • Arms Export Control Act (AECA) • International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) • 22 CFR Parts 120-130

  8. Arms Export Control Act (AECA) • Controls Exports/Imports of Defense Articles & Services • Establishes Munitions List • Mandates Registration of Manufacturers and Exporters • Mandates Registration/Licensing of Brokers

  9. Arms Export Control Act (AECA) • Broad Authority of the Directorate to Approve, Deny, Suspend, Revoke and Halt Shipments from U.S. Ports • Congressional Oversight – 36(c), 36(d) and 36(f) • End Use and Retransfer Assurances

  10. Arms Export Control Act (AECA) • Require Monitoring/Reporting Fees, Contributions, and Commissions • Confirm Bona Fides of End Use and Users • Establishes Fines and Penalties • Foundation of Regulatory Process

  11. International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) • 22 CFR Part 120 - 130 • Implements AECA • Regulations for export of USML articles • Contains the USML - designates defense articles/services subject to Department of State export jurisdiction • Compliance and Enforcement - Violations & Penalties

  12. Delegation of Authority • President of the United States • Secretary of State • Undersecretary for Arms Control and International Security • Assistant Secretary for Political Military Affairs • Deputy Assistant Secretary for Defense Trade Controls • Managing Director of Defense Trade Controls

  13. NSPD-56 Defense Trade Reform • Signed by the President on Jan 22, 2008 • Directed the most far reaching reforms to the defense trade process in 16 years • Mandates specific process and resource requirements to support an export control system that is predictable, efficient and transparent.

  14. NSPD-56 Defense Trade Reform • DDTC should be fully resourced to perform its mission • DDTC should be 75% self-funded • Electronic licensing system to accommodate additional types of export cases • Improve interagency jurisdiction decisions • Cases to be processed within 60 days

  15. NSPD-56 Defense Trade Reform • Per NSPD-56, no license can take more than 60 days unless: • Congressional notification is required • A waiver is required (Presidential or UNSCR) • Assurances are required from the foreign government • Verification of the end user is necessary • DoD has not completed its review

  16. License Review Statistics • Over 82,000 cases received in 2008 • Approximately 5% increase last year • Approximately 50 officers in licensing office plus administrative staff

  17. Improvement Metrics • OEF/OIF: 80% faster • Open Cases: 66% reduction in pending • Overall Case Processing: 55% faster • RWA Rate: 52% reduction • (all occurred while the number of cases increased by 5%)

  18. US Munitions List

  19. U.S. Munitions List - 121 • Designates articles, services, and related technical data as defense articles and defense services subject to Department of State export approval • Items preceded by an asterisk are designated as “significant military equipment” (SME)

  20. U.S. Munitions List - 121.1 • I Firearms • II Guns and Armament (over .50 cal) • III Ammunition/Ordnance • IV Launch Vehicles, Guided Missiles, Rockets, Torpedoes, Bombs, Mines • V Explosives and Energetic Materials, Propellants, Incendiary Agents

  21. Commodity Jurisdiction (CJ) • Purpose of CJ • Policy criteria • Process

  22. Commodity Jurisdiction 120.4 • Purpose • To make a determination as to whether an article is considered to be a defense article covered by the USML

  23. Designating/Determining Defense Articles - 120.3 • Policy criteria • specifically designed or modified for military application • does not have predominant civil application • does not have performance equivalent to an article used for civil application

  24. Designating/Determining Defense Articles - 120.3 • Policy criteria • specifically designed, developed, configured, adapted, or modified for military applicationAND HAS • significant military or intelligence applicability such that ITAR control is necessary

  25. Commodity Jurisdiction • Process • Registration is not required prior to submission of a CJ • Request submitted by letter • Request reviewed by CJ officer • Case staffed to DOC and DOD • Replies received and analyzed by CJ officer

  26. Commodity Jurisdiction • If disagreement – CJ officer reconciles positions or if he can’t • Escalation of decision making • Decision made • Determination reply letter to requestor

  27. Registration - 122.1 • Any person who engages in the U.S. in the business of either manufacturing or exporting defense articles or furnishing defense services is required to register with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls • Manufacturers who do not engage in exporting must nevertheless register

  28. Definitions • Export – 120.17 • Defense Article – 120.6 • Significant Military Equipment – 120.7 • Technical Data – 120.10 • Defense Service – 120.9

  29. Purpose of Controls • Foreign Policy • National Security • Human Rights • Regional Stability • Proliferation

  30. CountryLicensingPolicies

  31. Prohibited Destinations126.1 U.S. arms embargo U.N. arms embargo countries supporting international terrorism policy of denial

  32. DDTC ORGANIZATION Deputy Assistant Secretary Directorate of Defense Trade Controls Managing Director Directorate of Defense Trade Controls Office of Defense Trade Controls Licensing (PM/DTCL) Office of Defense Trade Controls Compliance (PM/DTCC) Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy (PM/DTCP)

  33. Office of Defense Trade Controls Licensing Military Vehicle & Naval Vessel Division Aircraft Division Electronic Systems Division Space & Missile Division Emerging Technologies Firearms Team

  34. Application Process

  35. Application Process

  36. DSP-5 DSP-61 DSP-73 DSP-85 Permanent Export Temporary Import Temporary Export Classified Exports/Imports Types of State Dept. Licenses

  37. Other State Dept. Approvals • DSP-119 Amendment to License • GC General Correspondence • Offshore Procurement • Agreements • Technical Assistance • Manufacturing License • Distribution

  38. DSP-5 Permanent Export • Unclassified permanent export of defense articles • unclassified export of technical data - 125

  39. Documentation Requirements • Purchase order • Letter of intent • Other appropriate documentation (e.g. signed contract)

  40. Required Information • specific article • quantity • value • ultimate end-user • end-use

  41. Aircraft Programs • A400M • Eurofighter Typhoon • Panavia Tornado • JAS Gripen • NH-90 Helicopter • EH-101/AW-101 Helicopter • C27J Spartan • Eurocopter Tiger Helicopter

  42. DSP-83 is required for permanent export of significant military equipment (* in USML) - 123.10 export of all classified hardware & data - 125.7 Must be executed by foreign consignee, foreign end-user, and applicant - 123.10 DSP-83 Non-transfer & Use Certificate - 123.10

  43. DSP-83 Non-transfer & Use Certificate - 123.10 • DDTC may also require foreign government official to sign DSP-83 when export is to non-governmental foreign end-user - 123.10 • Stipulates that SME will not be reexported, resold outside of country, or to any other person • DDTC may require DSP-83 for any other defense article or service - 123.10(b)

  44. General Correspondence • Advisory opinion • Reexport request • Reconsideration of proviso • ITAR interpretation question

  45. Agreements • Technical Assistance • Manufacturing License • Distribution

  46. Technical Assistance Agreement • US person furnishes assistance to foreign person in design, assembly, repair, maintenance, operation, etc. of a defense article -- export of technical data