Diabetes
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Diabetes. Diabetes-is a disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy. The body breaks down food into the simple sugar glucose. Insulin-a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood.

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Diabetes
Diabetes

  • Diabetes-is a disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy.

    • The body breaks down food into the simple sugar glucose.

    • Insulin-a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood.

      • The body needs insulin to transport glucose into the cells.

      • Diabetics-glucose can’t enter cells instead it builds up in the bloodstream causing many health problems.


Diabetes1
Diabetes

  • Type 1 Diabetes-develops during childhood or adolescence.

    • The immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

      • The pancreas produces little or no insulin to balance the glucose in the blood.

      • Also known as juvenile diabetes.


Diabetes2
Diabetes

  • Type 2 Diabetes-is strongly linked to obesity and lack of physical activity.

    • Develops in people who are over 40.

      • More and more children and teens are developing type 2 diabetes.

    • The body isn’t able to use effectively the insulin it produces.

      • After several years the body’s production of insulin decreases.

      • 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2.


Diabetes3
Diabetes

  • Managing diabetes

    • Type 1 diabetes

      • People with type 1 diabetes control the disease with daily injections of insulin.

    • Type 2 diabetes

      • Healthy diet

      • Weight management

      • Medical care

      • Some people even need medications.


Arthritis
Arthritis

  • Arthritis-a disease of the joints marked by painful swelling and stiffness.

    • More common among older people.

      • It can affect anyone including children and teens.

    • Arthritis affects about 43 million people in the United States.


Types of arthritis
Types of Arthritis

  • Rheumatoid arthritis-chronic disease characterized by pain, inflammation, swelling and stiffness of the joints.

    • The immune system attacks health joint tissue, leaking to swelling and damage of the joints.

    • Affects joints of the hands, elbows, hips, knees and feet.

    • Symptoms include soreness, aching and fatigue.

      • Children with arthritis have this form.

      • It is the most serious and disabling form.


Types of arthritis1
Types of Arthritis

  • Osteoarthritis-chronic disease that is common in older adults and results from a breakdown of cartilage in the joints.

    • Caused by wear and tear on the joints.

    • Age and weight are risk factors.

    • Affects weight-bearing joints, knees and hips.

    • Breakdown of cartilage causes bone to rub against bone.

    • Symptoms include pain and swelling in the morning.


Managing arthritis
Managing Arthritis

Medication-to ease pain and reduce swelling.

Diet-healthy diet to maintain weight.

Physical activity-keeps joints flexible.

Rest-relieves stress on affected joints.

Heat/cold treatments-heat to relieve pain and cold to reduce swelling.

Joint replacement-in severe cases a diseased joint may be replaced with an artificial one.