Women Filmmakers 1896-Present
Silent Filmmakers • Alice Guy-Blache: • Made first narrative film, La Fee Aux Choux (The Cabbage Fairy) in 1896 • Made more than 700 films in France and U.S. • http://youtu.be/MTd7r0VkgnQ
Silent Filmmakers, cont. 2. Lois Weber: • One of most successful film directors • Films driven by her own morality The Hypocrites: http://youtu.be/xJBJvEEPegI
Silent Filmmakers, cont. 3. Lotte Reiniger: • The Adventures of Prince Achmed (Die Abenteuer des Prinzen Achmed) was the first animated feature in 1926 • Meeting Aladdin excerpt:http://youtu.be/j0NjcykUVM8
Silent Film, Cont. 4. Women Screenwriters sought, as well: • Frances Marion, Anita Loos, and June Mathis • June Mathis=first female executive in Hollywood
Classic Hollywood-(1930s-1950s) • Hays Code limited unconventional women • Conventional filmmakers who made money were mot successful • Dorothy Arzner: conventional filmmaker with a feminist bent from 1937 The Bride Wore Red forward. See Dance Girl Dance (1940): http://youtu.be/z99q8VNDGt0 • http://youtu.be/5yQXRJxoW9w
Late Classic Era: Ida Lupino • Outrage (1950): First Holywood feature directed by a woman after Dorothy Arzner’s film--”A young woman who has just become engaged has her life completely shattered when she is raped while on her way home from work.” • The Hitchhiker (1953): First film noir directed by a woman--selected for preservation in U.S. National Film Registry.http://youtu.be/lMoox8_pUlA
Women Filmmakers of the 1950s and 1960s • Shirley Clarke: Leading figure of the American film scene in NYC • The Connection explores heroin addicts’ lives: http://youtu.be/l5TDkXnycrk • Agnes Varda: moved from fictional to documentary narrative films from Cleo from 5-7 (1961) till The Beaches of Agnes (2008) • "They called me 'The Ancestor of the New Wave' when I was only 30. I had seen very few films, which, in a way, gave me both the naivety and the daring to do what I did."
American Women Filmmakers of the 1970s • Elaine May: Directed first Hollywood feature after Lupino’s The Trouble with Angels (1966) • The Heartbreak Kid (1972) • Barbara Kopple: Academy Award Winner for best documentary feature--selected for preservation in U.S. National Film Registry • Harlan County, USA (1976): http://youtu.be/iCiVMngILEI • Margaret Lazarus, Renner Wunderlich: Killing Us Softly (1979)
Women Filmmakers of the 1980s • Connie Field, The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter (1980) • Amy Heckerling, Fast Times at Ridgemont High (1982) (Also Clueless) • Susan Seidelman, Desperately Seeking Susan (1985) • Agnes Varda, Vagabond (1985) • Randa Haines, Children of a Lesser God (1986) • Kathryn Bigelow, Near Dark (1987) • I’ve Heard the Mermaids Singing (Patricia Rozene, 1987) • Penny Marshall, Big (1988). • Mira Nair, Salaam Bombay! (1988)
African American Filmmakers, 1990s • Julie Dash, Daughters of the Dust (1991) • Kasi Lemmons, Eve’s Bayou (1995) • Cheryl Dunye, The Watermelon Woman (1996)
More 1990s’ Women Filmmakers • Jane Campion: An Angel at My Table (1990), The Piano (1994), etc. • Barbara Streisand: Yentl (1983), The Prince of Tides (1991), The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996) • Sally Potter: Orlando (1992) • Gurinder Chadha: Bhaji on the Beach (1993) • Nora Ephron: Sleepless in Seattle (1993) • Deepa Mehta, Fire (1996) • Kimberly Pierce, Boys Don’t Cry (1999)
21st C. Women Filmmakers • Mary Harron, American Psycho (2000) • Shirley Cheechoo, Bearwalker (2000) • The Swamp (Argentina, Lucrecia Martel, 2001) http://youtu.be/j1Umz1iTZxU • Julie Taymor, Frida (2002), Across the Universe (2007) • Niki Caro, Whale Rider (2003), North Country (2005) • Patty Jenkins, Monster (2003) • Catherine Hardwicke: Thirteen (2003), Twilight, Lords of Dogtown (2005), Twilight (2008), Red Riding Hood (2011) • Away from Her (Sarah Polley, 2006) • Kathryn Bigelow, Hurt Locker (2008)--academy award winning director • Gina Prince-Blythewood: The Secret Life of Bees (2008).
21st Century Indy Women Filmmakers • Courtney Hunt: Frozen River (2008) • Claudia Llosa: The Milk of Sorrow (2009) • Sophie Barthes: Cold Souls (2009) • Lisa Cholodenko: The Kids Are Alright (2010) • Sofia Coppola: The Virgin Suicides (1999), Lost in Translation (2004), Marie Antoinette (2006), Somewhere (2010)