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Arctic and Inuit Notes. The Inuit and the Arctic Notes. T he Arctic. The Arctic Region (Tundra) Very flat (predominantly) Mountains in far north Glaciers Severe climate ( COLD) 10 months winter, cool summer Desert Very little life Lichen, sm. shrubs, mosses

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T he arctic
The Arctic

  • The Arctic Region (Tundra)

  • Very flat (predominantly)

  • Mountains in far north

  • Glaciers

  • Severe climate (COLD)

  • 10 months winter, cool summer

  • Desert

  • Very little life

  • Lichen, sm. shrubs, mosses

    (cling to ground for warmth and moisture)

  • permafrost

What region did the Inuit live in?

What is the Arctic topography?

What is the Arctic Climate?

What Vegetation is in the Arctic?

Arctic and inuit notes

The Inuit

  • Inuit live on coast and hunt seal, walrus, whales, fish, (use all)

  • Land: hunt caribou and musk-ox

  • Eat raw meat – fuel is scarce

  • Can freeze meat outside iglu in winter

  • Use seal blubber (fat) as fuel for soapstone lamps

  • Use caribou skin pants and parkas (double-layered), boots of seal and caribou, wear hood and mittens

What did the Inuit Eat/ hunt?

Did they cook their meat?

What did they use for fuel?

What is their clothing? How did they stay warm?

Arctic and inuit notes

  • Made houses out of snow – iglu

  • Can build in 2 hours with a knife

  • Heat homes with oil lamps and body heat (tents in summer months)

  • Travel long distances with sleds, snow shoes, umiaks, (boats for large groups)

  • Use kayaks (for Hunting Only)

  • Create the inukshuk - to show they were there and to guide caribou on the hunt

  • Believe spiritual force/ balance in universe (believe in wasting nothing)


How do they stay warm inside?

How do they travel in the Arctic?

What is an Inukshuk?

Spiritual Beliefs?

Summary how did the physical environment of the arctic region influence the culture of the inuit
Summary:“How did the Physical environment of the Arctic Region influence the Culture of the Inuit?”

Writing the summary
Writing the summary

  • No trees, only snow and ice and animals = Iglu and tent homes

  • Very COLD – parkas of fur for clothing

  • No plants = eat only meat

  • Lots of snow = snow shoes, sleds

  • Etc.

    Write a paragraph answer with a topic sentence and at least 3 points of evidence (facts)

Example summary
Example Summary

The physical environment of the Arctic region did affect the culture of the Inuit people. The Inuit lived in igloos made of ice, as that was the building material available. The cold climate and lack of plant life fostered an attitude of wasting nothing. It also forced the Inuit to develop alternative fuel sources such as seal blubber, and to have a diet of only meat, eaten raw. The Inuit also dressed in layered caribou skin parkas to survive in the cold weather. Overall, the severe arctic climate influenced every aspect of Inuit life.