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Byzantine Art and Culture. Hagia Sofia (Church of the Holy Wisdom). Justinian’s monument to the Byzantine empire as God’s empire on Earth. Burnt to the ground twice. Second time during the Nika riots of 532 AD. Rebuilt by Justinian in 536 AD. TWO Religions Claim it as their own.

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Presentation Transcript
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Hagia Sofia (Church of the Holy Wisdom)

Justinian’s monument to the Byzantine empire as God’s empire on Earth

slide4

Burnt to the ground twice. Second time during the Nika riots of 532 AD

  • Rebuilt by Justinian in 536 AD
two religions claim it as their own
TWO Religions Claim it as their own
  • Originally built as a Christian Church
  • In 1453 AD, it was turned into an Islamic Mosque.
  • Has stood as the principle mosque of Istanbul for 500 years.
cyrillic alphabet
Cyrillic Alphabet

They invented a new alphabet for the people of Russia.

Today, the Russian language uses this alphabet, known as the Cyrillic alphabet!

not all byzantine art were mosaics
Not all Byzantine Art were Mosaics
  • Icons (Greek eikon) - became the center of controversy between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches.
icons
Icons
  • Often painted on wood
  • Used in the home as well as in churches for worship
controversy surrounding icons
Controversy Surrounding Icons

“NO ICONS. I mean it this time!”

  • Many people believed them to be idol worship.
  • These people became known as iconoclasts.
  • The Patriarch of Constantinople banned them for a time.
  • The Patriarch of Rome disagreed.

“Oh yeah?”

“You can’t ban icons. I’ll ban you.”

“You’re excommunicated!”

(I’m kicking you out of the Church)

“YOU’RE EXCOMMUNICATED!”

break up of the christian church
Break-up of the Christian Church

In1054 AD the Christian Church split into two parts.

Christian Church

  • Eastern Church The Eastern Orthodox Church
  • Led by the Patriarch of Constantinople.
  • Western Church The Roman Catholic Church
  • Led by the Pope, in Rome
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