what does integrated permitting mean presentation based on h1 method uk thames region
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WHAT DOES INTEGRATED PERMITTING MEAN? (presentation based on H1 method, UK, Thames Region). Integration of permitting work in Danish counties. Example : Ribe County: 9 employees making permits (approximately 200.000 inhabitants in the county) Each Employee has 3 tasks:

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integration of permitting work in danish counties
Integration of permitting work in Danish counties
  • Example : Ribe County:
    • 9 employees making permits (approximately 200.000 inhabitants in the county)
    • Each Employee has 3 tasks:
      • Making permits within his/hers specific branch knowledge
      • Responsible for a specific sector plan or yearly task, including maintenance of the legislation
      • Maintain technical expertise within 1 specific area
    • For each permit there is a primary case officer and a secondary case officer. The secondary case officer shall make quality control of the permit using a questionnaire and give day to day sparring to the primary case officer
    • The case officer can use informal assistance from the relevant technical experts.
integration of permitting work in danish counties1
Specialist areas:

Industrial wastewater


Incineration techniques

Air pollution

Solid waste


External noise


Tasks (internal):

IT support

Company database

Department homepage


Integration of permitting work in Danish counties
  • Tasks (external):
  • Environmental management
  • Noise mapping
  • Green accounts
  • User payments
  • Revision of IPPC installations
  • Inspection report
  • Physical planning
  • Industrial network


Limit value




Raw materials




Solid waste

Structure of Assessment

Scope & options

Emissions inventory

assess environmental impacts

Compare impacts between options

assess costs

select best option

scope and options 1
Scope and Options - 1
  • Explain why you are doing the assessment:
  • either
  • To conduct a cost/benefit appraisal of options to determine BAT for selected releases from an installation because:
    • deviating from indicative BAT in BREF
    • several candidates for BAT
    • no indicative BAT in BREF
  • or
  • To carry out environmental assessment of emissions resulting from the installation as a whole
scope and options 2
Methane emissions from a landfill site

Sulphur emissions from a coal-fired power station

Emissions from a pulp mill

Emissions from effluent treatment plant of a chemicals manufacturing facility

Scope and Options - 2
  • Describe scope of activities to be included
scope and options 3
Types of techniques:
  • Raw materials
  • Abatement
  • process control
  • operating mode
  • design
Scope and Options - 3
  • Identify key environmental issues (and eliminate irrelevant ones) and receptors
  • Identify candidate options for BAT, by considering all relevant techniques to prevent and minimise pollution from all activities
emissions inventory 1
Emissions Inventory - 1
  • Including:
  • Point source emissions to air
  • Point source emissions to surface water, groundwater and sewer
  • Waste emissions
  • Fugitive emissions to all media
  • Abnormal emissions from emergency relief vents, flares etc
  • Raw material consumption including energy and water
emissions inventory 2
Emissions Inventory - 2
  • Describe:
  • Substances released
  • Source, including height, location, efflux velocity and total flow
  • Predicted normal and maximum emissions expressed on suitable basis Statistical basis
  • Predicted frequencies (if intermittent)
  • Plant loads at which data are applicable
  • Check all options meet any statutory emission limit values as laid down in EU Directives
Quantify the impacts
  • considerations
  • releases to air
  • releases to water
  • deposition to land
  • ozone creation
  • global warming
  • waste disposal
  • noise
  • odour
  • accidents
  • visual impact
  • method depends on type of impact:
  • local impacts: relate to level in environment

- usually a maximum “protective” level

  • non-local impacts: relate to relative burden

- no maximum “protective” level

local impacts - 1
  • estimate levels in environment after dispersion :- “Process Contributions” (PC)
  • compare PC against environmental benchmarks; EQSs
  • the benchmarks are based generally on a maximum “tolerable” concentration to a receptor in a medium
  • benchmarks for human and ecological protection are available and will be under constant revision
local impacts 2
local Impacts - 2
  • Identify whether detailed modelling of emissions is needed , eg
    • if local receptors present which are sensitive to any of the significant emissions
    • if there is a risk of breaching an EQS
  • Add PC to background level to obtain total Predicted Environmental Concentration (PEC)
  • Check that PEC does not breach an EQS - these options will usually be unacceptable
local impacts 4
local impacts - 4
  • normalise against benchmark:


  • Summarise total impact by medium
    • EQ water
    • EQ air
    • EQ land
  • Quantify Non-Local Impacts
  • Use relative Indices for
    • Global Warming
    • Ozone Creation
  • Waste:
    • quantify by category
    • describe disposal route
  • Summarise as total burden
compare options
Compare Options
  • If PCs from options are low compared to EQSs this has less influence on decision than when they are high
  • If existing environmental quality is poor then greater importance placed on this consideration in the assessment
  • Local proximity of sensitive receptors to certain environmental impacts may be important
  • Long term irreversible effects are less desirable than short term reversible effects
  • How big the contribution of the impact is in relation to national or EU targets
  • Bear in mind risk/accidents
evaluate the costs
Evaluate the Costs
  • Estimate the costs of implementing each of the options carried forward from the assessment, to allow a balanced judgement of the costs of controlling releases of substances against the environmental benefits
  • Not necessary if the operator proposes to implement the option which clearly represents the lowest environmental impact
Select BAT
  • balance environmental benefits against costs
  • justify priority impacts
  • show decisions clearly
  • use expert judgement
case study a power plant
Case study: A Power plant
  • Step 1: Scope and options
  • “To decide the best technique to reduce sulphur emissions from a power plant”
case study a power plant3
Case study: A Power plant
  • Step 4: Assess local impacts
  • Impossible to find locations for deposit of up to 30 mio. m3 solid waste (dry method over 30 years)
  • Gypsum (wet method) deposits has a risk for leaching of heavy metals to ground water, which is not acceptable.
  • Discharge of wastewater with heavy metals from the wet method is not in accordance with the hazardous substances directive (list I substances which should be eliminated).
case study a power plant4
Case study: A Power plant
  • Step 5: Assess regional and global impacts
  • Acidification:
  • Low – S Coal > End-of-pipe > N-gas (best option)
  • Eutrophication:
  • De-S, wet > low –S coal > De-S, dry > N-gas > SNOX (best option)
  • (assessed directly from emissions and discharges)
case study a power plant5
Case study: A Power plant
  • Step 6: Compare options
  • Due to unacceptable local impacts from heavy metals a deposit free solution is preferred and from assessment of regional and global impacts the following 2 methods is selected for further cost investigations:
  • N-gas
  • SNOX method
case study a power plant6
Case study: A Power plant
  • Step 7: Assess the cost
  • It is assessed that use of N-gas will raise the current power price with approx 7% compared to present price and cost 12 mio. EUR in installation of new burners etc.
  • The SNOX method is comparable in price to the other end-of-pipe solutions, but the method is not developed to a commercial level yet (only demo installations)
case study a power plant7
Case study: A Power plant
  • Step 8: Select BAT
  • BAT is the SNOX process when it is developed to a commercial level.
  • Until then N-gas firing is BAT