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RoHS directive 10 th July 2008 Kwidzyn Poland. “ Business Support Programme for Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and Turkey ”. BSP 2007/142-722. outline. Legislative background What is it about Restricted elements and compunds Exemptions Testing methods Summary.

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rohs directive 10 th july 2008 kwidzyn poland
RoHS directive

10th July 2008

Kwidzyn Poland

“Business Support Programme for Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and Turkey”

BSP 2007/142-722

outline
outline
  • Legislative background
  • What is it about
  • Restricted elements and compunds
  • Exemptions
  • Testing methods
  • Summary

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

slide3
Resolution of 25 January 1988 on aCommunity action programme to combat environmentalpollution by cadmium

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

legislative background
Legislative background
  • Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

27th January 2003

on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment

RoHS

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

weee and rohs
WEEE and RoHS

WasteElectrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE

as set out inDirective 2002/96/EC of 27 January 2003

Reduce the load of electronic waste:

  • heavy metals
  • flame retardants

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

slide6
Directive is not the same as state law of the EU member State. States have been given 18 moths for incorporating the law into their own

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

what is it about
What is it about
  • Approximate the laws of theMember States
  • Contribute to theprotection of human health
  • Environmental
  • Disposal of waste electrical and electronicequipment

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

restricted elements compounds
restricted elements compounds
  • Mercury Hg
  • Cadmium Cd
  • Lead Pb
  • Chromium Cr (VI)
  • Fire retardants

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

restricted elements compounds9
restricted elements compounds
  • PBB (polybrominated biphenyls)
  • PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ethers)
  • …will there be more

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

concentration
concentration

Maximum concentration in homogeneous material

0,01% Cadmium

Mercury

Lead

0,1% Chromium (VI)

PBB (polybrominated biphenyls)

PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ethers)

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

homogeneous material

element

(plastic-cover

chip, etc.)

powder

Homogeneous material

Homogeneous material means a material that can not be mechanically disjointed intodifferent materials.

PCB

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

what equipment is covered
What equipment is covered
  • electrical and electronic equipment falling under the categories 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10 set out in Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE) and to electric light bulbs, and luminaires in households
  • Devices that use electric current or electromagnetic field or

generation, transfer, measure of such

not exceeding 1000 V AC

1500 V DC

Link annex IA

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

what equipment applies
What equipment applies

1. Large household appliances

2. Small household appliances

3. IT and telecommunications equipment

4. Consumer equipment

5. Lighting equipment

6. Electrical and electronic tools (with the exception of large-scale stationary industrial tools)

7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment

8…

9…

10. Automatic dispensers

Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE)

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

weee annex ia 1
WEEE Annex IA (1)

1. Large household appliances

  • Large cooling appliances
  • Refrigerators
  • Freezers
  • Other large appliances used for refrigeration, conservation and storage of food
  • Washing machines
  • Clothes dryers
  • Dish washing machines
  • Cooking
  • Electric stoves
  • Electric hot plates
  • Microwaves
  • Other large appliances used for cooking and other processing of food
  • Electric heating appliances
  • Electric radiators
  • Other large appliances for heating rooms, beds, seating furniture
  • Electric fans
  • Air conditioner appliances
  • Other fanning, exhaust ventilation and conditioning equipment

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

what equipment applies15
What equipment applies

1. Large household appliances

2. Small household appliances

3. IT and telecommunications equipment

4. Consumer equipment

5. Lighting equipment

6. Electrical and electronic tools (with the exception of large-scale stationary industrial tools)

7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment

8…

9…

10. Automatic dispensers

Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE)

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

slide16
Producer:
  • manufactures and sells electrical and electronic equipment under his own brand;
  • resells under his own brand equipment produced by other suppliers, a reseller not being regarded as the ‘producer’ if the brand of the producer appears on the equipment, as provided for in; or
  • imports or exports electrical and electronic equipment on a professional basis into a Member State.

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

slide17
Entering into force from 1 July 2006

new electrical and electronic equipment put on market

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemptions
Exemptions

Does not apply to spare parts for the repair, or to the reuse, of electrical and electronic equipment put on the market before 1 July 2006

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemptions19
Exemptions

Exemptions from the substitution requirement should be permitted if substitution is not possible from the scientific and technical point of view or if the negative environmental or health impacts caused by substitution are likely to outweigh the human and environmental benefits of the substitution

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemptions hg
Exemptions Hg
  • Mercury in compact fluorescent lamps not exceeding 5 mg per lamp.
  • Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for general purposes not exceeding:

— halophosphate 10 mg

— triphosphate with normal lifetime 5 mg

— triphosphate with long lifetime 8 mg

  • Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special purposes.
  • Mercury in other lamps not specifically mentioned in this Annex.

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemtions pb
Exemtions Pb
  • Lead in glass of cathode ray tubes, electronic components and fluorescent tubes.
  • Lead as an alloying element in steel containing up to 0,35 % lead by weight, aluminium containing up to 0,4 % lead

by weight and as a copper alloy containing up to 4 % lead by weight.

  • Lead in high melting temperature type solders (i.e. tin-lead solder alloys containing more than 85 % lead),

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemtions pb22
Exemtions Pb
  • Lead in solders for servers, storage and storage array systems (exemption granted until 2010),
  • Lead in solders for network infrastructure equipment for switching, signalling, transmission as well as network management for telecommunication,
  • Lead in electronic ceramic parts (e.g. piezoelectronic devices).
  • Lead in lead-bronze bearing shells and bushes (2005/717/EC)

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemption pb
Exemption Pb
  • Lead used in compliant pin connector systems 2005/747/EC
  • Lead as a coating material for the thermal conduction module c-ring 2005/747/EC
  • Lead and cadmium in optical and filter glass 2005/747/EC
  • Lead in solders consisting of more than two elements for the connection between the pins and the package of microprocessors with a lead content of more than 80 % and less than 85 % by weight 2005/747/EC
  • Lead in solders to complete a viable electrical connection between semiconductor die and carrier within integrated circuit Flip Chip packages 2005/747/EC

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemption pb24
Exemption Pb
  • Lead in linear incandescent lamps with silicate coated tubes 2006/310/EC
  • Lead halide as radiant agent in High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps used for professional reprography applications 2006/310/EC
  • Lead as activator in the fluorescent powder (1 % lead by weight or less) of discharge lamps when used as sun tanning lamps containing phosphors such as BSP (BaSi2O5:Pb) as well as when used as speciality lamps for diazo-printing reprography, lithography, insect traps, photochemical and curing processes containing phosphors such as SMS ((Sr,Ba)2MgSi2O7:Pb) 2006/310/EC

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemption pb25
Exemption Pb
  • Lead with PbBiSn-Hg and PbInSn-Hg in specific compositions as main amalgam and with PbSn-Hg as auxiliaryamalgam in very compact Energy Saving Lamps (ESL) 2006/310/EC
  • Lead oxide in glass used for bonding front and rear substrates of flat fluorescent lamps used for Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) 2006/310/EC
  • Lead bound in crystal glass as defined in Annex I (Categories 1, 2, 3 and 4) of Council Directive 69/493/EEC; 2006/690/EC

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemptions pb
Exemptions Pb
  • Lead and cadmium in printing inks for the application of enamels on borosilicate glass 2006/691/EC
  • Lead as impurity in RIG (rare earth iron garnet) Faraday rotators used for fibre optic communications systems 2006/691/EC
  • Lead in finishes of fine pitch components other than connectors with a pitch of 0.65 mm or less with NiFe lead frames and lead in finishes of fine pitch components other than connectors with a pitch of 0.65 mm or less with copper lead frames 2006/691/EC
  • Lead in solders for the soldering to machined through hole discoidal and planar array ceramic multilayer capacitors 2006/691/EC

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemption pb27
Exemption Pb
  • Lead oxide in plasma display panels (PDP) and surface conduction electron emitter displays (SED) used in structural elements; notably in the front and rear glass dielectric layer, the bus electrode, the black stripe, the address electrode, the barrier ribs, the seal frit and frit ring as well as in print pastes 2006/691/EC
  • Lead oxide in the glass envelope of Black Light Blue (BLB) lamps 2006/691/EC
  • Lead alloys as solder for transducers used in high-powered (designated to operate for several hours at acoustic power levels of 125 dB SPL and above) loudspeakers 2006/691/EC

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemption pb28
Exemption Pb
  • Lead in soldering materials in mercury free flat fluorescent lamps (which e.g. are used for liquid crystaldisplays, design or industrial lighting2008/385/EC
  • Lead oxide in seal frit used for making window assemblies for Argon and Krypton laser tubes2008/385/EC

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemption cd
Exemption Cd
  • Cadmium plating except for applications banned under Directive 91/338/EEC amending Directive 76/769/EEC relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations
  • Cadmium alloys as electrical/mechanical solder joints to electrical conductors located directly on the voice coilin transducers used in high-powered loudspeakers with sound pressure levels of 100 dB (A) and more2008/385/EC

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemption cr vi
Exemption Cr (VI)
  • Hexavalent chromium as an anti-corrosion of the carbon steel cooling system in absorption refrigerators
  • Hexavalent chromium in corrosion preventive coatings of unpainted metal sheetings and fasteners used for corrosion protection and Electromagnetic Interference Shielding in equipment falling under category three of Directive 2002/96/EC (IT and telecommunications equipment). Exemption granted until 1 July 2007 2006/692/EC

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemptions fire retardants
Exemptions fire retardants
  • DecaBDE in polymeric applications (2005/717/EC)

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

exemption
Exemption

8. Medical equipment

9. Devices for control and monitoring

Category 8 and 9in Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE)

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

evaluation
evaluation
  • Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special purposes,
  • Lead in solders for servers, storage and storage array systems, network infrastructure equipment for switching, signalling, transmission as well as network management for telecommunications (with a view to setting a specific time limit for this exemption)
  • Evaluation of exemptions every 4 years

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

occurrence of restricted chemicals
Occurrence of restricted chemicals

Source: guide from Ministry of Economy

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

occurrence of restricted chemicals35
Occurrence of restricted chemicals

Mercury Hg

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

occurrence of restricted chemicals36
Occurrence of restricted chemicals

PBB

PBDE

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

rohs like regulations
RoHS like regulations

Source:Jutta Muller IZM Fraunhofer

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

testing methods
Testing methods

Testing procedures IEC 62321

Procedures for the Determination of Levels of Regulated Substances in Electrotechnical Products

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

testing methods39
Testing methods
  • Screening:

XRF (X-ray Fluorescence)

    • Non destructive
    • Fast
    • Needs reference material
    • Calibration

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

testing methods40
Testing methods
  • „Wet chemistry”

ICP-MS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry)

ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy)

CV-AAS (Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry)

AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrometry)

    • Destructive, digestion
    • Time vs precision
    • Calibration

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

testing procedure
Testing procedure

LOD (Limit od Detection) = 3s

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

further steps
Further steps
  • March 2008 Oko Institute report
  • May 2008 stakeholders workshop
  • June 2008 Final version of report
  • October 2008 revision made by EC of RoHS

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

pros cons
Pros & Cons
  • Lead-free solders have a higher melting point requiring higher process temperatures
  • Lead-free solders are significantly harder, which can increase the likelihood of cracks instead of plastic deformation, which is typical for lead-containing solders
  • Energy consumption
  • Costs to upgrade to technology standard

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

pros cons44
Pros & Cons

+ Health benefits

+Environment

+ Reliability concerns

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

useful links
Useful links

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ

/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32002L0095:EN:NOT

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ

/LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2002L0095:20061014:EN:PDF

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee/legis_en.htm FAQ

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL

amendments
amendments
  • 2005/717/EC
  • 2005/747/EC
  • 2006/310/EC
  • 2006/690/EC
  • 2006/691/EC
  • 2006/692/EC
  • 2008/385/EC
  • … more to come

RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL