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Water and the New Growth Path - DWA Response -. 16 February 2011 Fred van Zyl. Purpose of Presentation. To present DWA response to the New Growth Path(NGP) To obtain a shared understanding on the role of Water in growth & development

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Presentation Transcript
purpose of presentation
Purpose of Presentation
  • To present DWA response to the New Growth Path(NGP)
  • To obtain a shared understanding on the role of Water in growth & development
  • To present existing & new activities supporting job creation
  • To highlight challenges, risks and success factors
  • To obtain strategic input for DWA and the water sector NGP support strategy
1 understanding the new growth path approach principles to guide sector engagement
1. Understanding The New Growth Path:Approach & Principles to Guide Sector Engagement
  • Create 5 million new jobs over the next 10 years (target large scale areas for employment creation)
  • Create sustainable employment & decent work
  • Targeting all people, particularly the poor
  • Phased development over short, medium and long-term (in the medium-term focus on sectors able to create employment on large-scale)
  • Collectively achieve more jobs (inter-sector partnerships, coordinated around core priorities vs disbursed action)
  • Fine-tune macro and micro policies to support more equitable and employment-intensive growth through
ngp job drivers
NGP Job Drivers

Main economic sectors:

Agriculture & agro-processing

Mining and beneficiation

Manufacturing (IPAP2)

Tourism / other services

Infrastructure

1

2

Look for employment opportunities in “job drivers” and implement policies to take advantage of them

Spatial opportunities:

Rural development

African regional development

New economies:

Green economy

Knowledge economy

5

Social capital:

The social economy

The public sector

4

3

important focus areas for dwa
Important Focus Areas for DWA
  • Infrastructure
  • Main Economic Sector
    • Agriculture & agro-processing
    • Mining and beneficiation
    • Manufacturing (IPAP2)
    • Tourism / other services
  • Spatial context (rural development + spatial footprint of water)
  • Smart solutions & technologies (Greening)
main performance indicators
Main Performance Indicators
  • Jobs (number and quality)
  • Growth (growth rate, labour intensity and composition)
  • Equity (lower income and poverty)
  • Environmental outcomes
2 dwa response
2. DWA Response
  • DWA is a committed partner and supports the NGP
  • The core objective of water management is to support social & economic development
    • This is reflected in the National Water Act and the National Water Resource Strategy
    • Water sector activities are developed and implemented within this objective
  • The support activities + associated principles of the NGP (e.g. Job creation) are reflected in DWA’s strategic plan
ngp job drivers water performance areas
NGP Job Drivers: Water Performance Areas

Water support can be grouped into 4 performance areas:

1

Integrated water resource planning, availability & allocation activities

2

Job creation through water infrastructure development and management

3

Job creation through water resource management programmes

4

Job creation through water governance

1 role of water in growth development
1. Role of Water in Growth & Development

EnablingResources

NaturalResources

Social

1

“Man”-

power

Water

NationalGrowthand Development

Money

Earth

Economic

Material

Air

Environment

Machines

Energy

1 1 water strategic outcome partnerships
1.1 Water Strategic Outcome Partnerships
  • Effective inter-sector partnerships
  • Implies integrated planning, strategies & targets(also reflected in IPAP2, NGP)
  • Integrated & aligned action and implementation
  • Extended & aligned enabling resources
  • Requires coordination & leadership (clarity on Roles)
  • Shared knowledge base
  • Respect spatial, business, sector and environmental values and principles
  • Requires resource alignment
1 2 sector issues conditions
1.2 Sector Issues & Conditions

EnablingResources

NaturalResources

Social

“Man”-

power

Water

NationalGrowthand Development

Money

Earth

Economic

Material

Air

Environment

Machines

Energy

2

1 2 sector issues conditions1
1.2 Sector Issues & Conditions
  • Water is a scarce and strategic resource
  • Water is a variable resource in space & time
  • Water quality is a priority action & concern
  • This implies:
    • improved water use efficiency (non-negotiable)
    • water resource protection (non-negotiable)
    • Negotiated water allocations (subject to availability, potential, existing vs new, reform, etc)
    • Allocations are subject to conditions
    • Risk management (floods & droughts)
  • New development requires lead-time (multi-year)
  • Water not only a resource but also a habitat (environment, social and economic development, recreation & tourism)
1 3 business alignment
1.3 Business Alignment

4

EnablingResources

NaturalResources

Cooperative Governance

Social

“Man”-

power

Water

NationalGrowthand Development

Money

Earth

Economic

3

Material

Air

Environment

Machines

Energy

1 3 business alignment1
1.3 Business Alignment
  • Water must be high on all agendas (essential element of business)
  • Water contribution requires integrated outcomes planning
  • Water contribution requires aligned resourcing & management
  • National Water Resource Strategy (NWRS-2) is a pivotal framework for integrated water management
    • NWRS-2 is aligned with Outcomes & Development Strategies
    • NWRS-2 is aligning with Sector and Resource Strategies (e.g. energy, food)
  • Water Resource Management demands sector partnerships and alignment
  • High priority and success factor: Cooperative and integrated governance (mining development, food security, growth centres)
  • NB! NB! Integrated Programme Leadership and Coordination
conclusion
Conclusion
  • DWA core business is aligned with NGP job driver 2
  • The core contribution is :
    • To make water available for socio-economic development
    • To make water habitats available for socio-econ development
    • Various programmes and activities support these
  • Water in itself is not a major job creator; Job opportunities are within integrated sector partnership programmes
4 dwa programmes activities per performance area
4. DWA Programmes & Activities per Performance Area

Water support can be grouped into 4 performance areas:

1

Integrated water resource planning, availability & allocation activities

2

Job creation through water infrastructure development and management

3

Job creation through water resource management programmes

4

Job creation through water governance

4 dwa oppertunities
4. DWA Oppertunities

EnablingResources

NaturalResources

4

Governance

Social

Integrated Programmes

“Man”-

power

Water

NationalGrowthand Development

1

Money

Earth

Infrastructure

Economic

3

2

Material

Air

Environment

Machines

Energy

1 water resource allocation activities in support of ngp job driver 2
1: Water resource allocation activities(in support of NGP job driver-2)

Existing programmes:

  • New resource developments (benefitting mining, domestic , industrial, agriculture, environment and recreation)
  • Water allocation and water allocation reform
  • Universal access to water services:
    • Basic services programme
    • Bulk infrastructure
    • Water boards
  • Water for food security (commercial & resource-poor farmers)
1 water resource allocation activities in support of ngp job driver 2 and ipap2
1: Water resource allocation activities (in support of NGP job driver-2 and IPAP2 *)

Enabling programmes:

  • Extended integrated planning (outcomes, energy, food-security, land reform and rural development, economic growth)
  • National Water Resource Strategy (NWRS-2 strategic alignment)
  • 9 new water reconciliation strategies

Additional programmes

  • Utilization of surplus water in existing schemes *
  • Broadened use (multi-purpose dams, recreation & tourism) *e.g. Inyaka dam recreation & tourism
2 water infrastructure development and management in support of ngp job driver 1
2: Water Infrastructure Development and Management(in support of NGP job driver-1)

Existing programmes

  • Raw water infrastructure development (beneficiaries: domestic, energy, irrigation, industrial and environment)
  • Regional bulk infrastructure & transfers
  • Refurbishment of water treatment works
  • Infrastructure asset management

Additional programmes & opportunities

  • Water management monitoring and gauging stations
  • Hydropower projects
  • Refurbishment of water treatment works *
  • Infrastructure asset management *

create jobs in municipalities through regulation

dwa water institutions infrastructure projects jobs
DWA & Water Institutions Infrastructure projects & jobs

* Water User Associations to be included

3 water resource operational management programmes
3: Water Resource Operational Management Programmes

Existing programmes

  • Water use efficiency
  • Working for water
  • River health programme

Additional programmes & opportunities

  • Water resource protection / water quality management
  • Water systems management
  • Water re-use
  • Disaster management
4 water governance activities 1 activities mostly facilitating low job opportunity
4: Water Governance Activities (1)(activities mostly facilitating / low job opportunity)

Existing programmes

  • Legislative review
  • NWRS-2 (pivotal role for growth & development)
  • Sector leadership and governance
  • Institutional review and alignment
  • Water resources planning & reconciliation
  • Water regulation
  • Water tariffs & funding model
  • Catchment management (3 CMAs to be established)
4 water governance activities 2 activities mostly facilitating low job opportunity
4: Water Governance Activities (2)(activities mostly facilitating / low job opportunity)

Extended water business management

  • Moving into a new era of “Smart” water management(water + infrastructure + operations + business processes)
  • Inter-sector planning and governance
  • Extended and shared business knowledge base
  • Spatial referencing and context
  • Sector skills development programme
water support for ngp priorities
Water support for NGP priorities
  • Infrastructure / public investment
    • Maintain high level of public investment in line with Growth Commission (5% - 7% of GDP)
    • Jobs in construction √
    • Overall economic efficiency , equity and emissions √
  • Agricultural value chain
    • New small holder schemes √
    • A fundamental rethink of land reform √
    • Commercial agriculture as central to food security and exports √
    • Substantial up-scaling in community and school gardens – proposing a pilot through EU fund √
    • Agro-processing based in IPAP2 √
water support for ngp priorities cont
Water support for NGP priorities (cont…)
  • Mining value chain
    • Increase mining prospecting, development and production √
  • Manufacturing
    • Projects in IPAP2 target substantial employment creation
    • Link to regional integration and production of inputs for local and regional infrastructure
  • Tourism and high-level services
    • Tourism strategy to continue to upgrade services and skills and ensure improved infrastructure and more affordable transport √
  • Green economy
    • IRP2* foresees a third of new energy from renewables – how to make sure it happens AND develop new industries? √

* [Energy] Integrated resource plan

challenges issues and risks 1
Challenges, issues and risks (1)
  • Water’s role as strategic resource is not understood and appreciated
  • Facilitation of integrated programmes (shared strategy, actions & leadership)
  • Adequate resourcing and inter-sectoral resource alignment
  • Water availability & variability (space and time) = water security

31

challenges issues and risks 2
Challenges, issues and risks (2)
  • Sector principles and conditions:
    • Water footprint
    • Environmental & pollution risks
    • Water use protocol (effective use) – (NWRS and IPAP2)
    • Appropriate norms & standards and associated quality control (IPAP2)
    • Inappropriate water use (e.g. irrigated bio-fuels)
    • Appropriate water allocation & extended criteria (value chain, socio-economic importance)
    • Improved licensing process (negotiation process, fair decisions, within reasonable timeframes)

32

challenges issues and risks 3
Challenges, issues and risks (3)
  • Infrastructure development time frames
  • Issue of temporary vs permanent jobs (e.g. construction jobs)
  • Skill needs of job opportunities and appropriate employment

33

the way forward 1
The Way Forward (1)
  • The primary job contribution by the water sector is through the economic sectors (e.g. integrated programmes) with associated implications - NGP driver 2
  • Strategic opportunities identified to support growth & development (in line with IPAP2, e.g. multi-use of dams in support of tourism, recreation, aquaculture, agri-industry) – NGP driver 2
  • A major job contributor is through water infrastructure development (23,000 jobs per annum, note that most are interim jobs for 1-4 yrs) – NGP driver 1

34

the way forward 2
The Way Forward (2)
  • In the operational water management areas interim job opportunities exist through critical interventions such as water use efficiency, WWTW, water quality, asset management, etc.
  • Job numbers in these areas are limited. Most require higher skills with associated training requirements.
  • Labour-intensive practices to be applied
  • Stronger integration between sector strategies must be facilitated
  • Dedicated resourcing and programmes for governance activities
  • Re-thinking the values of water (extended values & value chain)
  • Formal alignment of the water strategies with outcomes and macro strategies is facilitated through the NWRS-2

35

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